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Difference between Appium and Selenium

Last Updated : 22 Sep, 2023
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Appium is an automation tool that was built for testing all types of applications whether mobile, web or hybrid applications. It is open-source software that was built using the C# programming language. Dan Cuellar developed the Appium in 2011, it has Apache 2 Licence. At first, it was known as iOSAuto but in 2013 it was named Appium when it came as open-source software.

Advantages of Appium:

  • It is open source so anyone can contribute to it.
  • It allows the use of JSON wire protocol making it more robust.
  • It does not require recompiling to reflect changes in-app.
  • It allows automation tests which saves a lot of time.
  • It supports many programming languages like PHP, Java, Python, C#, etc.

Selenium is an open-source browser automation tool with Apache Licence 2.0 and it contains a large number of inbuilt libraries for web application testing. It is capable of automating nearly all the web browsers like Chrome, Brave, Firefox, etc. Its stable version was released in October 2021. It is a cross-platform software that was written using different programming languages like Python, Ruby, JavaScript, etc.

Advantages of Selenium:

  • It is portable and supports different operating systems like Unix, Windows, Linux, Mac OS, etc.
  • Scripts written in selenium support most web browsers.
  • It allows integration with third-party plugins.
  • It has a parallel test execution feature which reduces test execution time.
Difference between Appium and Selenium


Difference between Appium and Selenium:




1. Appium has the ability to automate all types of web applications along with mobile applications. Selenium can automate all types of web applications but it cannot automate mobile applications.
2. It supports the Android operating system. It does not support the Android operating system.
3. Appium does not have the ability of parallel testing. Selenium provides the functionality of parallel testing.
4. Document support of appium is good. Document support of selenium is much better.
5. It does not require coding knowledge for its operation. It requires basic coding knowledge for its use.
6. It needed Node JS in the system for its execution. It does not require Node JS for its execution.
7. It uses an HTTP server for mobile application testing Task automation is done using selenium web drivers.
8. Appium is less popular compared to Selenium. Selenium is a highly popular automation tool.

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