Question 1. The curved surface area of a right circular cylinder of height 14 cm is 88 cm2. Find the diameter of the base of the cylinder.
i) Height of cylinder(h)=14 cm
ii)Curved Surface Area of cylinder=88 cm2
Curved Surface Area = 2πrh
88 = 2*(22/7)*r*14
= 1 cm
The diameter of the base of cylinder =2*1=2 cm
Question 2. It is required to make a closed cylindrical tank of height 1 m and base diameter 140 cm from a metal sheet. How many square meters of the sheet are required for the same?
Given: i) Height of cylindrical tank (h)=1 m
ii) Base diameter of cylinder (d)=140 cm
iii) Radius of cylinder (r)=d/2=140/2=70cm=0.7 m
As metal sheet requirement for closed cylindrical tank is asked,
Area of metal sheet required =Total surface area of the cylindrical tank
= 7.48 m2
Question 3. A metal pipe is 77 cm long. The inner diameter of a cross-section is 4 cm, the outer diameter being 4.4 cm. Find its (i) inner curved surface area, (ii) outer curved surface area, (iii) total surface area.
We know that pipe has a hollow cylindrical structure
1) Height of Cylindrical metal pipe (h) =77 cm
2) The inner diameter of metal pipe (d)=4cm,
Hence, inner radius(r)=d/2=2 cm
3)The outer diameter of metal pipe (D)=4.4cm,
Hence, outer radius(R)=D/2=2.2 cm
i) Inner curved surface area=2πrh =2*(22/7)*2*77
ii) Outer curved surface area=2πrh =2*(22/7)*2.2*77
iii) Total Surface Area=Inner curved surface area+Outer curved surface area+area of two bases
As pipe is hollow, area of two bases is a ring area given by=2(πR2-πr2) = 2π(R2-r2)
= 2* (22/7)*((2.2)2-(2)2)
= 5.28 cm2
Hence, Total surface area=968+1064.8+5.28=2038.08 cm2
Question 4. The diameter of a roller is 84 cm and its length is 120 cm. It takes 500 complete revolutions to move once over to level a playground. Find the area of the playground in m2.
Roller is cylindrical in shape.
Diameter of a roller(d)=84 cm,
Hence, base radius of roller (r)=d/2=42cm =0.42 m
Height of cylinder(h)=Length of roller=120cm=1.2 m
Curved surface area of cylinder=2πrh =2*(22/7)*0.42*1.2 =3.168 m2
Revolutions done by roller=500
Hence, Area of playground= Curved surface area of roller*revolutions done by roller
Question 5. A cylindrical pillar is 50 cm in diameter and 3.5 m in height. Find the cost of painting the curved surface of the pillar at the rate of ₹12.50 per m2.
Diameter of cylindrical pillar=50 cm
Hence radius (r)=25cm=0.25 m
Height of cylindrical pillar (h)=3.5 m
Curved surface area of cylindrical pillar=2πrh=2*(22/7)*0.25*3.5
Rate of painting=₹12.50 per m2
Hence, cost of painting the curved surface of the pillar=5.50*12.50=₹68.75
Question 6 Curved surface area of a right circular cylinder is 4.4 m2. If the radius of the base of the cylinder is 0.7 m, find its height.
Given: i) Radius of the base of cylinder(h)=0.7 m
ii)Curved Surface Area of cylinder=4.4 m2
Curved Surface Area =2πrh
= 1 m
Question 7. The inner diameter of a circular well is 3.5 m. It is 10 m deep. Find
(i) its inner curved surface area,
(ii) the cost of plastering this curved surface at the rate of ₹40 per m2.
Well is cylindrical in nature.
Its inner diameter=3.5m, hence inner radius (r)=3.5/2=1.75 m
Its height (h)=10 m
i) Its inner curved surface area (A)=2πrh = 2*(22/7)*1.75*10
= 110 m2
ii) The cost of Plastering this inner curved surface = rate of plastering*A
Question 8. In a hot water heating system, there is a cylindrical pipe of length 28 m and diameter 5 cm. Find the total radiating surface in the system.
Length of cylindrical pipe (h)= 28m = 2800 cm
Diameter of cylindrical pipe=5 cm
Hence, radius of cylindrical pipe=5/2=2.5 cm
Cylindrical pipe radiates from curved surface only. Hence, we have to calculating radiating surface we have to measure curved surface area of that pipe.
Total radiating surface in the system = Curved surface area of pipe
= 44000 cm2
= 4.4 m2
Question 9. Find
(i) the lateral or curved surface area of a closed cylindrical petrol storage tank that is 4.2 m in diameter and 4.5 m high.
(ii) how much steel was actually used, if 1/12 of the steel actually used was wasted in making the tank.
Diameter of cylindrical tank=4.2 m
Hence, radius of cylindrical tank (r)=4.2/2=2.1 m
Height of cylindrical tank (h)=4.5 m
i) Curved surface area of tank=2πrh = 2*(22/7)*2.1*4.5
= 59.4 m2
ii) As it is closed cylindrical tank,
Area of steel required to make = Total surface area of cylindrical tank
= 87.12 m2 (1)
Let actually used steel =x m2. (1/2) of actually used steel was wasted.
Hence, tank is made up of 1-(1/12) = 11/12 part of steel. (2)
Hence, from (1) and (2), we get,
i.e. x== 95.04 m2
Hence, 95.04 m2 steel was actually used to make tank.
Question 10. A cylindrical frame of a lampshade is to be covered with a decorative cloth. The frame has a base diameter of 20 cm and height of 30 cm. A margin of 2.5 cm is to be given for folding it over the top and bottom of the frame. Find how much cloth is required for covering the lampshade.
Base diameter of frame=20 cm
Hence, base radius of frame=20/2=10 cm
Height of frame (including margins provided for folding frame over top and bottom of frame) = 30+2.5+2.5=35 cm
Cloth required for covering the lampshade= Curved surface area of lampshade
= 2200 cm2
Question 11. The students of a Vidyalaya were asked to participate in a competition for making and decorating penholders in the shape of a cylinder with a base, using cardboard. Each penholder was to be of radius 3 cm and height 10.5 cm. The Vidyalaya was to supply the competitors with cardboard. If there were 35 competitors, how much cardboard was required to be bought for the competition?
Penholder is in shape of a cylinder with a base. That is with curved surface with one base is to be created using cardboard.
Radius of penholder=3 cm
Height of penholder=10.5 cm
Area of cardboard required to make one penholder (A)
= Curved surface area of penholder + area of one base
= 226.28 cm2
Total area of Cardboard required to be bought for the competition
= Number of competitors* cardboard required for one penholder
= 7919.99 ≈ 7920 cm2