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Largest of two distinct numbers without using any conditional statements or operators
  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 23 Dec, 2019

Given two positive and distinct numbers, the task is to find the greatest of two given numbers without using any conditional statements(if…) and operators(?: in C/C++/Java).

Examples:

Input: a = 14, b = 15
Output: 15

Input: a = 1233133, b = 124
Output: 1233133

The Approach is to return the value on the basis of the below expression:

a * (bool)(a / b) + b * (bool)(b / a)

The expression a / b will give 1 if a > b and 0 if a < b (only after typecasting the result to bool).
Hence, the answer will be of the form either a + 0 or 0 + b depending upon which one is greater.

C++

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// C++ program for above implementation
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to find the largest number
int largestNum(int a, int b)
{
    return a * (bool)(a / b) + b * (bool)(b / a);
}
  
// Drivers code
int main()
{
    int a = 22, b = 1231;
    cout << largestNum(a, b);
  
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Java program for above implementation
class GFG 
{
  
    // Function to find the largest number
    static int largestNum(int a, int b) 
    {
        return a * ((a / b) > 0 ? 1 : 0) + b * ((b / a) > 0 ? 1 : 0);
    }
  
    // Drivers code
    public static void main(String[] args) 
    {
        int a = 22, b = 1231;
        System.out.print(largestNum(a, b));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

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Python3

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# Function to find the largest number
def largestNum(a, b):
    return a * (bool)(a // b) + \
           b * (bool)(b // a);
  
# Driver Code
a = 22;
b = 1231;
print(largestNum(a, b));
  
# This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

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C#

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// C# program for above implementation
using System;
  
class GFG 
{
  
    // Function to find the largest number
    static int largestNum(int a, int b) 
    {
        return a * ((a / b) > 0 ? 1 : 0) + b * ((b / a) > 0 ? 1 : 0);
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void Main(String[] args) 
    {
        int a = 22, b = 1231;
        Console.Write(largestNum(a, b));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji

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PHP

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<?php
// PHP program for above implementation
  
// Function to find the largest number
function largestNum($a, $b)
{
    return ($a * (boolean)floor(($a / $b))) + 
           ($b * (boolean)floor(($b / $a)));
}
  
// Drivers code
$a = 22; $b = 1231;
echo(largestNum($a, $b));
  
// This code is contributed
// by Mukul Singh

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Output:

1231

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