List of Major Tribes In India
In SSC, Banking, LIC, Railways, and other competitive exams, the General Awareness section plays an important role nowadays since it is a very scoring section. In this article, we will cover one of the topics of this section i.e “Major Tribes of India”. Read it carefully and upgrade your score in upcoming exams.
Tribes: An Introduction
A tribe may be a social division in a conventional society consisting of families connected by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a typical culture and dialect. A tribe possesses specific qualities and characteristics that build it into a singular cultural, social, and political entity.
Tribes of India:
- The fifth schedule of the Constitution of India has recognized tribal communities as ‘ Scheduled Tribes’.
- The total population of scheduled Tribes is around 100 million as per the Census 2011 that accounting for 8.6% of the whole population of the country. The share of the Scheduled Tribe population in urban areas could be 2.8%.
- Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of scheduled Tribes, and Orissa is in the second position. There are no Scheduled Tribes in Punjab, Delhi, Chandigarh, Pondicherry, and Haryana.
- For Scheduled Tribes, 47 seats are reserved in Lok Sabha.
- The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is responsible for the development of the scheduled tribes in India.
List of Major tribes: state-wise
|Jammu and Kashmir||Gaddi, Garra, Mon, Purigpa, Sippi, Bakarwal, Balti.|
|Himachal Pradesh||Gaddis, Gujjars, Khas, Lamba, Pangwala, Lahaulas, Swangla|
|Uttarakhand||Bhotias, Buksa, Khas, Jaunsari, Raji, Tharu|
|Uttar Pradesh||Jaunsari, Kol, Raji, Tharu, Bhotia|
|Rajasthan||Bhils, Damaria, Dhanka, Meenas, Sahariya, Pateliya.|
|Gujarat||Paradhi, Pateliya, Barda, Bamcha, Bhil, Charan, Dhodia, Gamta.|
|Maharashtra||Katkari, Khond, Rathawa, Warlis, Bhaina, Bhunjia, Dhodia|
|Goa||Siddi, Varli, Dhodia, Dubia, Naikda.|
|Karnataka||Adiyan, Barda, Gond, Bhil, Iruliga, Koraga, Yerava and Pateliya|
|Kerala||Adiyan, Arandan, Kurumbas, Malai arayan, Moplahs, Uralis|
|Tamil Nadu||Adiyan, Aranadan, Irular, Kadar, Kanikar, Kotas, Todas.|
|Madhya Pradesh||Baigas, Bhils, Bharia, Birhors, Gonds,Katkari, kharia, Khond, Kol, Murias.|
|Chhattisgarh||Agariya, Bhaina, Bhattra, Biar, Khond, Mawasi, Nagasia.|
|Odisha||Gadaba, Ghara, Kharia, Matya, Oraons, Santhals, Rajuar|
|Jharkhand||Gonds, Kharia, Mundas, Santhals, Savar, Birhors, Bhumij|
|Bihar||Asur, Baiga, Birhor, Birjia, Chero, Gond, Parhaiya, Santhals, Savar|
|West Bengal||Asur, Khond, Hajong, Ho, Parhaiya, Rabha, Santhals, Savar|
|Sikkim||Bhutia, Khas, Lepchas, Limboo, Tamang|
|Andhra Pradesh||Andh, Sadhu Andh, Bhagata, Bhil, Chenchus, Gadabas, Gond, Goundu, Jatapus, Kammara, Kattunayakan, Kolawar, Kolam, Konda, Manna Dhora, Pardhan, Rona, Savaras, Nakkala, Dhulia, Thoti, Sugalis, Banjara, Kondareddis, Koya, Mukha Dhora, Valmiki , Yenadis, Sugalis, Lambadis.|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Sherdukpen, Singpho, Apatanis, Abor, Dafla, Galong, Momba.|
|Assam||Chakma, Chutiya, Dimasa, Hajong, Garos, Khasis, Gangte.|
|Andaman and Nicobar||Oraons, Onges, Shompens, Sentinelese.|
|Manipur||Aimol, Angami, Chiru, Kuki, Maram, Monsang, Paite, Purum, Thadou|
|Meghalaya||Jaintias Khasis, Lakher, Pawai, Raba, Chakma, Garos, Hajong|
|Mizoram||Khasi, Kuki, Lakher, Pawai, Raba, Synteng, Chakma, Dimasa.|
|Nagaland||Mikir, Nagas, Sema, Angami, Garo, Kachari, Kuki.|
|Tripura||Chakma, Halam, Khasia, Lushai, Mizel, Namte, Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal.|
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