Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Class 10 RD Sharma Solutions – Chapter 8 Quadratic Equations – Exercise 8.9
  • Last Updated : 08 Dec, 2020

Question 1: Ashu is x years old while his mother Mrs. Veena is  x2 years old. Five years  hence Mrs.  Veena  will be three times old as Ashu. Find their present ages.

Solution:

 Ashu’s present age is =  x years

 and Mrs. Veena’s present age is = x years

 Now five years hence,

 Mrs. Veena’s age will be = (x2 + 5) years



 and Ashu’s age will be = (x + 5) years 

 So according to the question-

 ⇒ Mrs. Veena’s age = Three times of the Ashu’s age

 ⇒ x2 + 5 = 3(x + 5)

 ⇒ x2 + 5 = 3x + 15

 ⇒ x2 – 3x – 10 = 0

Now for factorizing above quadratic equation-

Break coefficient of x in difference form as constant term is negative-

 ⇒ x2 – (5-2)x – 10 = 0

 ⇒ x2 – 5x + 2x – 10 = 0

 ⇒ x(x – 5) + 2(x – 5) = 0

⇒ (x – 5)(x + 2) = 0

⇒ Either x – 5 = 0       or     x + 2 = 0

              x = 5            or      x = -2 

So on discarding x = -2 (because age can not be negative)-

Mrs. Veena’s present age = x2 = 25 years

and Ashu’s present age = x = 5 years

Question 2:  The sum of the ages of a man and his son is 45 years. Five years ago, the product of their ages was four times the man’s age at that time. Find their present ages.

Solution: 



Let present age of man = x years

And given,  

Man’s present age + son’s present  age = 45 years

⇒ Son’s present age = (45 – x) years.

Now Five years ago-

⇒ Age of man = (x – 5) years

and age of his son = (45-x) – 5     years

⇒ son’s age = (40-x) years

Now according to question (five years ago) –

Product of their ages = four times the man’s age at that time

⇒ (x – 5)(40 – x) = 4(x – 5)

⇒ (x – 5)(40 – x) – 4(x – 5) = 0

⇒ (x – 5)(40 – x – 4) = 0               [by taking common (x-5)]

⇒ (x – 5)(x – 36) = 0

⇒ either x – 5 = 0        or       x – 36 = 0

Now in first case if we take x = 5 then 

Man’s age = 5 years

His son’s age = 40 years (It is not possible)

so x = 36

⇒ Present age of Man = x = 36 years

⇒ and present age of his son = (45 – x) = 9 years

Question 3: The product of Shikha’s age five years ago and her age 8 years later is 30, her age at both times being given in years. Find her present age.

Solution:

Let the present age of Shikha is = x years

So five years ago Shikha’s age was = (x – 5) years

And 8 years later Shikha’s age will be = (x + 8) years

Now according to question-

⇒ (five years ago Shikha’s age) × (8 years later Shikha’s age) = 30

⇒ (x – 5)(x + 8) = 30

⇒ x2 + 3x – 40 = 30

⇒ x2 + 3x – 70 = 0

⇒ x2 + (10 – 7)x – 70 = 0 [when constant term is negative always 

                                         break the coefficient of x in the difference form]

⇒ x2 + 10x – 7x – 70 = 0

⇒ x(x + 10) – 7(x + 10) = 0

⇒ (x + 10)(x – 7) = 0                             [after factorization]

⇒ Either x + 10 = 0             or          x – 7 = 0

              x = -10            or          x = 7

⇒ x = -10 is not valid as age can never be negative

So taking x = 7

Means present age of Shikha is 7 years.

Question 4: The product of Ramu’s age (in years) five years ago and his age (in years) nine years later is 15. Determine Ramu’s present age.

Solution:

Let the present age of Ramu = x years

So,

Five years ago Ramu’s age was = (x-5) years

And Nine years later Ramu’s age will be = (x+9) years

Now according to question –

(Five years ago Ramu’s age)×(Nine years later Ramu’s age) = 15

⇒ (x-5)(x+9) = 15

⇒ x2 + 4x – 45 = 15

⇒ x2 + 4x – 60 = 0

Now performing factorization—

⇒ x2 + (10 – 6)x – 60 = 0

⇒ x2 + 10x – 6x – 60 = 0

⇒ x(x + 10) – 6(x + 10) = 0

⇒ (x + 10)(x – 6) = 0

⇒ Either x + 10 = 0             or          x – 6 = 0

              x = -10                  or          x = 6

So x = -10 is not valid as age can never be negative,

⇒ Taking x = 6

Means present age of Ramu is 6 years.         

