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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Last Updated : 22 Apr, 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography helps students prepare well for their yearly exams. The teachers focus on making concepts clear to Class 9 students. Sometimes, answering questions from the textbook can be tough because the chapters are mostly theoretical. However, with NCERT solutions, students can understand the chapters better and revise the entire syllabus before the exam.

These solutions cover all the questions in the NCERT Class 9 textbook. If a student struggles to find an answer, they can refer to these solutions. The answers include detailed explanations, which are helpful for exam preparation. Students using the NCERT Class 9 Social Science solutions are likely to get higher marks in their exams.

In this article, we will discuss NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife.


NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography are created by in-house subject specialists with extensive teaching experience. The PDF versions of solutions for each chapter are freely available for download. Students who struggle with questions from the NCERT Textbook can use these solutions for reference. The faculty develop these solutions to assist students in achieving higher scores in the Class 9 exam, regardless of their intellectual abilities.

Here are the solutions as mentioned below.

1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below:

(i) Which of the following types of vegetation does rubber belong to?

(a) Tundra, (b) Himalayan, (c) Tidal, (d) Tropical Evergreen


(d) Tropical Evergreen

(ii) Cinchona trees are found in areas of rainfall more than

(a) 100 cm, (b) 70 cm, (c) 50 cm, (d) less than 50 cm


(a) 100 cm

(iii) In which of the following state is the Simlipal bio-reserve located?

(a) Punjab, (b) Delhi, (c) Odisha, (d) West Bengal


(c) Odisha

(iv) Which one of the following bio-reserves of India is not included in the world network of bio reserves?

(a) Manas, (b) Gulf of Mannar, (c) Nilgiri, (d) Nanda Devi


(a) Manas

2. Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) What factors are responsible for the distribution of plants and animals in India?


Climatic conditions:

  1. Temperature
  2. Humidity
  3. Photoperiod
  4. Precipitation


  1. Land
  2. Soil

(ii) What is a bio-reserve? Give two examples.


Bio-reserves are protected areas. This is done to protect natural vegetation, wildlife and the environment.


  1. Sunderbans
  2. Gulf of Mannar

(iii) Name two animals having habitats in the tropical and montane types of vegetation.



Tiger, Elephant.


Snow Leopard

3. Distinguish between

(i) Flora and Fauna


The plant species of a particular region is called flora, and the animal species of a particular region is called fauna.

(ii) Tropical evergreen and deciduous forests


Tropical Evergreen Forests:

  1. They are called rainforests.
  2. No definite time for trees to shed leaves.
  3. Rainfall is more than 200 cm.

Tropical Deciduous Forests:

  1. They are called monsoon forests.
  2. Trees shed leaves for about six to eight weeks in the dry summer.
  3. The rainfall range is between 200 cm to 70 cm.

4. Name different types of vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.


The different types of vegetation found in India are listed below:

  1. Tropical evergreen forests
  2. Tropical deciduous forests
  3. Tropical thorn forests and scrubs
  4. Montane forests
  5. Mangrove forests

The characteristics of vegetation in high altitudes are as follows:

  1. Alpine vegetation is found in altitudes above 3600 m.
  2. Trees in these areas are junipers, birches and pines.

5. Several species of plants and animals are endangered in India. Why?


The reasons are as follows:

  1. Increasing population
  2. Pollution
  3. Deforestation
  4. Hunting by poachers.

6. Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?


  1. India is a country with diverse relief features
  2. Availability of different types of soil
  3. Variation in climatic conditions

Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Summary

Our country India is one of the 12 countries in the world with extensive biodiversity. It boasts approximately 47,000 plant species, ranking tenth globally and fourth in Asia for plant variety. The abundant wildlife and diverse vegetation contribute to India’s status as one of the most biologically rich nations. Students will explore the varying climatic conditions across different regions of the country. The term “flora” refers to the plants found in a specific area or era, while “fauna” denotes the animal species. Below are additional significant aspects of the country’s natural vegetation:

1. Relief: Land and Soil

2. Climate

  1. Temperature
  2. Photoperiod
  3. Precipitation

3. Types of Vegetation

  1. Tropical Evergreen Forests
  2. Tropical Deciduous Forests
  3. Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
  4. Montane Forests
  5. Mangrove Forests

India has around 90,000 different kinds of animals. We have about 2,000 types of birds, making up 13% of all the birds in the world. We also have 2,546 kinds of fish, which is almost 12% of the world’s total. Plus, we have about 5 to 8% of all the world’s amphibians, reptiles, and mammals.

Also Read:

Natural Vegetation in India

Forest and Wildlife Resources

Conservation of Forest and Wildlife

Types of Natural Vegetation in India

Types and Distribution of Forest and Wildlife Resources

FAQs – NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

What is wildlife Class 9 notes?

The wildlife includes mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects, freshwater, and marine fishes. The natural vegetation of a place refers to the plants naturally growing there without human interference or aid and has been left undisturbed for a long time. It is also termed virgin vegetation.

What is natural vegetation and wildlife in geography?

India also has approximately 90,000 species of animals, as well as, a rich variety of fish in its fresh and marine waters. Natural vegetation refers to a plant community, which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time. This is termed as a virgin vegetation.

What is wildlife short note?

Wildlife refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans. Wildlife was also synonymous to game: those birds and mammals that were hunted for sport. Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems.

What is natural vegetation and wildlife Class 9 notes?

India has rich vegetation of 47,000 plant species and 90,000 animal species. Flora refers to various plant species, while Fauna refers to various animal species. Land, soil, temperature, photoperiod, and precipitation are the factors responsible for varieties of vegetation.

What is Virgin Forest Class 9?

An old-growth forest – also termed primary forest,virgin forest, late seral forest or primeval forest – is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community.

What is climate class 9?

Climate refers to the sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for a long period of time (more than thirty years). Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere over an area at any point of time.

What is natural vegetation in detail?

Natural vegetation implies plants that have not been developed and processed naturally by mankind. They have been left undisturbed by humankind for a long period of time. The types of natural vegetation differ according to precipitation, soil, climate, and topography.

Why is natural vegetation and wildlife important class 9?

Plants provide us with timber, give shelter to animals, produce oxygen, control soil erosion and give us fruits, nuts, latex, paper and medicinal plants. Wildlife includes animals, birds, insects and aquatic life forms. They provide us milk, meat, hides and wool.

What is wildlife class 9th?

It refers to undomesticated animal species, although it now includes all animals that evolve or exist in the wild in an environment free of human intervention. Biodiversity may be present in all ecosystems.

What is wildlife in India Class 9?

Our country has more than 89,000 of animal species. It has more than 1200 species of birds. They constitute 13% of the world’s total. There are 2500 species of fish, which account for nearly 12% of the world’s stock.

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