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Reverse individual words

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 22 Nov, 2022
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Output skeeG rof skeeGGiven a string str, we need to print reverse of individual words.

Examples: 

Input : Hello World
Output : olleH dlroW
 
Input :  Geeks for Geeks
Output : skeeG rof skeeG

Method 1 (Simple): Generate all words separated by space. One by one reverse words and print them separated by space. 
Method 2 (Space Efficient): We use a stack to push all words before space. As soon as we encounter a space, we empty the stack. 

Implementation:

C++




// C++ program to reverse individual words in a given
// string using STL list
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// reverses individual words of a string
void reverseWords(string str)
{
    stack<char> st;
 
    // Traverse given string and push all characters
    // to stack until we see a space.
    for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); ++i) {
        if (str[i] != ' ')
            st.push(str[i]);
 
        // When we see a space, we print contents
        // of stack.
        else {
            while (st.empty() == false) {
                cout << st.top();
                st.pop();
            }
            cout << " ";
        }
    }
 
    // Since there may not be space after
    // last word.
    while (st.empty() == false) {
        cout << st.top();
        st.pop();
    }
}
 
// Driver program to test function
int main()
{
    string str = "Geeks for Geeks";
    reverseWords(str);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to reverse individual
// words in a given string using STL list
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
// reverses individual words of a string
static void reverseWords(String str)
{
    Stack<Character> st=new Stack<Character>();
  
    // Traverse given string and push all
    // characters to stack until we see a space.
    for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); ++i) {
        if (str.charAt(i) != ' ')
            st.push(str.charAt(i));
  
        // When we see a space, we print
        // contents of stack.
        else {
            while (st.empty() == false) {
                System.out.print(st.pop());
                 
            }
            System.out.print(" ");
        }
    }
  
    // Since there may not be space after
    // last word.
    while (st.empty() == false) {
        System.out.print(st.pop());
         
    }
}
 
// Driver program to test above function
public static void main(String[] args)
{
   String str = "Geeks for Geeks";
    reverseWords(str);
  }
}

Python3




# Python3 program to reverse individual words
# in a given string using STL list
 
# reverses individual words of a string
def reverseWords(string):
    st = list()
 
    # Traverse given string and push all characters
    # to stack until we see a space.
    for i in range(len(string)):
        if string[i] != " ":
            st.append(string[i])
 
        # When we see a space, we print
        # contents of stack.
        else:
            while len(st) > 0:
                print(st[-1], end= "")
                st.pop()
            print(end = " ")
 
    # Since there may not be space after
    # last word.
    while len(st) > 0:
        print(st[-1], end = "")
        st.pop()
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    string = "Geeks for Geeks"
    reverseWords(string)
 
# This code is contributed by
# sanjeev2552

C#




// C# program to reverse individual
// words in a given string using STL list
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG
{
 
// reverses individual words
// of a string
public static void reverseWords(string str)
{
    Stack<char> st = new Stack<char>();
 
    // Traverse given string and push
    // all characters to stack until
    // we see a space.
    for (int i = 0; i < str.Length; ++i)
    {
        if (str[i] != ' ')
        {
            st.Push(str[i]);
        }
 
        // When we see a space, we
        // print contents of stack.
        else
        {
            while (st.Count > 0)
            {
                Console.Write(st.Pop());
 
            }
            Console.Write(" ");
        }
    }
 
    // Since there may not be
    // space after last word.
    while (st.Count > 0)
    {
        Console.Write(st.Pop());
 
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main(string[] args)
{
    string str = "Geeks for Geeks";
    reverseWords(str);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed
// by Shrikant13

Javascript




// JS program to reverse individual words in a given
// string using STL list
 
 
// reverses individual words of a string
function reverseWords(str) {
    let st = [];
 
    // Traverse given string and push all characters
    // to stack until we see a space.
    for (let i = 0; i < str.length; ++i) {
        if (str[i] != ' ')
            st.unshift(str[i]);
 
        // When we see a space, we print contents
        // of stack.
        else {
            while (st.length != 0) {
                console.log(st[0]);
                st.shift();
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Since there may not be space after
    // last word.
    while (st.length != 0) {
        console.log(st[0]);
        st.shift();
    }
}
 
// Driver program to test function
let str = "Geeks for Geeks";
reverseWords(str);
 
// This code is contributed by adityamaharshi21

Output

skeeG rof skeeG

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the string
Auxiliary Space: O(n), where n is the length of the string

Python | Reverse each word in a sentence
Using stringstream in C++

Implementation:

