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Types of Cloud

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  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 10 Aug, 2022

Cloud computing is Internet-based computing in which a shared pool of resources is available over broad network access, these resources can be provisioned or released with minimum management efforts and service provider interaction. 

Types of Cloud

  1. Public cloud
  2. Private cloud
  3. Hybrid cloud
  4. Community cloud

Public Cloud

Public clouds are managed by third parties which provide cloud services over the internet to the public, these services are available as pay-as-you-go billing models. 
They offer solutions for minimizing IT infrastructure costs and become a good option for handling peak loads on the local infrastructure. Public clouds are the go-to option for small enterprises, which can start their businesses without large upfront investments by completely relying on public infrastructure for their IT needs. 
The fundamental characteristics of public clouds are multitenancy. A public cloud is meant to serve multiple users, not a single customer. A user requires a virtual computing environment that is separated, and most likely isolated, from other users. 

Public cloud

Public cloud

Private cloud

Private clouds are distributed systems that work on private infrastructure and provide the users with dynamic provisioning of computing resources. Instead of a pay-as-you-go model in private clouds, there could be other schemes that manage the usage of the cloud and proportionally billing of the different departments or sections of an enterprise. Private cloud providers are HP Data Centers, Ubuntu, Elastic-Private cloud, Microsoft, etc.

Private Cloud

Private Cloud

Advantages of using a private cloud are: 

  1. Customer information protection: In the private cloud security concerns are less since customer data and other sensitive information do not flow out of private infrastructure.
  2. Infrastructure ensuring SLAs: Private cloud provides specific operations such as appropriate clustering, data replication, system monitoring, and maintenance, disaster recovery, and other uptime services.
  3. Compliance with standard procedures and operations: Specific procedures have to be put in place when deploying and executing applications according to third-party compliance standards. This is not possible in the case of the public cloud.

Disadvantages of using a private cloud are: 

  1. The restricted area of operations: Private cloud is accessible within a particular area. So the area of accessibility is restricted.
  2. Expertise requires:  In the private cloud security concerns are less since customer data and other sensitive information do not flow out of private infrastructure. Hence skilled people are required to manage & operate cloud services.

Hybrid cloud: 

A hybrid cloud is a heterogeneous distributed system formed by combining facilities of the public cloud and private cloud. For this reason, they are also called heterogeneous clouds. 
A major drawback of private deployments is the inability to scale on-demand and efficiently address peak loads. Here public clouds are needed. Hence, a hybrid cloud takes advantage of both public and private clouds. 

Hybrid Cloud

Hybrid Cloud

Community cloud: 

Community clouds are distributed systems created by integrating the services of different clouds to address the specific needs of an industry, a community, or a business sector. But sharing responsibilities among the organizations is difficult.

In the community cloud, the infrastructure is shared between organizations that have shared concerns or tasks. The cloud may be managed by an organization or a third party. 

Community Cloud

Community Cloud

Sectors that use community clouds are: 

1. Media industry: Media companies are looking for quick, simple, low-cost ways for increasing the efficiency of content generation. Most media productions involve an extended ecosystem of partners. In particular, the creation of digital content is the outcome of a collaborative process that includes the movement of large data, massive compute-intensive rendering tasks, and complex workflow executions.

2. Healthcare industry: In the healthcare industry community clouds are used to share information and knowledge on the global level with sensitive data in the private infrastructure.

3. Energy and core industry: In these sectors, the community cloud is used to cluster a set of solution which collectively addresses the management, deployment, and orchestration of services and operations.

4. Scientific research: In this organization with common interests in science share a large distributed infrastructure for scientific computing.

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