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HTML rowspan Attribute

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The rowspan attribute in HTML specifies the number of rows a cell should span. That is if a row spans two rows, it means it will take up the space of two rows in that table. It allows the single table cell to span the height of more than one cell or row. It provides the same functionality as “merge cell” in a spreadsheet program like Excel.

Note: The rowspan attribute when used with <td> tag determines the number of standard cells it should span. 

Syntax:

<td rowspan = "value">table content...</td>

Usage

It can be used with <td> and <th> elements in an HTML Table

Attribute Values:

Attribute Values

Description

number

Indicates how many rows a cell should cover. Using `rowspan=”0″` instructs the browser to extend the cell to the last row of the table section (thead, tbody, or foot).

Using with <td> tag

The rowspan attribute when used with <td> tag determines the number of standard cells it should span. 

Syntax:

<td rowspan = "value">table content...</td>
// The value specifies the number of
rows that the cell fills and it must be integer

Example: The implementation of rowspan attribute with the td attribute

html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>HTML rowspan Attribute</title>
    <style>
        table,
        th,
        td {
            border: 1px solid black;
            border-collapse: collapse;
            padding: 6px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body style="text-align:center">
 
    <h1 style="color: green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <h2>HTML rowspan Attribute</h2>
 
    <table>
        <tr>
            <th>Name</th>
            <th>Age</th>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Ajay</td>
            <!-- This cell will take up space on
                    two rows -->
            <td rowspan="2">24</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Priya</td>
        </tr>
    </table>
 
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output: 

rowspan

Using with <th> tag

The rowspan attribute when used with <th> tag determines the number of header cells it should span. 

Syntax:

<th rowspan = "value">table content...</th>

// The value specifies the number of
rows that the cell fills and it must be integer

Example: The implementation of rowspan attribute with th attribute

html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>HTML rowspan Attribute</title>
    <style>
        table,
        th,
        td {
            border: 1px solid black;
            border-collapse: collapse;
            padding: 6px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body style="text-align:center">
    <h1 style="color: green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <h2>HTML rowspan Attribute</h2>
 
    <table>
        <tr>
            <th>Name</th>
            <th>Age</th>
            <!-- This cell will take up space
                    in 3 rows -->
            <th rowspan="3">GeeksforGeeks</th>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Arun</td>
            <td>24</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td>Priya</td>
            <td>25</td>
        </tr>
    </table>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output: 

rowspan

Supported Browsers:

  • Google Chrome 1
  • Microsoft Edge 12
  • Firefox 1
  • Opera 12.1
  • Safari 1


Last Updated : 16 Jan, 2024
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