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Bootstrap 4 | Modal

  • Last Updated : 21 Jun, 2019

In simple words, the Modal component is a dialog box/popup window that is displayed on top of the current page, once the trigger button is clicked. However, clicking on the modal’s backdrop automatically closes the modal. Also, it must be kept in mind that Bootstrap doesn’t support nested modals as they create bad UI experience for the user. Therefore, only one modal window is supported at a time.

To use Bootstrap 4.0, either download Bootstrap in your project root folder or copy and paste the following link in the head section of the HTML code.

Required paths:

<link rel=”stylesheet” href=”https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css” integrity=”sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm” crossorigin=”anonymous”>

However, there are many BootStrap components that require several JavaScript plugins in order to function well. Those plugins are jQuery, Popper.js, and a Bootstrap’s personal JavaScript plugin. The following chunk of code must be placed right before the closing body tag inside the script tag.



Required plugins:

<script src=”https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js” integrity=”sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN” crossorigin=”anonymous”></script>

<script src=”https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js” integrity=”sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q” crossorigin=”anonymous”></script>

<script src=”https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js” integrity=”sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl” crossorigin=”anonymous”></script>

    How to create A Bootstrap Modal:Below the example will clear the approach that how to create a Bootstrap Modal.
    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html lang="en">
      
    <head>
     <!-- Required meta tags -->
     <meta charset="utf-8">
     <meta name="viewport"
      content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
      
     <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
     <link rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" 
      crossorigin="anonymous">
     <title>bootstrap | Modal</title>
     <style>
        h1,h6 {
                margin: 2%;
              }
        .btn {
                margin-left: 2%;
              }
     </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
     <center>
      <h1 style="color:green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
           
      <!-- Button trigger modal -->
      <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-toggle="modal" 
                          data-target="#exampleModal">Launch Modal</button>
        
      <!-- Modal -->
      <div class="modal fade" id="exampleModal" tabindex="-1" role="dialog" 
                     aria-labelledby="exampleModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
       <div class="modal-dialog" role="document">
        <div class="modal-content">
         <div class="modal-header">
           <h6 class="modal-title" id="exampleModalLabel" style="color:green;">
                                                             GeeksforGeeks</h6>
                           
           <!-- The title of the modal -->
          <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal"aria-label="Close">
           <span aria-hidden="true">×</span>
          </button>
         </div>
         <div class="modal-body"
                         
         <!-- The content inside the modal box -->
         <p>Articles that need little modification/improvement from reviewers
          are published first. To quickly get your articles reviewed, please 
          refer existing articles, their formating style, coding style, and try
          to make your close to them. </p>
        </div>
        <div class="modal-footer">
         <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" 
                                                 data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
                         
          <!-- The close button in the bottom of the modal -->
         <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">okay</button>
           
          <!-- The save changes button in the bottom of the modal -->
        </div>
       </div>
      </div>
     </div>
             
     <!-- Optional JavaScript -->
     <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
      integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" 
      crossorigin="anonymous">
     </script>
      integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" 
      crossorigin="anonymous">
     </script>
      integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" 
      crossorigin="anonymous">
     </script>
     </center>
    </body>
      
    </html>

    Output:

    Before launching the Modal:



    After launching the Modal:

    How Bootstrap Modal works:

  • Modals are built with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They are positioned over everything else in the document and remove scroll from the <body> so that modal content scrolls instead.
  • Clicking the modal “backdrop” will close the modal automatically.
  • This Modal supports only one modal window at a time.
  • Modals use position: fixed, which can sometimes be a bit particular about its rendering. If possible, place your modal HTML in a top-level position to avoid potential interference from other elements.
  • Due to position: fixed, there are few caveats with using modals on mobile devices.
    Bootstrap Modal Contents:

  • Using the grid:Utilize the Bootstrap grid system within a modal by nesting <b-container fluid> within the modal-body else you can use the normal grid system <b-row> (or <b-form-row>) and <b-col> as you would anywhere else.
  • Tooltips and popovers:

    A Tooltip is used to provide interactive textual hints to the user about the element when the mouse pointer moves over.