CPP




#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
void printWords(string str)
{
    // word variable to store word
    string word;
  
    // making a string stream
    stringstream iss(str);
  
    // Read and print each word.
    while (iss >> word){
        reverse(word.begin(),word.end());
        cout<<word<<" ";
    }
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    string s = "GeeksforGeeks is good to learn";
    printWords(s);
    return 0;
}
// This code is contributed by Nikhil Rawat

Output

skeeGrofskeeG si doog ot nrael 

Time complexity : O(n) 
Auxiliary Space : O(n)

Using Java 8 Streams 

Implementation:

Java




import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
 
// This code is contributed by Mayank Sharma
public class reverseIndividual {
 
    public static void main(String[] args) {
 
        String str = "Welcome to GFG";
         
        // Splitting the string based on space and reverse each part
        // and then join
        String result = Arrays.asList(str.split(" "))
                .stream()
                .map(s -> new StringBuilder(s).reverse())
                .collect(Collectors.joining(" "));
 
        System.out.println(result);
 
    }
 
}

Output

emocleW ot GFG

Alternate Approach: To Print the reversed string by using StringBuffer Class.

Steps:

  1. O(n) First, convert the string object into a StringBuffer object.
  2. By using the reverse method of the StringBuffer class reverse the string.
  3. Now, store the reverse sequence into a String array.
  4. Run a loop that will create a new String by using these reverse words
  5. Finally, return the new string.

Implementation:

Java




/*package whatever //do not write package name here */
 
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
      static String makeReverse(String str) {
      StringBuffer s = new StringBuffer(str);
      str = s.reverse().toString();
      String [] rev = str.split(" ");
      StringBuffer reverse = new StringBuffer();
      for(int i = rev.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
          reverse.append(rev[i]).append(" ");
      }
      return reverse.toString();
    }
    public static void main (String[] args) {
       String str = "Geeks for Geeks";
       System.out.println(makeReverse(str));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Adarsh Kumar

Output

skeeG rof skeeG 

Alternate Approach: To store the reversed string instead of just printing

Steps:

  1. Create a stack and push all the characters of the given input string.
  2. Create  ‘rev’ and ‘temp’ strings
  3. Do the following steps till the stack becomes empty.
  4. If the peek( ) of the stack is a character, append it to temp
  5. If the peek( ) of the stack is a space, then append space to rev and also temp to rev
  6. Finally, if the temp is not empty, append the temp to rev in the front
  7. Return the reversed string

Implementation:

Java




//java program to reverse the individual words
import java.util.Stack;
 
public class Reverse {
     
    //function to reverse the individual words
    String reverse(String str) {
        //create a stack to access the string from end
        Stack<Character> s = new Stack<>();
         
        //push all the characters of the stack
        for(int i = 0; i < str.length();i++)
            s.push(str.charAt(i));
         
        //rev string to store the required output
        String rev = "";
        String temp = "";
         
        //till the stack becomes empty
        while(!s.isEmpty()) {
            //if top of the stack is a letter,
            //then append it to temp;
            if(Character.isLetter(s.peek()))
                temp = temp + s.pop();
            //if it is a space, the append space to rev
            //and also temp to rev
            else {
                rev = " " + temp +rev;
                //make the temp empty
                temp = "";
                s.pop();
            }
        }
        //if temp is not empty, add temp to rev at the front
        if(temp != "")
            rev = temp + rev;
         
        //return the output string
        return rev;
    }
     
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String str = "Geeks for Geeks";
         
        Reverse obj = new Reverse();
        System.out.println(obj.reverse(str));
    }
}
 
//This method is contributed by Likhita AVL

Output

skeeG rof skeeG

Time Complexity: O(n).

Using Split and iterator in Python

Implementation:

Python3




def rev_sentence(sentence):
  
    # first split the string into words
    words = sentence.split(' ')
    reverse_sentence=""
    for i in words:
        reverse_sentence+=i[::-1]+' '
    # then reverse the split string list and join using space
    
  
    # finally return the joined string
    return reverse_sentence
  
if __name__ == "__main__":
    input = 'geeks quiz practice code'
    print (rev_sentence(input))

Output

skeeg ziuq ecitcarp edoc 

Time Complexity: O(n)

Method: Using join and split functions

Implementation:

Python3




# Python code to reverse words
 
s = " Geeks for Geeks"
l = []
# splitting the string
s = s.split()
for i in s:
    # reversing each word
    l.append(i[::-1])
# printing string using join
 
# function after reversing the
# words
 
 
print(" ".join(l))

Output

skeeG rof skeeG


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