Python | Extending and customizing django-allauth

Prerequisite: Django-allauth setup and Configuration

Let’s deal with customizing django-allauth signup forms, intervening in registration flow to add custom process and validations.

Extending Signup Form or adding custom fields in django-allauth:
One of the most common queries about allauth is about adding additional fields or custom fields to the signup form. You can extend the SignupForm class from allauth.account.forms. All you need to do is create a custom class pass the SignupForm to the custom class and define the custom fields and save it. It’s vital to return the user object as it will be passed to other modules for validations. You also need to include a variable in settings.py.



Let’s see this using an example forms.py

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from allauth.account.forms import SignupForm
from django import forms</code></pre>
  
class CustomSignupForm(SignupForm):
    first_name = forms.CharField(max_length=30, label='First Name')
    last_name = forms.CharField(max_length=30, label='Last Name')

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def signup(self, request, user):
     user.first_name = self.cleaned_data['first_name']
     user.last_name = self.cleaned_data['last_name']
     user.save()
     return user

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In the above snippet CustomSignupForm is extended the class which inherits all the features of SignupForm class and adds the necessary features. Here custom fields by the name first_nameand last_name are created and saved in using the signup module in the same class.

The ACCOUNT_FORMS in settings.py for the above code is

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ACCOUNT_FORMS = {
'signup': 'YourProject.forms.CustomSignupForm',
}

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Any other custom forms created can be extended in ACCOUNT_FORMS. The list is illustrated in the documentation.

Similarly, LoginForm UserForm AddEmailForm and others can be extended. However, remember that when you extend these forms and link them in settings.py. Don’t forget to pass the original form (For example SignupForm) as a parameter to your class and sometimes you might have to handle custom validations and return user or some other value. Please refer to the source code to follow the correct flow.
 
User Intervention and Custom validations:
Let’s discuss adding custom validations and intervening in the user registration flow. DefaultAccountAdapter is very useful and indeed can be used to solve most of the customization problems that a user might encounter while using django-allauth.

Example #1: Restricted List of email’s
After figuring out a way to store and fetch the restricted list, you can use the adapters and raise validation error in the registration form when a restricted email tries to register. Extend a DefaultAccountAdapter and override the clean_email method. Create an adapter.py in your project directory and extend the default adapter class.

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from allauth.account.adapter import DefaultAccountAdapter
from django.forms import ValidationError
  
class RestrictEmailAdapter(DefaultAccountAdapter):
    def clean_email(self, email):
        RestrictedList = ['Your restricted list goes here.']
        if email in RestrictedList
            raise ValidationError('You are restricted from registering.\
                                                  Please contact admin.')
        return email

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Finally, point the account adapter in settings.py to your extended class. ACCOUNT_ADAPTER = 'YourProject.adapter.RestrictEmailAdapter'

Example #2: Add a Maximum length to a username
As ACCOUNT_USERNAME_MAX_LENGTH doesn’t exist in the allauth library, DefaultAccountAdaptercan be used to achieve this feature without much pain. Extend the DefaultAccountAdapterclass and overriding the clean_username method. You need to also reference the clean_username once again after our custom validation to complete other inbuilt validations.

The Last sentence in the above paragraph is the key to work with DefaultAccountAdapter. You should never forget to reference the original module name for the module to complete other validations.

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from allauth.account.adapter import DefaultAccountAdapter
from django.forms import ValidationError
  
class UsernameMaxAdapter(DefaultAccountAdapter):
    def clean_username(self, username):
        if len(username) > 'Your Max Size':
            raise ValidationError('Please enter a username value\
                                      less than the current one')
          
        # For other default validations.
        return DefaultAccountAdapter.clean_username(self, username) 

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Finally, point to the subclass in your settings.py

ACCOUNT_ADAPTER = 'YourProject.adapter.UsernameMaxAdapter'

You can refer to adapters.py file in the source code and extend other modules and add a process or change their flow. The modules such as populate_username, clean_password (which can be customized to restrict commonly used passwords) can have the custom process and flow without rewriting them.

DefaultAccountAdapter can be a potent tool if used in right circumstances to intervene in allauth’s default process. allauth comes with a vast variety inbuilt settings, and they are here. You can also download the entire source code from the link in the references below.

References:
django-allauth documentation
stack overflow thread on Example 1



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Improved By : Akanksha_Rai