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Asian Countries with their Capitals

Last Updated : 19 Mar, 2024
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In SSC, Banking, LIC, Railways, and other competitive exams, the General Awareness section plays an important role nowadays since it is a very scoring section. In this article, we will cover one of the topics of this section i.e “Countries and their Capitals”. This is a very easy topic and if students read it comprehensively they will score good marks and the possibility of their selection will increase.

Asia is the largest continent on Earth, both in size and population. It covers about 44.6 million square kilometers, which is nearly 30% of the planet’s land and 8.7% of its total surface area. Separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains, Asia has been the cradle of the world’s earliest civilization and is home to around 60% of all people.

List of all countries and their capitals in Asia: In terms of its geographical location of Asia, Asia mainly lies in the northern and eastern parts of the world. It’s bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the east, the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Arctic Ocean in the north. Asia and Europe are part of the same landmass, connected through the Ural Mountains and across the Caspian Sea. Additionally, Asia links to Africa at the Isthmus of Suez.


Asian Countries with their Capitals

Asian Countries List: Capitals of Asia

  • Asia is the world’s most populous continent, home to more than 4.6 billion people. The most populous country in Asia is China with a population of 1.4 billion according to the  US Census Bureau as of July 2021. China is also the most populous country in the world.2. More than 2,300 languages ​​are spoken throughout the Asian continent. The most common of these is Mandarin Chinese, spoken by a whopping 51% of the entire population of Asia. 
  • The Asian elephant is smaller than African elephants, they have smaller ears and one more claw on each foot. 
  • India is the largest mango-producing country in the world with more than 20 million tons of mangoes produced each year. 
  • Of the top 10 rice-producing countries in the world, nine are in Asia i.e  China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Japan.
  • The 100 highest mountains in the world are all on the Asian continent, with the highest being Mount Everest in the Himalayas of Nepal. Mount Everest, Nepal. Asia is home to the tallest mountains in the world.
  •  The most important religion in Asia is Islam with about 1.2 billion followers. In second place is Hinduism with about 900 million followers.8. Out of the  10 most populous cities in the world, seven are in Asia according to the 2021 World Population Revision. 
  • The word “Asia” is believed to be derived from the ancient Greek word “Aσία”. While the exact etymology is unknown, many believe the word means “sunrise” or “eastern light. 
  •  Wild tigers used to live throughout the Asian continent, but today they can only be found in  13 countries on the continent: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Russia, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.   The Sumatran tiger is found in the jungles of Indonesia. 
  • The three countries with the highest life expectancy in the world are in Asia i.e Hong Kong, Japan and Macau.
  • The smallest country in Asia is the Maldives.

What are the 48 countries in Asia and their capitals

Asia, the largest continent on Earth, is a land of diversity and rich cultures. It’s home to 48 unique countries, each with its own distinct capital city. Let’s begin on a journey to explore these nations and their capitals.

Read: How Many Countries are there in the World?

List of Asian Countries and their Capitals

The United Nations states that Asia is made up of 48 different countries. Russia is the largest country in Asia, covering around 13 million square kilometers, which is about 77% of the continent. Next in size is China second-largest Asian country, with a land area of 9.6 million square kilometers. On the smaller side, the Maldives, an island country, is the tiniest in Asia, spanning just 298 square kilometers. Below, you’ll find a list of Asian countries with their Capital along with their currencies.

List of the Capital Cities of Asia

Serial No.



