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Challenges in World Of IoT

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 06 Feb, 2023
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IoT stands for “Internet of Things”. It refers to the interconnected network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and connectivity which enables these objects to connect and exchange data. The IoT aims to provide a seamless and autonomous flow of information and enhance the communication between devices, resulting in an intelligent and connected environment. IOT has been facing many areas like Information Technology, Healthcare, Data Analytics and Agriculture. The main focus is on protecting privacy as it is the primary reason for other challenges including government participation. 

Integrated effort from the government, civil society and private sectors would play a vital role in protecting the following values given below in to prevent IoT from getting hampered:

Scalability:

One of the most pressing challenges is scalability. As more and more devices become connected, it becomes increasingly difficult to manage and maintain these devices, and to ensure that they are functioning optimally. This requires the development of scalable infrastructure and management tools, as well as the deployment of AI and machine learning algorithms that can help to automate many of the tasks associated with IoT management. Billions of internet-enabled devices get connected in a huge network, large volumes of data are needed to be processed. The system that stores, analyses the data from these IoT devices needs to be scalable. In present, the era of IoT evolution everyday objects are connected with each other via Internet. The raw data obtained from these devices need big data analytics and cloud storage for interpretation of useful data. 

Interoperability:

 Technological standards in most areas are still fragmented. These technologies need to be converged. Which would help us in establishing a common framework and the standard for the IoT devices. As the standardization process is still lacking, interoperability of IoT with legacy devices should be considered critical. This lack of interoperability is preventing us to move towards the vision of truly connected everyday interoperable smart objects. For IoT devices to be truly useful, they must be able to communicate with each other and work together seamlessly. This requires standardization in the way that these devices communicate, as well as the development of common protocols and APIs.

Lack of government support: 

Unfortunately, the lack of government support is also a hindrance to the growth of the IoT industry. While many countries have begun to recognize the importance of IoT and its potential benefits, many governments are still slow to provide the necessary support and resources to help the industry grow. Government and Regulatory bodies like FDA should come up and bring up regulations by setting up a standard committee for safety and security of devices and people.

 Safety Of Patients:

 Safety of patients is a major concern in healthcare, where IoT technology is being used to monitor and manage patient health. Ensuring the security and privacy of sensitive medical information is vital, as well as ensuring that the devices themselves are safe and reliable. Most Of IoT devices are left unattended, as they are connected with real-world objects. If used on patients as wearable devices, any technical error in security can be life-threatening for patient. 

Security And Personal Privacy:

 Security and personal privacy are also major concerns in the world of IoT. With billions of connected devices collecting and transmitting sensitive information, it is essential that these devices and their data are protected from malicious attacks and hacking. This requires strong security measures, such as encryption and secure protocols, as well as regular software updates to fix vulnerabilities. There has been no research in security vulnerabilities and its improvements. It should ensure Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability of personal data of patient. 

Design Based Challenge: 

Design-based challenges must also be considered. Ensuring that IoT devices are intuitive, user-friendly, and accessible to everyone is critical to their success. This requires the development of accessible and inclusive design principles, as well as the integration of assistive technologies to help those with disabilities to use IoT devices effectively. With the development in technology design challenges are increasing at a faster rate. There have been issues regarding design like limited computation power, limited energy and limited memory which need to be sorted out.

Examples of how these challenges have impacted its development:

  • Security and Privacy Concerns:
    One of the biggest challenges facing the world of IoT is security and privacy. IoT devices collect and store vast amounts of personal data, making them a prime target for hackers and cybercriminals. In 2017, the WannaCry ransomware attack affected over 200,000 computers in 150 countries, including IoT devices such as medical equipment and ATMs. This attack highlighted the need for better security measures to protect personal data and ensure the safe use of IoT devices.
  • Compatibility Issues:
    Another challenge facing the world of IoT is compatibility. With so many different devices and systems, it can be difficult for devices to communicate with each other. This has resulted in the development of numerous proprietary protocols, making it difficult for devices to work together. This can limit the potential for innovation and growth in the IoT market.
  • Cost:
    Addressing the challenges of IoT can be costly, particularly when it comes to security and privacy. The development of secure and privacy-compliant IoT devices requires a significant investment of time and resources. This can make it difficult for smaller companies to compete in the market and slow down the growth of the IoT industry as a whole.
  • Regulation:
    Governments around the world are grappling with how to regulate IoT devices to protect citizens and businesses. However, the introduction of regulations can create obstacles for companies and limit innovation. For example, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) requires companies to obtain consent before collecting personal data and to delete it upon request. This has resulted in the development of privacy-compliant IoT devices, but has also increased the cost of developing these devices and has limited the potential for innovation.
  • Slow Adoption:
    The challenges facing the world of IoT can slow down its adoption, particularly in industries where security and privacy are a major concern. For example, the healthcare industry has been slow to adopt IoT technology due to concerns about data privacy and security. This can limit the potential for growth and innovation in these industries.

 Solutions to overcome these challenges:

  • Security and Privacy Concerns:
    One of the biggest challenges facing the world of IoT is security and privacy. To overcome this challenge, encryption and data anonymization can be used to protect personal data and ensure the safe use of IoT devices. For example, using secure protocols like SSL/TLS and implementing strong authentication methods can help prevent cyberattacks. In addition, using data anonymization techniques, such as aggregating data and removing personally identifiable information, can help protect personal data while still allowing for valuable insights to be gained from IoT data.
  • Compatibility Issues:
    Another challenge facing the world of IoT is compatibility. To overcome this challenge, standardization efforts can be implemented to ensure that devices and systems can communicate with each other. For example, the development of open standards, such as the Internet Protocol (IP), can help to ensure that devices can work together regardless of manufacturer. In addition, the development of common interfaces, such as APIs, can help to ensure that devices can communicate with each other and share data.
  • Cost:
    Addressing the challenges of IoT can be costly, particularly when it comes to security and privacy. To overcome this challenge, companies can collaborate to pool resources and share the cost of development. For example, companies can join industry associations, such as the Internet of Things Consortium, to collaborate on the development of security and privacy standards. In addition, companies can participate in research and development programs to help lower the cost of development.
  • Regulation:
    Governments around the world are grappling with how to regulate IoT devices to protect citizens and businesses. To overcome this challenge, companies can work with governments to develop regulations that support innovation while still protecting privacy and security. For example, companies can participate in stakeholder consultations to provide input into the development of regulations and help ensure that they are both effective and feasible.
  • Slow Adoption:
    The challenges facing the world of IoT can slow down its adoption, particularly in industries where security and privacy are a major concern. To overcome this challenge, companies can educate stakeholders about the benefits of IoT and work to build trust in the technology. For example, companies can demonstrate how IoT can improve healthcare outcomes or increase efficiency in manufacturing. In addition, companies can collaborate with stakeholders to develop privacy and security standards that meet their needs.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the world of IoT faces significant challenges that must be addressed to ensure its continued growth and success. From security and privacy concerns to compatibility issues and limited processing power, these challenges impact the development and growth of IoT in various industries. Addressing these challenges through the use of encryption, data anonymization, standardization efforts, and other solutions will be crucial for the continued success and growth of IoT.


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