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NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur

Last Updated : 28 Mar, 2024
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NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur: NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 – The Story of Village Palampur provides answers to the exercises given in the economics textbook. These solutions assist Class 9 students in improving their answer-writing skills effectively. As the solutions are sourced from the NCERT textbooks, they are valuable resources for school exams.

The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur contains the answers to the questions and will help the students to perform better in the examinations.


NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 1: The Story of Village Palampur

The solutions for Chapter 1 of The Story of Village Palampur are provided below. Students can also access NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects.

Exercises Page No 14

1. Every village in India is surveyed once in ten years during the Census and some of details are presented in the following format. Fill up the following based on information on Palampur.

(a) Location – Bulandshahr district, Western Uttar Pradesh

(b) Total Area of the Village – 226 hectares

(c) Land Use(in hectares) – Cultivated Land not available for cultivation (Area covering dwellings, roads, ponds, grazing ground)

200 hectares –26 hectares

(d) Facilities: Educational: There are two primary schools and one high school in Palampur.

Medical: A primary health centre was run by the government, also there was a private dispensary to treat sick people.

Market: Raiganj and Shahpur

Communication: Well-connected with neighbouring villages and towns. 3 kms from Palampur.

Electricity Supply: Most of the houses had electric connections and it was also used to run the tube wells in fields.

Nearest Town: Raiganj, because many roads are connected to the Raiganj and to Shahpur.

2. Modern farming methods require more inputs which are manufactured in industries. Do you agree?

Yes, it’s true that modern farming needs more things from industries. This is because modern farming uses special seeds that give more crops, but they need chemicals like fertilizers and pesticides. Also, they need machines like tractors and irrigation systems, which are made in industries. But in traditional farming, they use simpler seeds and natural things like cow dung for fertilizer, so they don’t need as much from industries.

3. How did the spread of electricity help farmers in Palampur?

The spread of electricity helped farmers in Palampur by transforming their irrigation system. Before electricity, they used Persian wheels to draw water from wells for irrigation. However, with the introduction of electricity, electric tube wells replaced these traditional methods. The government installed the first tube well, and later, farmers installed their own. This transition enabled them to efficiently irrigate their fields, leading to increased agricultural productivity.

4. Is it important to increase the area under irrigation? Why?

Yes, it is really important to water more land for farming. This is because many people depend on farming for their living, especially in places like India. Sometimes, the rain doesn’t come when it’s needed, and that can be a big problem for farmers. By using irrigation to water more land, farmers can grow crops more reliably, even if there’s not enough rain. This helps them grow more food and earn a better living. Also, irrigation lets farmers use land that wouldn’t be good for farming otherwise. So, by watering more land, farmers can grow more crops, make more money, and keep their families fed.

5. Construct a table on the distribution of land among the 450 families of Palampur.

The distribution of land among the 450 families of Palampur is as given below:

Area of land Cultivated Number of Families
0 150
Less than 2 hectares 240
More than 2 hectares 60

6. Why are the wages for farm labourers in Palampur less than minimum wages?

In Palampur, numerous landless farm laborers receive wages below the government’s mandated minimum. Although the official wage rate is set at Rs 300 per day, the intense competition for available work leads many laborers to accept lower wages.

7. In your region, talk to two labourers. Choose either farm labourers or labourers working at construction sites. What wages do they get? Are they paid in cash or kind? Do they get work regularly? Are they in debt?

The laborers working at construction sites in Palampur receive daily wages of Rs. 600. They are paid in cash for their regular work and do not have any debts.

8. What are the different ways of increasing production on the same piece of land? Use examples to explain.

One way to produce more on the same land is by growing more than one crop in a year, which is called multiple cropping. For example, in Palampur, farmers grow crops like jowar and bajra during the rainy season, followed by potatoes between October and December, and wheat during the winter season.

Another way is to use modern farming techniques like high-yielding seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides to improve crop yields.

