Given a right circular cylinder of height , & radius . The task is to find the length of the longest rod that can be inserted within it.**Examples**:

Input: h = 4, r = 1.5Output: 5Input: h= 12, r = 2.5Output: 13

**Approach**:

From the figure, it is clear that we can get the length of the rod by using **pythagoras theorem**, by treating the **height** of cylinder as **perpendicular**, **diameter** as **base** and **length** of rod as **hypotenuse**.

So, **l ^{2} = h^{2} + 4*r^{2}**.

Therefore,

l = √(h^{2 + 4*r2)}

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

`// C++ Program to find the longest rod` `// that can be fit within a right circular cylinder` `#include <bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to find the side of the cube` `float` `rod(` `float` `h, ` `float` `r)` `{` ` ` `// height and radius cannot be negative` ` ` `if` `(h < 0 && r < 0)` ` ` `return` `-1;` ` ` `// length of rod` ` ` `float` `l = ` `sqrt` `(` `pow` `(h, 2) + 4 * ` `pow` `(r, 2));` ` ` `return` `l;` `}` `// Driver code` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `float` `h = 4, r = 1.5;` ` ` `cout << rod(h, r) << endl;` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// Java Program to find the longest rod` `// that can be fit within a right circular cylinder` `import` `java.io.*;` `class` `GFG {` ` ` `// Function to find the side of the cube` `static` `float` `rod(` `float` `h, ` `float` `r)` `{` ` ` `// height and radius cannot be negative` ` ` `if` `(h < ` `0` `&& r < ` `0` `)` ` ` `return` `-` `1` `;` ` ` `// length of rod` ` ` `float` `l = (` `float` `)(Math.sqrt(Math.pow(h, ` `2` `) + ` `4` `* Math.pow(r, ` `2` `)));` ` ` `return` `l;` `}` `// Driver code` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) {` ` ` `float` `h = ` `4` `;` ` ` `float` `r = ` `1` `.5f;` ` ` `System.out.print(rod(h, r));` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by anuj_67..` |

## Python 3

`# Python 3 Program to find the longest` `# rod that can be fit within a right` `# circular cylinder` `import` `math` `# Function to find the side of the cube` `def` `rod(h, r):` ` ` ` ` `# height and radius cannot` ` ` `# be negative` ` ` `if` `(h < ` `0` `and` `r < ` `0` `):` ` ` `return` `-` `1` ` ` `# length of rod` ` ` `l ` `=` `(math.sqrt(math.` `pow` `(h, ` `2` `) ` `+` ` ` `4` `*` `math.` `pow` `(r, ` `2` `)))` ` ` `return` `float` `(l)` `# Driver code` `h , r ` `=` `4` `, ` `1.5` `print` `(rod(h, r))` `# This code is contributed` `# by PrinciRaj1992` |

## C#

`// C# Program to find the longest` `// rod that can be fit within a` `// right circular cylinder` `using` `System;` `class` `GFG` `{` `// Function to find the side` `// of the cube` `static` `float` `rod(` `float` `h, ` `float` `r)` `{` ` ` `// height and radius cannot` ` ` `// be negative` ` ` `if` `(h < 0 && r < 0)` ` ` `return` `-1;` ` ` `// length of rod` ` ` `float` `l = (` `float` `)(Math.Sqrt(Math.Pow(h, 2) +` ` ` `4 * Math.Pow(r, 2)));` ` ` `return` `l;` `}` `// Driver code` `public` `static` `void` `Main ()` `{` ` ` `float` `h = 4;` ` ` `float` `r = 1.5f;` ` ` `Console.WriteLine(rod(h, r));` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by shs` |

## PHP

`<?php` `// PHP Program to find the longest` `// rod that can be fit within a` `// right circular cylinder` `// Function to find the side` `// of the cube` `function` `rod(` `$h` `, ` `$r` `)` `{` ` ` `// height and radius cannot` ` ` `// be negative` ` ` `if` `(` `$h` `< 0 && ` `$r` `< 0)` ` ` `return` `-1;` ` ` `// length of rod` ` ` `$l` `= sqrt(pow(` `$h` `, 2) + 4 * pow(` `$r` `, 2));` ` ` `return` `$l` `;` `}` `// Driver code` `$h` `= 4; ` `$r` `= 1.5;` `echo` `rod(` `$h` `, ` `$r` `) . ` `"\n"` `;` `// This code is contributed` `// by Akanksha Rai` `?>` |

## Javascript

`<script>` ` ` `// javascript Program to find the longest rod` `// that can be fit within a right circular cylinder` `// Function to find the side of the cube` `function` `rod(h , r)` `{` ` ` `// height and radius cannot be negative` ` ` `if` `(h < 0 && r < 0)` ` ` `return` `-1;` ` ` `// length of rod` ` ` `var` `l = (Math.sqrt(Math.pow(h, 2) + 4 * Math.pow(r, 2)));` ` ` `return` `l;` `}` `// Driver code` `var` `h = 4;` `var` `r = 1.5;` `document.write(rod(h, r));` `// This code contributed by shikhasingrajput` `</script>` |

**Output:**

5

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