Flip-flop is a circuit that maintains a state until directed by input to change the state. A basic flip-flop can be constructed using four-NAND or four-NOR gates.**Types of flip-flops:**

- RS Flip Flop
- JK Flip Flop
- D Flip Flop
- T Flip Flop

Logic diagrams and truth tables of the different types of flip-flops are as follows:

## S-R Flip Flop :

## J-K Flip Flop:

## D Flip Flop :

## T Flip Flop :

## Conversion for FlipFlops :-

**EXCITATION TABLE**:

**Steps To Convert from One FlipFlop to Other** :

Let there be required flipflop to be constructed using sub-flipflop:

- Draw the truth table of required flipflop.
- Write the corresponding outputs of sub-flipflop to be used from the excitation table.
- Draw K-Maps using required flipflop inputs and obtain excitation functions for sub-flipflop inputs.
- Construct logic diagram according to the functions obtained.

**i) Convert SR To JK FlipFlop**

ii) Convert SR To D FlipFlop:

**Excitation Functions:**

S = D

R = D^{‘}

**Applications of Flip-Flops**

These are the various types of flip-flops being used in digital electronic circuits and the applications of Flip-flops are as specified below.

- Counters
- Frequency Dividers
- Shift Registers
- Storage Registers
- Bounce elimination switch
- Data storage
- Data transfer
- Latch
- Registers
- Memory

This article is contributed by **Kriti Kushwaha **.

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