Difference between Router and Layer-3 Switch
Routers are the connecting devices in networking. it is used to choose the smallest path for a packet to attain its destination. Its main objective is to attach varied networks at the same time and it works in the network layer.
Layer-3 Switches were formed as a technology to boost on the performance of routers utilized in massive native space networks (LANs) like company intranets. The key distinction between Layer-3 switches and routers lies within the hardware technology accustomed build the unit. The hardware within a Layer-3 switch merges that of ancient switches and routers, exchange a number of a router’s software package logic with hardware to supply higher performance in some things. Layer-3 switches typically value but ancient routers. Designed to be used among native networks, a Layer-3 switch can usually not possess the WAN ports and wide space network options a conventional router can perpetually have.
Difference between Router and Layer-3 Switch:
|Layer 3 Switch
|The functionality of router is to connect various networks simultaneously.
|The main functionality of layer 3 switch is to connect various devices simultaneously.
|It supports MPLS and VPN services.
|It does not support MPLS and VPN services.
|It’s throughput is lower than layer-3 switch.
|While it provides high throughput.
|In this, switching capacity is lower than layer-3 switch.
|While it has higher switching capacity.
|It is expensive.
|It is inexpensive.
|It has lower port density.
|While it has higher port density than router.
|Router supports edge technologies such as NAT, Tunneling, Firewall etc.
|While it does not support edge technologies.
|In router, size of routing table is bigger than layer-3 switch routing table for multiple route entries.
|While it’s routing table is smaller than router.
|In router, forwarding is performed by software.
|While in this, forwarding is performed by specialized ASICs.
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