1 Afghanistan Kabul 
2 Armenia Yerevan 
3 Azerbaijan  Baku 
4 Bahrain Manama 
5 Bangladesh Dhaka 
6 Bhutan Thimphu 
7 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 
8 Cambodia Phnom Penh 
9 China Beijing 
10 Cyprus  Nicosia 
11 East Timor  Dili 
12 Georgia  Tbilisi 
13 India  New Delhi 
14 Indonesia  Jakarta 
15 Iran  Tehran 
16 Iraq  Baghdad 
17 Israel  Jerusalem 
18 Japan  Tokyo 
19 Jordan  Amman 
20 Kazakhstan  Nur-Sultan 
21 Kuwait  Kuwait City 
22 Kyrgyzstan  Bishkek
23  Laos Vientiane 
24 Lebanon  Beirut 
25 Malaysia  Kuala Lumpur 
26 Maldives  Male 
27 Mongolia  Ulaanbaatar 
28 Myanmar  Naypyidaw 
29 Nepal  Kathmandu 
30 North Korea  Pyongyang 
31 Oman  Muscat 
32 Pakistan  Islamabad 
33 Philippines  Manila 
34 Qatar  Doha 
35 Saudi Arabia  Riyadh
36 Singapore  Singapore 
37 South Korea  Seoul 
38 Sri Lanka  Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
39 State of Palestine  Jerusalem 
40 Syria  Damascus 
41 Tajikistan  Dushanbe 
42 Thailand  Bangkok 
43 Turkey  Ankara 
44 Turkmenistan  Ashgabat 
45 United Arab Emirates  Abu Dhabi 
46 Uzbekistan  Tashkent 
47 Vietnam   Hanoi
48 Yemen Sanaa

Read: Largest Countries in the World

How many countries in Asia and their capitals?

Asia, the largest continent on Earth, is home to a rich tapestry of cultures and landscapes. It encompasses 48 unique countries, each with its own distinct capital city that serves as a window into the nation’s soul.

