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Print Number series without using any loop

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 23 Apr, 2021

Problem – Givens Two number N and K, our task is to subtract a number K from N until number(N) is greater than zero, once the N becomes negative or zero then we start adding K until that number become the original number(N). 
Note : Not allow to use any loop.
Examples : 
 

Input : N = 15 K = 5  
Output : 15 10 5 0 1 5 10 15

Input : N = 20 K = 6
Output : 20 14 8 2 -4 2 8 14 20 

Explanation – We can do it using recursion idea is that we call the function again and again until N is greater than zero (in every function call we subtract N by K). Once the number becomes negative or zero we start adding K in every function call until the number becomes the original number. Here we use a single function for both addition and subtraction but to switch between addition or subtraction function we used a Boolean flag.
 

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C++




// C++ program to Print Number
// series without using loop
#include <iostream>
 
using namespace std;
 
// function print series
// using recursion
void PrintNumber(int N, int Original, int K, bool flag)
{
 
    // print the number
    cout << N << " ";
 
    // change flag if number
    // become negative
    if (N <= 0)
        flag = !flag;
 
    // base condition for
    // second_case (Adding K)
    if (N == Original && !flag)
 
        return;
 
    // if flag is true
    // we subtract value until
    // number is greater then zero
    if (flag == true) {
 
        PrintNumber(N - K, Original, K, flag);
 
        return;
    }
 
    // second case (Addition )
    if (!flag) {
 
        PrintNumber(N + K, Original, K, flag);
 
        return;
    }
}
 
// driver program
int main()
{
 
    int N = 20, K = 6;
 
    PrintNumber(N, N, K, true);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to Print Number
// series without using loop
 
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
    public static void PrintNumber(int N, int Original, int K, boolean flag)
    {
 
        // print the number
        System.out.print(N + " ");
 
        // change flag if number
        // become negative
        if (N <= 0)
            flag = !flag;
 
        // base condition for
        // second_case (Adding K)
        if (N == Original && !flag)
 
            return;
 
        // if flag is true
        // we subtract value until
        // number is greater then zero
        if (flag == true)
        {
            PrintNumber(N - K, Original, K, flag);
            return;
        }
 
        // second case (Addition )
        if (!flag)
        {
            PrintNumber(N + K, Original, K, flag);
            return;
        }
    }
 
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        int N = 20, K = 6;
        PrintNumber(N, N, K, true);
    }
}
// This code is contributed by Mohit Gupta_OMG

Python3




# Python program to Print Number
# series without using loop
 
def PrintNumber(N, Original, K, flag):
    #print the number
    print(N, end = " ")
     
    # change flag if number
    # become negative
     
    if (N <= 0):
        if(flag==0):
            flag = 1
        else:
            flag = 0
         
    # base condition for
    # second_case (Adding K)
     
    if (N == Original and (not(flag))):
        return
     
    # if flag is true
    # we subtract value until
    # number is greater then zero
     
    if (flag == True):
        PrintNumber(N - K, Original, K, flag)
        return
     
    # second case (Addition )
    if (not(flag)):
        PrintNumber(N + K, Original, K, flag);
        return
     
N = 20
K = 6
PrintNumber(N, N, K, True)
 
# This code is contributed by Mohit Gupta_OMG

C#




// C# program to Print Number
// series without using loop
using System;
 
public class GFG {
         
    // function print series
    // using recursion
    static void PrintNumber(int N,
             int Original, int K, bool flag)
    {
     
        // print the number
        Console.Write(N + " ");
     
        // change flag if number
        // become negative
        if (N <= 0)
            flag = !flag;
     
        // base condition for
        // second_case (Adding K)
        if (N == Original && !flag)
            return;
     
        // if flag is true
        // we subtract value until
        // number is greater then zero
        if (flag == true)
        {
            PrintNumber(N - K, Original, K,
                                      flag);
            return;
        }
     
        // second case (Addition )
        if (!flag)
        {
            PrintNumber(N + K, Original, K,
                                      flag);
            return;
        }
    }
     
    // driver program
    static public void Main ()
    {
        int N = 20, K = 6;
 
        PrintNumber(N, N, K, true);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to Print Number
// series without using loop
 
// function print series
// using recursion
function PrintNumber($N, $Original,
                     $K, $flag)
{
 
    // print the number
    echo($N . " ");
 
    // change flag if number
    // become negative
    if ($N <= 0)
        $flag = !$flag;
 
    // base condition for
    // second_case (Adding K)
    if ($N == $Original && !$flag)
 
        return;
 
    // if flag is true
    // we subtract value until
    // number is greater then zero
    if ($flag == true) {
 
        PrintNumber($N - $K, $Original,
                         $K, $flag);
 
        return;
    }
 
    // second case (Addition )
    if (!$flag) {
 
        PrintNumber($N + $K, $Original,
                         $K, $flag);
 
        return;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
$N = 20; $K = 6;
 
PrintNumber($N, $N, $K, true);
 
// This code is contributed by Ajit.
?>

Javascript




<script>
// Javascript program to Print Number
// series without using loop
 
// function print series
// using recursion
function PrintNumber(N, Original,
                    K, flag)
{
 
    // print the number
    document.write(N + " ");
 
    // change flag if number
    // become negative
    if (N <= 0)
        flag = !flag;
 
    // base condition for
    // second_case (Adding K)
    if (N == Original && !flag)
 
        return;
 
    // if flag is true
    // we subtract value until
    // number is greater then zero
    if (flag == true) {
 
        PrintNumber(N - K, Original,
                        K, flag);
 
        return;
    }
 
    // second case (Addition )
    if (!flag) {
 
        PrintNumber(N + K, Original,
                        K, flag);
 
        return;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
let N = 20, K = 6;
 
PrintNumber(N, N, K, true);
 
// This code is contributed by _saurabh_jaiswal
</script>

Output : 
 

20 14 8 2 -4 2 8 14 20 

 




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