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CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes

Last Updated : 05 Apr, 2024
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CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes: Chemistry is an important subject in CBSE Class 12th. It is a very scoring exam in board exam as well as IIT JEE entrance. By taking help of this CBSE Class 12th Chemistry notes, you can ace the CBSE Class 12th board exam.

GeeksforGeeks has compiled the complete notes of CBSE Chemistry for Class 12th. These Chemistry Notes are created to help students prepare effectively and efficiently for the exam. Written in easy language and after comprehensive research, these notes explain each Chemistry concept with diagrams, equations, and important questions.

Class 12 Chemistry Notes

Class 12 Chemistry Notes

This Chemistry Notes of CBSE Class 12 provide complete notes of CBSE Class 12th chemistry that can be used by students during quick revisions before exams or competitive exams such as IIT JEE and NEET.

List of CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapters

Below is the list of chapters of CBSE Class 12th chemistry.

CBSE Class 12th Chemistry – All Chapters List

Chapter 1 The Solid State Class 12 Notes
Chapter 2 Solutions Class 12 Notes
Chapter 3 Electrochemistry Class 12 Notes
Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics Class 12 Notes
Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry Class 12 Notes
Chapter 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements Class 12 Notes
Chapter 7 The p-Block Elements Class 12 Notes
Chapter 8 d- and f-Block Elements Class 12 Notes
Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds Class 12 Notes
Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Class 12 Notes
Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers Class 12 Notes
Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids Class 12 Notes
Chapter 13 Amines Class 12 Notes
Chapter 14 Biomolecules Class 12 Notes
Chapter 15 Polymers Class 12 Notes
Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life Class 12 Notes

Chapter 1: The Solid State

Chapter 1 of Class 12th Chemistry is “The Solid State”, which was not covered in class 11th under the chapter “States of Matter”. In this chapter, the solid state of matter is discussed with varying detail, like how matter in a solid state is structured in the form of a lattice with a different type of packing of matter.

The complete list of all the topics that are covered in this chapter is as follows:

Chapter 2: Solutions

Chapter 2 of Class 12 reintroduces us to the concept of solutions but this time study of solutions is very well-detailed with topics like the solubility of gases in liquid and solid solutions. Other than solutions Raolt’s law, abnormal molecular mass, and Osmosis is also introduced and other topics which this chapter includes are:

Chapter 3: Electrochemistry 

Chapter 3 in the set of all chapters is “Electrochemistry”, which is self-explanatory in name and deals with electricity and its influence on chemical equations. As cells store their energy using electrolytes which use various chemical concepts like redox reactions, the study of cells and emf also came under this chapter.  

The complete list of all the other topics covered in this chapter is as follows:

Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics

In class 12th Chemistry, chapter 4 is “Chemical Kinetics”, which is the branch of chemistry that deals with rate and the factor affecting the rate of the reaction. In this chapter, we study the rate law of reactions, order of reaction, and activation energy. Also, we study about the methods of determining the rate of reaction and other topics as follows:

Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry

Chapter 5 in the NCERT textbook is “Surface Chemistry,” which is the branch of chemistry concerned with the processes occurring at interfaces between phases. In this chapter, new concepts like adsorption and absorption, as well as previously known topics such as colloids and their classification, are introduced.

The complete list of topics in this chapter includes:

Chapter 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Chapter 6 of class 12th Chemistry is “General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements”. In this chapter, we study the occurrence of metal in the earth’s crust and methods for the isolation of these metals from ores (metals naturally found in this form).

All the methods for extraction of metal from the ores includes topics like:

Chapter 7: The p-Block Elements

Chapter 7 in Class 12 Chemistry is “The p-Block Elements”, which is the same name as the chapter in class 11th. But in this chapter, the remaining part of the p-Block element is covered which was not covered in class 11th.

All the elements from group 15 to group 18 are covered in this chapter and the complete list of all the topics covered in this chapter are as follows: 

Chapter 8: d- and f-Block Elements

After the complete study of s and p-Block elements, chapter 8 introduces the remaining two blocks of the modern periodic table which are “d- and f-Block elements” which are also known as transition and inner-transition metals. In this, chapter, we study the position and these blocks in the periodic table and the reasoning behind why they were positioned there.

Additionally, the complete list of all the topics covered in this chapter is as follows:

Chapter 9: Coordination Compounds

Chapter 9 (which is the last chapter of the first textbook) of this list is “Coordination Compounds” and it is as the name suggests the study of coordination compounds which are also known as complex compounds. In these compounds, one central metal is attached to other atoms or groups of atoms called ligands.

Additionally, in this chapter we study a lot of topics which are as follows:

Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

With chapter 10 (the first chapter of the second textbook), we start the journey of organic chemistry in class 12. As alkanes were introduced in class 11th, so here haloalkanes and haloarenes are introduced which are the same as alkanes but with some halogen atoms attached to them.

In this chapter, we study, classification, nomenclature, preparation, properties, and all the important reactions involving haloalkanes.

Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

After the ‘Haloalkanes and Haloarenes’ chapter eleven, ‘Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers’ discuss, as the name suggests, alcohols, phenols, and ethers. Chapter 11 covers topics such as the nomenclature of these organic compounds, their reaction with other organic as well as inorganic compounds, and also their preparation in the labs.

The list of topics covered in this chapter includes:

Chapter 12: Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids

Chapter 12 in this series is “Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids” which again covers all the similar topics which are covered in the previous chapter ‘Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers’ but for the aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids.

The complete list of all the topics covered under this notes for this chapter is as follows:

Chapter 13: Amines Class 12 Chemistry Notes

Chapter 13 of the NCERT textbook is “Amines”. Amines are derived from ammonia (hence the name amines), where one hydrogen atom is replaced with an alkyl or aryl group to form alkylamines and arylamines. Other than an introduction, this chapter contains information about the nomenclature, classification, preparation, and properties of amines.

Other topics include:

Chapter 14: Biomolecules

Chapter 14 of the textbook is “Biomolecules”, which as the name suggests deals with all the chemical substances involving the human body and other living organisms. In this chapter, details of carbohydrates, amino acids (which form proteins), enzymes, and vitamins are discussed in great detail.

Other than that complete list of all the topics covered is as follows:

Chapter 15: Polymers

Chapter 15 on this list is “Polymers” and polymers are mankind’s most useful and versatile discoveries of all time. Polymers have vast use cases from packing material to building anything humans can think of using 3-D printers.

This chapter introduces students to the wonders of polymers with the following topics:

Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life

Chapter 16 on this list is “Chemistry in Everyday Life” which is the last chapter of the textbook of chemistry. This chapter introduces the chemistry of our daily life, such as medicines, food, and various other chemical products of everyday use. The complete list of these topics includes:

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes – FAQs

What are the chapters in Class 12 Chemistry?

The chapters in CBSE Class 12 Chemistry may vary depending on the syllabus of the respective board. However, some common topics covered in Class 12 Chemistry are Solid State, Solutions, Electrochemistry, Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements, p-Block Elements, d- and f-Block Elements, Coordination Compounds, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers, Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids, Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen, Biomolecules, and Polymers.

Is Class 12 Chemistry tough?

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry can be challenging for some students as it requires a good understanding of the concepts and their applications in solving numerical problems. However, with consistent practice and proper guidance, students can score well in the subject.

How many chapters are there in Chemistry 12?

The CBSE Class 12 Chemistry have 16 chapters, covering various topics such as Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry.

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