  1. China – Beijing: As the capital of the most populous country, Beijing is a bustling metropolis blending ancient history with modern development.
  2. India – New Delhi: New Delhi, the seat of government in India, is known for its wide boulevards and significant landmarks like the India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  3. Indonesia – Jakarta: Jakarta, on the island of Java, is a vibrant hub of Indonesian culture, economy, and politics.
  4. Pakistan – Islamabad: Islamabad, known for its high standard of living and lush greenery, stands in contrast to the country’s more populous cities.
  5. Bangladesh – Dhaka: Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is famous for its rich history and vibrant cultural scene.
  6. Japan – Tokyo: Tokyo, a city that never sleeps, is a blend of cutting-edge technology and timeless traditions.
  7. Philippines – Manila: Manila, the heart of the Philippines, is a densely populated bayside city with a history spanning centuries.
  8. Vietnam – Hanoi: Hanoi, known for its centuries-old architecture, is a symbol of Vietnam’s complex history.
  9. Turkey – Ankara: Ankara, the capital of Turkey, sits in the country’s central Anatolia region and is a center for commercial and industrial activities.
  10. Iran – Tehran: Tehran, set against the backdrop of the Alborz mountains, is a bustling metropolis and the political and economic heart of Iran.
  11. Thailand – Bangkok: Bangkok is famous for its ornate shrines and vibrant street life, reflecting Thailand’s unique culture.
  12. Myanmar – Naypyidaw: Naypyidaw, a city purpose-built to be the capital, is known for its wide boulevards and monumental architecture.
  13. South Korea – Seoul: Seoul, a city that melds history with technology, is the heartbeat of South Korea.
  14. Iraq – Baghdad: Baghdad, once a significant center of the Islamic Golden Age, is steeped in history.
  15. Afghanistan – Kabul: Kabul, set in a narrow valley, has been an important strategic location throughout history.
  16. Saudi Arabia – Riyadh: Riyadh, a desert metropolis, is the political and administrative center of Saudi Arabia.
  17. Uzbekistan – Tashkent: Tashkent, known for its many museums, is a testament to Uzbekistan’s rich history.
  18. Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur: Kuala Lumpur, characterized by its famous Petronas Towers, is a symbol of Malaysia’s rapid development.
  19. Yemen – Sana’a: Sana’a, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, is the historical heart of Yemen.
  20. Nepal – Kathmandu: Kathmandu, nestled in the Himalayan foothills, is known for its historic temples and vibrant culture.
  21. Sri Lanka – Colombo: Colombo, a bustling port city, is a blend of colonial heritage and modern vibrancy, reflecting Sri Lanka’s rich history.
  22. Cambodia – Phnom Penh: Phnom Penh, situated at the confluence of rivers, is known for its historical and cultural significance in Cambodia.
  23. Laos – Vientiane: Vientiane, a city with a laid-back charm, is famous for its French colonial architecture and Buddhist temples.
  24. Mongolia – Ulaanbaatar: Ulaanbaatar, the coldest capital city in the world, is a unique blend of traditional Mongolian culture and urban development.
  25. Nepal – Kathmandu: Kathmandu, set against the backdrop of the Himalayas, is renowned for its historic temples and vibrant street life.
  26. Oman – Muscat: Muscat, known for its dazzling souks and superb seafood, is the picturesque capital of Oman.
  27. Qatar – Doha: Doha, a city known for its futuristic skyscrapers and ultramodern architecture, is the economic center of Qatar.
  28. Syria – Damascus: Damascus, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, is rich in history and culture.
  29. United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi: Abu Dhabi, a city of opulent mosques and beautiful waterfronts, is the modern and wealthy capital of the UAE.
  30. Jordan – Amman: Amman, a city of contrasts blending the ancient and the modern, is the cultural and political hub of Jordan.
  31. Lebanon – Beirut: Beirut, often referred to as the ‘Paris of the Middle East’, is known for its vibrant nightlife and rich history.
  32. Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek: Bishkek, set against the backdrop of the Tien Shan mountains, is known for its wide boulevards and Soviet-era architecture.
  33. Tajikistan – Dushanbe: Dushanbe, meaning ‘Monday’ in Tajik, is a city with lush green parks and Soviet-era buildings.
  34. Turkmenistan – Ashgabat: Ashgabat, known for its white marble buildings and grandiose national monuments, is the heart of Turkmenistan.
  35. Uzbekistan – Tashkent: Tashkent, a city with a mix of modern and Soviet-era architecture, is the cultural and economic center of Uzbekistan.
  36. Kazakhstan – Nur-Sultan: Nur-Sultan, formerly known as Astana, is a symbol of Kazakhstan’s rapid modernization with its futuristic skyline.
  37. Armenia – Yerevan: Yerevan, one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities, is known for its Soviet-era architecture and vibrant cultural scene.
  38. Azerbaijan – Baku: Baku, a city famed for its medieval walled old city, is the cosmopolitan capital of Azerbaijan.
  39. Georgia – Tbilisi: Tbilisi is known for its diverse architecture and mazelike, cobblestone streets.
  40. Bhutan – Thimphu: Thimphu, a city that uniquely blends traditional Bhutanese culture with modernity, is the intriguing capital of Bhutan.
  41. Brunei – Bandar Seri Begawan: Bandar Seri Begawan, known for its opulent mosque and serene water village, is the peaceful capital of Brunei.
  42. Maldives – Malé: Malé, a densely populated island city, is the commercial and political center of the Maldives.
  43. Singapore – Singapore: Singapore, a global financial center, is a bustling city-state known for its multicultural population and green spaces.
  44. East Timor (Timor-Leste) – Dili: Dili, set along the coast, is known for its historic Portuguese influence and significant role in East Timor’s history.
  45. Palestine – East Jerusalem: East Jerusalem, a city of great religious significance, is the proclaimed capital of Palestine.
  46. Yemen – Sana’a: Sana’a, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, is known for its unique architecture and historical significance.
  47. Cyprus – Nicosia: Nicosia, the world’s last divided capital, is rich in history and culture, with a blend of Greek and Turkish influences.
  48. Israel – Jerusalem: Jerusalem, a city of profound religious significance to Jews, Christians, and Muslims, is the proclaimed capital of Israel.

Each of these capitals offers a glimpse into the diverse tapestry of Asia, showcasing a blend of ancient traditions, cultural richness, and modern development. From the bustling streets of Singapore to the historic alleys of Jerusalem, these cities are not just administrative centers but the heart and soul of their respective countries.

Read:NATO Countries Members List

Top 10 Asian Countries by Population

Asia is home to most of the world’s people, accounting for about 60% of the global population. The two most populated countries in Asia are China and India. China has the highest population in Asia, with around 1.37 billion people. Here are the top 10 countries in Asia with largest populations:

Rank Country Population
1 China 1.4 billion
2 India 1.3 billion
3 Indonesia 273 million
4 Pakistan 220 million
5 Bangladesh 163 million
6 Japan 126 million
7 Philippines 109 million
8 Vietnam 97 million
9 Turkey 84 million
10 Iran 83 million

Read: Top 10 Poorest Countries in the World by GDP

Top 10 Asian Countries in Terms of Area

The Earth is always changing, which means its borders are too. Around 71% of our planet is covered by water, leaving 29% as land. When it comes to size, Russia tops the list in Asia. As Russia is the largest country in Asia, spanning an impressive 17,125,000 square kilometers. Here are the top 10 largest countries in Asia by area:

Rank Asian Countries Area Covered
1 Kazakhstan 2,724,900 km²
2 India 3,166,391 km²
3 Russia 17,125,000 km²
4 China 9,572,900 km²

Ranking Of Asian Countries By Population

Geographically, the countries in Asia are categorized into six distinct regions. These regions are Northern Asia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, and Southeast Asia. Below, you’ll find a list of Asian countries, along with their respective populations.

Rank Country Population Remarkable Fact
1 China 1.4 billion World’s longest continuous civilization.
2 India 1.3 billion World’s largest democracy.
3 Indonesia 273 million World’s largest island country.
4 Pakistan 220 million Home to the second-highest mountain, K2.
5 Bangladesh 163 million Known for its lush greenery and waterways.
6 Japan 126 million Land of the rising sun and advanced technology.
7 Philippines 109 million Known for its stunning beaches and biodiversity.
8 Vietnam 97 million Famous for its rich history and cuisine.
9 Turkey 84 million A transcontinental country in Eurasia.
10 Iran 83 million Rich in cultural heritage and history.

Read: Top 10 Largest Meat Exporting Countries 2024

Asian Countries Capitals List – FAQs

What are the 48 countries in Asia and their capitals?

Asia comprises 48 countries, each with its unique capital. Some include China (Beijing), India (New Delhi), Japan (Tokyo), and Indonesia (Jakarta).

How many countries are in Asia and what are their capitals?

There are 48 countries in Asia. Capitals range from large metropolises like Beijing, China, to smaller cities like Thimphu, Bhutan.

Can you provide an Asian countries and capitals list PDF?

Lists are readily available on educational and governmental websites. They offer downloadable resources for study and reference.

What are some major Asian capitals and how are they significant?

Major Asian capitals like Tokyo, Japan; Beijing, China; and New Delhi, India, are significant for their economic, cultural, and political influence both regionally and globally.

How can I memorize the capitals of Asian countries effectively?

Effective methods include using flashcards, engaging with interactive maps and quizzes online, and associating capitals with famous landmarks or cultural facts.

What are the latest changes in the capitals of Asian countries?

Recent changes include Myanmar’s capital moving from Yangon to Naypyidaw and Kazakhstan’s capital changing from Astana to Nur-Sultan.

Are there any Asian countries with multiple capitals and what are they?

Yes, some countries have multiple capitals for different purposes. For example, South Africa (not in Asia) has three capitals: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial), and Cape Town (legislative). In Asia, Malaysia has its official and royal capital as Kuala Lumpur, and its administrative center in Putrajaya.

Can you provide a list of Asian countries, capitals, and their currencies?

A comprehensive list would include:

1. China: Beijing (Renminbi)

2. India: New Delhi (Indian Rupee)

3. Japan: Tokyo (Japanese Yen)

4. Indonesia: Jakarta (Indonesian Rupiah)

This is just a sample; each of the 48 countries has its unique capital and currency.

What are the capitals of the Central Asian countries?

Central Asian countries and their capitals include:

1. Kazakhstan: Nur-Sultan

2. Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek

3. Tajikistan: Dushanbe

4. Turkmenistan: Ashgabat

5. Uzbekistan: Tashkent

How do Asian capitals compare in terms of population and size?

Asian capitals vary widely in population and size, from highly populous cities like Tokyo and Delhi to smaller capitals like Thimphu. Their sizes range from sprawling metropolises to more compact cities, reflecting diverse geographic and demographic landscapes across the continent.

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