Also, having good irrigation systems to provide water to crops throughout the year can help increase production.

Lastly, planting trees alongside crops, known as agroforestry, can also boost production and offer other benefits like protecting the soil and supporting biodiversity.

By using these methods, farmers can produce more food from the same piece of land.

9. Describe the work of a farmer with 1 hectare of land.

A small farmer has only a hectare of land. Because the land is small, the farmer may not get much produce. So, the farmer needs money to improve the yield. The farmer borrows money from a moneylender, but the interest rate is high. Sometimes, the farmer even has to work for the moneylender. After farming, the produce is divided for personal use and for selling. Most of the profit goes to the moneylender, leaving very little for the farmer. The farmer mostly relies on family for help.

10. How do the medium and large farmers obtain capital for farming? How is it different from the small farmers?

Large and medium farmers sell extra farm products to earn money. They save some of this money to buy things they need for farming in the next season. Some farmers lend their savings to small farmers who need money, but they charge high interest rates. By the next season, they get back the money they lent. This way, they use their own savings to get capital for farming. Some farmers also use their savings to buy things like cattle, trucks, or even set up shops.

11. On what terms did Savita get a loan from Tejpal Singh? Would Savita’s condition be different if she could get a loan from the bank at a low rate of interest?

Savita borrowed money from Tejpal Singh at an interest rate of 24% for four months. She had to work for Tejpal Singh as a farm labourer during the harvest season, earning Rs 100 per day.

If Savita had taken the loan from a bank, the situation would have been better. The interest rate would have been lower than what Tejpal Singh charged. Also, she would have been able to focus entirely on her own field during the harvest time.

12. Talk to some old residents in your region and write a short report on the changes in irrigation and changes in production methods during the last 30 years.

In the last 30 years, there have been many changes in how farms are watered and how crops are grown. Instead of canals, farmers now use tube wells and electric pumps to get water. Also, instead of using bullocks, farmers now use tractors on bigger farms.

13. What are the non-farm production activities taking place in your region? Make a short list.

The non-farm activities happening in our region are:

  1. General Stores
  2. Dairy Farming
  3. Transportation
  4. Fishing

14. What can be done so that more non-farm production activities can be started in villages?

Answer – To support the establishment of more non-farm production activities in villages, several measures can be taken:

  1. Offer loans at lower interest rates for starting these businesses.
  2. Create good markets for selling their products.
  3. Improve transportation links between villages and cities for selling goods and earning more money.

The Story of Village Palampur Summary

The Story of Village Palampur” is a chapter in the NCERT Economics book that talks about how people in a rural village called Palampur earn a living. Here’s a simple summary of what the chapter covers:

  1. How Things are Made: People use different things to make products. Some are fixed, like buildings and machines, while others, like raw materials and money, are used up as they work.
  2. Farming in Palampur: Farmers in Palampur grow crops like wheat and sugarcane. They use different methods and tools to farm, and they need land, workers, and money to do it.
  3. Other Jobs in Palampur: Besides farming, people in Palampur also do other jobs like running small shops or transporting goods. These jobs help them earn money too.

NCERT Solutions Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur FAQs

What is the significance of the story of Village Palampur in economics?

The story of Village Palampur helps us understand the basic concepts of production, factors of production, and different types of economic activities in rural areas.

What are the main features of the production process in Palampur?

The main features include farming as the primary activity, use of modern farming methods, multiple cropping, and the presence of non-farming activities like dairy farming and transportation.

How does the chapter explain the concept of fixed and working capital?

Fixed capital refers to the long-term assets like buildings and machinery used in production, while working capital includes short-term resources like raw materials and money used in day-to-day operations.

What challenges do farmers in Palampur face in terms of land and irrigation?

Farmers face challenges such as small landholdings, dependence on rainfall, and the need for irrigation facilities. They use traditional methods like Persian wheels but are gradually adopting modern methods like electric tube wells.

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