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Builtin functions of GCC compiler

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 13 Oct, 2021

These are four important built-in functions in GCC compiler: 
 

  1. __builtin_popcount(x): This function is used to count the number of one’s(set bits) in an integer. 
    Example: 
     
if x = 4
binary value of 4 is 100
Output: No of ones is 1.
  1.  

C




// C program to illustrate _builtin_popcount(x)
 
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    int n = 5;
     
    printf("Count of 1s in binary of %d is %d ",
           n, __builtin_popcount(n));
    return 0;
}
  1.  
Output: 
Count of 1s in binary of 5 is 2

 

  1. Note: Similarly you can use __builtin_popcountl(x) & __builtin_popcountll(x) for long and long long data types.
  2. __builtin_parity(x): This function is used to check the parity of a number. This function returns true(1) if the number has odd parity else it returns false(0) for even parity. 
    Example: 
     
if x = 7
7 has odd no. of 1's in its binary(111).
Output: Parity of 7 is 1 
  1.  

C




// C program to illustrate _builtin_parity(x)
 
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    int n = 7;
     
    printf("Parity of %d is %d ",
           n, __builtin_parity(n));
    return 0;
}
  1.  
Output: 
Parity of 7 is 1

 

  1. Note: Similarly you can use __builtin_parityl(x) & __builtin_parityll(x) for long and long long data types.
  2. __builtin_clz(x): This function is used to count the leading zeros of the integer. Note : clz = count leading zero’s 
    Example: It counts number of zeros before the first occurrence of one(set bit). 
     
a = 16
Binary form of 16 is 00000000 00000000 00000000 00010000
Output: 27
  1.  

C




// C program to illustrate __builtin_clz(x)
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    int n = 16;
     
    printf("Count of leading zeros before 1 in %d is %d",
           n, __builtin_clz(n));
    return 0;
}
  1.  
Output: 
Count of leading zeros before 1 in 16 is 27

 

  1. Note: __builtin_clz(x) This function only accept unsigned values 
    Note: Similarly you can use __builtin_clzl(x) & __builtin_clzll(x) for long and long long data types.
  2. __builtin_ctz(x): This function is used to count the trailing zeros of the given integer. Note : ctz = count trailing zeros. 
    Example: Count no of zeros from last to first occurrence of one(set bit). 
     
a = 16
Binary form of 16 is 00000000 00000000 00000000 00010000
Output: ctz = 4
  1.  

C




// C program to illustrate __builtin_ctz(x)
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    int n = 16;
     
    printf("Count of zeros from last to first "
           "occurrence of one is %d",
           __builtin_ctz(n));
    return 0;
}
  1.  
Output: 
Count of zeros from last to first occurrence of one is 4

 

  1. Note: Similarly you can use __builtin_ctzl(x) & __builtin_ctzll(x) for long and long long data types.


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