Difference between Swift and Objective C
1. Swift :
Swift is a general-purpose, compiled, high-level programming language which is designed by Apple in 2014. It was developed by Chris Lattner with eventual collaboration with other programmers at Apple. It has object-oriented features of Objective-C and has similar syntax. In 1980s, the swift language was used for NeXTSTEP development and in the end for macOS and iOS. Swift handles some programming obstacles. Like.
- It prevents integers from overflowing their allotted memory.
- It automatically manages memory.
- It initializes variables before obstacles are in used.
It is optimized for Apple hardware so, it can performed better than other language.
Pros of Swift :
- In 2018 swift was in 14th ranked among the most popular programming languages.
- As the performance of swift, it is 2.6x faster than Objective C and 8.4x faster than python.
- It got an encouraging syntax that make you write clean and consistent code.
- It provides improve readability and prevent errors.
Cons of Swift :
- The cons in swift was it can only be used to develop application that targets iOS7 or later.
- Swift may be the fastest language in the era but still it is still so young and need to be fix some issues.
- This language got limited talent pool.
- In swift, there is a lot lack of support for earlier iOS version.
2. Objective C :
Objective C is an general purpose, object-oriented programming language. It was developed by Brad Cox and Tom Love at their company Stepstone. Where C is a Procedural Oriented Language, Objective C adds syntax and semantics that allows for an object oriented language. This is also called as Obj C in programming language. It is a type of programming language that used in the OS X and iOS OS and their APIs. Originally it developed by Brad Cox and Tom Love at their company Stepstone in 1980s. Objective C adds to a new language features in C Programming language. ‘.m’ source code is the extensions used for Objective C.
Pros of Objective C :
- As the language was implemented on existing C compilers as a pre processor a GCC module.
- Objective C is more compatible with
- Objective C is more stable.
- In Objective C, the usages of private APIs is easier.
Cons of Objective C :
- As a cons Objective C does not supports operator overloading like C++.
- The first version of Objective C does not supports garbage collection, but still it uses a little runtime written in C which added to the size of the application.
- Since it was based on C Compilers, it is dependent on a header file to work well.
- The language Objective C is a little complex but this is expected as a fairly old language.
Difference between Swift and Objective C :
|01.||Swift is a general-purpose, high-level programming language which is highly concerned about safety, performance.||Objective C is an general purpose language which is considered as superset of C language it was designed in an aim of providing object-oriented capabilities.|
|02.||It was developed by Chris Lattner with eventual collaboration with other programmers at Apple.||It was developed by Brad Cox and Tom Love at their company Stepstone.|
|03.||It was influenced by Objective C, Rust, Ruby, Python.||It was influenced by C and Smalltalk.|
|04.||Swift was first appeared on the year 2014.||Objective C was first appeared on the year 1984.|
|05.||Swift is static type.||Objective C is dynamic type.|
|06.||Swift is apache licensed open source project.||Objective C is licensed under General Public License.|
|07.||It only have classes.||It has both Structs and classes.|
|08.||It was designed for building apps for iOS, Mac, Apple TV and Apple Watch.||Objective C was designed to be smalltalk messaging features.|
|09.||Swift polymorphism does not exist directly.||Polymorphism in Objective C exist directly in compile time.|
|10.||It uses true and false values.||It uses YES and NO values and also BOOl.|
|11.||Swift has multiple types of templates than Objective C.||Objective C has lacks of templates than Swift.|