    The popover is an attribute of bootstrap that can be used to make any website look more dynamic. Popovers are generally used to display additional information about any element and are displayed on click of mouse pointer over that element.

    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html lang="en">
      
    <head>
        <!-- Required meta tags -->
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <meta name="viewport" 
         content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
      
        <!-- Bootstrap CSS -->
        <link rel="stylesheet" 
         integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" 
         crossorigin="anonymous">
        <title>bootstrap | Modal</title>
        <style>
            h1,
            h6 {
                margin: 2%;
            }
              
            .btn {
                margin-left: 2%;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <center>
            <h1 style="color:green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
            <!-- Button trigger modal -->
            <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-toggle="modal" 
                    data-target="#exampleModal">
                Launch Modal
            </button>
            <!-- Modal -->
            <div class="modal fade" id="exampleModal" tabindex="-1" role="dialog" 
                 aria-labelledby="exampleModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
                <div class="modal-dialog" role="document">
                    <div class="modal-content">
                        <div class="modal-header">
                            <h3 class="modal-title" id="exampleModalLabel" 
                                style="color:green;">
                             GeeksforGeeks</h3>
                            <!-- The title of the modal -->
                            <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" 
                                    aria-label="Close">
                                <span aria-hidden="true">×</span>
                            </button>
                        </div>
                        <div class="modal-body">
                            <!-- The content inside the modal box -->
                            <div class="container">
                                <p>This
                                    <button style="color:green;" data-toggle="popover"
                                     title="popover-title" data-content="popover-content">
                                        GeeksforGeeks
                                    </button>triggers a popover on click.</p>
                            </div>
      
                            <script>
                                $(document).ready(function() {
                                    $('[data-toggle="popover"]').popover();
                                });
                            </script>
                            <div class="container">
      
                                <p>This <a style="color:green;" data-toggle="tooltip" title="Tooltip">
                                    GeeksforGeeks
                                    </a> will show a tooltip on hover.
                                </p>
                            </div>
      
                            <script>
                                $(document).ready(function() {
                                    $('[data-toggle="tooltip"]').tooltip();
                                });
                            </script>
                        </div>
                        <div class="modal-footer">
                            <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-dismiss="modal">
                                Close</button>
                            <!-- The close button in the bottom of the modal -->
                            <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">okay</button>
                            <!-- The save changes button in the bottom of the modal -->
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <!-- Optional JavaScript -->
            <!-- jQuery first, then Popper.js, then Bootstrap JS -->
             integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" 
             crossorigin="anonymous">
            </script>
             integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" 
             crossorigin="anonymous">
            </script>
             integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" 
             crossorigin="anonymous">
            </script>
        </center>
    </body>
      
    </html>

    Output:

    Bootstrap Modal Size: You can easily change the Bootstrap Modal Size as requirement by using .modal-sm for samll modal size , .modal-lg for large modal size and .modal-xl for extra large size modal. You can add this classes in the <div> tag with the .modal-dialog class.

  • Small Modal:




    <div class="modal-dialog modal-sm">
  • Large Modal:




    <div class="modal-dialog modal-lg">
  • Extra Large Modal:




    <div class="modal-dialog modal-xl">
    Centered Modal: With the use of .modal-dialog-centered class, you can easily center the modal vertically and horizontally within the page. Like previously just need to add “modal-dialog-centered” in the <div> tag in the calss with the “modal-dialog”.
    class:




    <div class="<div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-centered">
      Scrolling modal: This is required when you have a long message to show on modal which take large place compare to modal size that time Scrolling Modal is required, similarly this class can be added in the <div> tag in the class with the “modal-dialog”.
      class:




      <div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-scrollable">



    My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
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