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GUI Full Form

Last Updated : 01 Sep, 2023
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GUI is a user-friendly interface used to communicate with the help of electronic devices. It displays all the contents whether a text file or an object or pictures or videos and all the things that a user wants to visualize.


What is the full form of GUI?

GUI stands for Graphical User Interface. GUI interacts well and can be used everywhere whether a mobile phone, tablet, laptop, personal computer, and all the other electronic devices. It can be used best on the gaming side where the resolution is being considered. The basic GUI format is represented in the form of the diagram:

GUI introduction

GUI components

All the important GUI components are listed below


Pops up in the screen and proceeds to select objects.

Pointing tool

Picking up of objects is done by pointing tool, for example – Trackball, Mouse.


Refers to small images on the screen which represent commands, documents, and windows.


The screen that is contains the icons.

History of GUI

Earlier, there was no GUI so people used to interact with the command-line interface(CLI). The CLI was not that friendly to use and the end-user was not familiar with all the commands. So to bridge this gap, GUI was introduced. The main aim of the GUI was to make the applications much more user-friendly. People love when the task which they want to perform gets done easily and in an efficient manner. GUI stresses one of the most important aspects which is ease of use. The basic structure of GUI using implied authority is given in the following diagram

Basic Structure of GUI using implied authority

How Does GUI Works

Windows, icons, and menus are used by a GUI to execute operations including opening, deleting, and moving files. Although a mouse is typically used to browse a GUI operating system, a keyboard can also be used by employing keyboard shortcuts or the arrow keys.

On a GUI system, for instance, you would move the mouse pointer to the program’s icon and double-click it to open the program. To go to the directory holding the program, list the files, and then launch the file using a command line interface, you must be familiar with the commands.

GUI Examples

Ivan Sutherland at MIT created Sketchpad in 1962, which is thought to be the first graphic computer-aided design application. It featured a light pen that allowed users to create and alter things in engineering drawings in real time with coordinated graphics.

Virtually every interactive application, including ATMs, self-service checkouts, airline self-ticketing and check-in, video games, smartphones, and desktops, incorporates modern operating systems and graphical user interfaces. For desktop environments, examples of well-liked contemporary graphical user interfaces include Microsoft Windows, macOS, Ubuntu Unity, and GNOME Shell; for mobile platforms, examples include Android, Apple’s iOS, BlackBerry OS, Palm OS-WebOS, Windows 10 Mobile, and Firefox OS.

Benefits of GUI

  • As mentioned above they are user-friendly i.e. very easy to use.
  • A GUI consists of different characteristics such as a Menu, Tabs, Pointers, and many more kinds of stuff.
  • The icons represent on the user interface represent the software or the file or some application required on the screen.
  • Graphical User Interface is pretty simple and convenient for beginners to understand.
  • It is very intuitive and user-friendly and can be used by anyone.
  • End-user need not memorize commands to perform actions in the application.

Limitations of GUI

  • A bad GUI always create a problem for gamers as it creates a bad impact on them
  • A GUI that is not user-friendly can mislead the user and the efficiency of completing the work reduces.


Q.1: What are three types of GUI?


The three types of software that make up a GUI program are:

  • the Graphical User Interface’s make up by graphical components.
  • methods for listeners that receive events and react to them.
  • Application techniques that benefit the user.

Q.2: What are the 5 elements of a GUI?


A pointer, icons, windows, menus, scroll bars, and a user-friendly input device are the fundamental components of a GUI.

Q.3: What is the first GUI operating system?


The Alto personal computer was developed by Xerox PARC in 1973. It was the first computer to employ the desktop metaphor and a graphical user interface (GUI), and it had a bitmapped screen.

Q.4: Is GUI a command line?


Users can communicate with an operating system using either a graphical user interface (GUI) or a command-line interface (CLI).

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