Question 5: Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages. The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48.

Solution:

Let A and B are two friends.

And age of A is = x years

Now According to the First condition –

(Age of A) + (Age of B) = 20

⇒ x + (Age of B) = 20

⇒ Age of B = (20 – x) years 

So four years ago,

A’s age was = (x – 4) years

and B’s age was = (20 – x – 4)= (16 – x) years

Now coming to the Second condition –

(A’s age) × (B’s age) = 48

⇒ (x-4)(16-x) = 48

⇒ 16x – x2 – 64 + 4x = 48

⇒ -x2 + 20x – 112 = 0

⇒ x2 – 20x + 112 = 0      ———————————–(1)

Now checking for Discriminatnt (D) = b2 – 4ac

Comparing  equaton(1) with ax2 + bx + c = 0—

⇒ a = 1, b = -20, c = 112

⇒ D = (-20)2 – 4 * 1 * 112

⇒ D = 400 – 448

⇒ D = -48

⇒ D < 0

So roots are imaginary means.

Therefore, above given situations are not possible.

Question 6: A girl is twice as old as her sister. Four years hence, the product of their ages (in years) will be 160. Find their present ages.

Solution:

Let present age of girl is = 2x years 

So present age of her sister = x years         [because girl is twice as old as her sister

                                                                    so sister’s age will be half that of girl’s age]

Now four years hence-

Girl’s age will be = (2x + 4) years

and sister’s age will be = (x + 4) years

Now according to given condition —

⇒ (Girl’s age) × (sister’s) = 160

⇒ (2x+4)(x+4) = 160

⇒ 2x2 + 8x + 4x + 16 = 160

⇒ 2x2 + 12x + 16 -160 = 0

⇒ 2x2 + 12x – 144 = 0

⇒ x2 + 6x – 72 = 0

⇒ x2 + 12x – 6x – 72 =0

⇒ x(x + 12) – 6(x + 12) = 0 

⇒ (x – 6)(x + 12) = 0

⇒ Either x – 6 = 0      or      x + 12 = 0

              x = 6       or          x = -12 

But x =-12 is not possible as age can never be negative

So taking x = 6

⇒ Present age of Girl = 2x = 12 years

and present age of her sister = x = 6 years.

Question 7: The sum of the reciprocals of Rehman’s ages (in years) 3 years ago and 5 years from now is 1/3. Find his present age.     

Solution: 

Let Rehman’s present age = x years

So three years ago Rehman’s age was = (x-3) years

and five years after Rahman’s age will be = (x+5) years

Now according to given condition-

⇒ [1/(three years ago Rehman’s age)] + [1/(five years after Rahman’s age)] = 1/3

⇒ [1/(x – 3)] + [1/(x + 5)] = 1/3

⇒ (x + 5) + (x – 3) = (x + 5)(x – 3)/3 [after taking LCM and transferring denominator of LHS to the RHS]

⇒ 3(2x + 2) = (x2 + 2x – 15)               [multiplying by 3]

⇒ 6x + 6 = x2 + 2x – 15

⇒ x2 – 4x – 21 = 0

⇒ x2 – (7 – 3)x  – 21 = 0        [by factorization law]

⇒ x2 – 7x + 3x – 21 = 0

⇒ x(x – 7) + 3(x – 7) = 0

⇒ (x – 7)(x + 3) = 0 

⇒ Either x – 7 = 0         or          x + 3 = 0

              x = 7       or          x = -3

But x = -3 is not possible as age can never be negative.

So taking x = 7 —

Means present age of Rehman = 7 years.

Question 8: If Zeba were younger by 5 years than what she really is, then the square of her age (in years) would have been 11 more than 5 times her actual age. What is her age now?

Solution: 

Let Zeba’s present age (actual age) is = x years 

So her age if she were 5 years younger = (x – 5) years       

Now according to condition-

⇒ (x – 5)2 = 5x + 11

⇒ x2 – 10x + 25 = 5x + 11

⇒ x2 – 15x + 14 = 0

⇒ x2 – (14 + 1)x + 14 = 0

⇒ x2 -14x – x + 14 = 0

⇒ x(x – 14) – (x – 14) = 0

⇒ (x – 14)(x – 1) = 0

⇒ Either x – 1 = 0           or          x – 14 = 0

But if x – 1 = 0 ⇒ x = 1, so in this case situation when she was 5 years younger is not possible.

Therefore, taking x – 14 = 0

⇒ x = 14

means Zeba’s present age is = 14 years

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :