Difference between layer-2 and layer-3 switches
Prerequisite – Network Devices
A switch is a device which sends a data packet in a local network. What is advantage over hub? A hub floods the network with the packet and only destination system receives that packet while others just drop due to which the traffic increases a lot. To solve this problem switch came into the picture. A switch first learns, by flooding network just like hub to fill MAC- address table, on which port a particular device is connected. After learning it sends packets to that particular host only.
Layer 2 switch work on layer 2 of OSI model i.e. data link layer and sends a “Frames” to destination port using MAC address table which stores the mac address of a device associated with that port. Layer 3 switch work on layer 3 of OSI model i.e. network layer where it route packet by using IP address, it is used widely on VLANs.
|Layer 2 Switch||Layer 3 Switch|
|Operate on layer 2 (Data link) of OSI model.||Operate on layer 3 (Network Layer) of OSI model.|
|Send “frames” to destination on the basis of MAC address.||Route Packet with help of IP address|
|Work with MAC address only||Can perform functioning of both 2 layer and 3 layer switch|
|Used to reduce traffic on local network.||Mostly Used to implement VLAN (Virtual Local area network)|
|Quite fast as they do not look at the Layer 3 portion of the data packets.||Takes time to examine data packets before sending them to their destination|
|It has single broadcast domain||It has multiple broadcast domain.|
|Can communicate within a network only.||Can communicate within or outside network.|