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HTML onhashchange Event Attribute

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HTML onhashchange Event Attribute works when there have been changes to the anchor part. The anchor part starts with the ‘#’ symbol of the current URL. It also enables the execution of a script or function on hash change and is used for dynamic web applications updating without full page reload. In order to trigger this event, we have a couple of options:

  • Modify the anchor section by updating the (location.hash) or (location.href) attribute of the Location Object.
  • Navigate to the current page with a distinct bookmark by using the “back” or “forward” buttons.
  • Click a hyperlink leading to a bookmark anchor.

Supported Tag

This event attribute supports the <body> tag.

Syntax

<element onhashchange = "script">

Attribute Value

This attribute contains a single value script and it runs when onhashchange event attribute is triggered. This attribute is associated with <body> tag only.

Example 1: This example illustraates the implementation of the onhashchange Event Attribute.

html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>onhashchange event attribute</title>
    <style>
        body {
            text-align: center;
        }
 
        h1 {
            color: green;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <h2>
        onhashchange event attribute
    </h2>
    <button onclick="changePart()">
        Try it
    </button>
    <div id="gfg"></div>
    <script>
        function changePart() {
            location.hash = "2";
            let geeks = "Anchor part: " + location.hash;
            document.getElementById("gfg").innerHTML = geeks;
        }
        function myFunction() {
            alert("The anchor part has changed!");
        }
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output: 

ae

Example 2: This is another example that illustraates the implementation of the onhashchange Event Attribute.

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
 
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport"
          content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <style>
        body {
            font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
            margin: 20px;
            display: flex;
            justify-content: center;
            align-items: center;
            flex-direction: column;
        }
 
        h1 {
            color: green;
        }
 
        h2 {
            color: crimson;
        }
 
        button {
            margin: 5px;
        }
 
        #output {
            border: 1px solid #ccc;
            padding: 10px;
            margin-top: 10px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
 
    <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <h2>onhashChange Example</h2>
 
    <button onclick="changeHash('#section1')">
        Change to Section 1
    </button>
    <button onclick="changeHash('#section2')">
        Change to Section 2'
    </button>
 
    <div id="output">
        Current Hash: <span id="currentHash">
            No hash
        </span>
    </div>
 
    <script>
        function HashHandle() {
            document.getElementById("currentHash").
            textContent = location.hash || "No hash";
        }
 
        function changeHash(newHash) {
            location.hash = newHash;
        }
 
        window.onhashchange = HashHandle;
        HashHandle();
    </script>
 
</body>
 
</html>

                    

Output:

as

Supported Browsers

  • Google Chrome 5 and above
  • Edge 8 and above
  • Firefox 3.6 and above
  • Opera 10.6 and above
  • Safari 5 and above


Last Updated : 11 Dec, 2023
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