How to Design a Web Page in HTML?
HTML is known as HyperText Markup Language. It is a combination of both Hypertext and Markup language. Here hypertext means the link between the web pages and markup is used to define the text document within tag which defines the structure of web pages. It acts as a skeleton of a web page and without HTML it would be very difficult or impossible to build a webpage. It is used by all the browsers and used to manipulate text, images, and other content, in order to display it in the required format. In this article, we will learn how to create an HTML webpage.
Creating an HTML document
The first step of creating a web page is to create an HTML document. An HTML document can be created in any text editor even on a notepad. So any text editor can be used to make an Html file. We just need to add extension .html /.htm . Let us create the first basic HTML program.
To create an HTML document follow the following steps:
Step 1: Open your text editor such as Notepad Sublimetext, etc.
Step 2: Write the code given below in the text editor.
Step 3: Save this file with the .html/.htm extension.
Step 4: Open that file with any browser. The output will be displayed.
So this is how we create a simple HTML document.
Designing Web Page
To design a webpage in HTML we need to learn about tags and attributes available in HTML. In HTML, tags are some instructions that are enclosed in angle braces. With the help of these tages, we can design a more attractive HTML page. Some of the important tags to be used are as follows:
1. <h1> … </h1> to <h5> … </h5>: These tags are called header tags and they are used to give heading to your webpage of different sizes.<h1>…</h1> being the Largest Heading to <h5> …</h5> being the Smallest Heading.
2. Bold Tag (<strong>…</strong> or<b>…</b>): These tags are used to make text look bold.
3. Italic Tag (<i> …</i> or <em>… </em>): These tags are used to make text look italics. The only difference between <i> and <em > is that <em>semantically emphasis on important text or word whereas <i> tag is used to make is just used to make text italics.
4. Ordered List ( <ol> … </ol>): The HTML <ol> tag defines an ordered list. An ordered list can be numerical or alphabetical ., An ordered list starts and ends with a <ol> tag. Each list item starts with <li> tag. We can use the type attribute to define type of ordered list we need to make:
|type=”1″||Numbered with numbers(default)|
|type=”A”||Numbered with Uppercase Alphabets|
|type=”a”||Numbered with Lowercase Alphabets|
|type=”I”||Numbered with Uppercase Roman Numbers|
|type=”i”||Numbered with Lowercase Roman Numbers|
5. Unordered List (<ul>…</ul>): It displays elements in bulletin form . An unordered list starts with <ul > tag and each item starts with <li> tag. We can use the type attribute to define the type of unordered list we need to make:
|type=”disc”||Items are marked in Bulletin. (default)|
|type=”circle”||Items are marked with hollow circles.|
|type=”square”||Items are marked with squares.|
|type=”none”||Items are not marked.|
6. Image Tag: If we need to add an image to our website we need to use the following syntax.
<img src=”filename” alt=”name / bit about image”>
- img: Tells browser that we want to add an image.
- src: Tells source of image for eg image from desktop or a website.
- alt: This attribute is used to describe an image. If the image is not able to download in a web browser due to some reason then alt is shown.
7. Anchor Tag: This tag is mainly used to connect one web page to another.
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Note: Nesting is possible in HTML, which means that we can write one tag between another tag.
HTML Web Page
Here, we create a simple webpage of GeeksforGeeks.