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Challenges in Internet of things (IoT)

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 22 Jun, 2021

The Internet of Things (IoT) has fast grown to be a large part of how human beings live, communicate and do business. All across the world, web-enabled devices are turning our global rights into a greater switched-on area to live in.
There are various types of challenges in front of IoT. 

Security challenges in IoT :

  1. Lack of encryption –
    Although encryption is a great way to prevent hackers from accessing data, it is also one of the leading IoT security challenges.
    These drives like the storage and processing capabilities that would be found on a traditional computer.
    The result is an increase in attacks where hackers can easily manipulate the algorithms that were designed for protection.
  2. Insufficient testing and updating –
    With the increase in the number of IoT(internet of things) devices, IoT manufacturers are more eager to produce and deliver their device as fast as they can without giving security too much of although.
    Most of these devices and IoT products do not get enough testing and updates and are prone to hackers and other security issues.
  3. Brute forcing and the risk of default passwords –
    Weak credentials and login details leave nearly all IoT devices vulnerable to password hacking and brute force.
    Any company that uses factory default credentials on their devices is placing both their business and its assets and the customer and their valuable information at risk of being susceptible to a brute force attack.
  4. IoT Malware and ransomware –
    Increases with increase in devices.
    Ransomware uses encryption to effectively lock out users from various devices and platforms and still use a user’s valuable data and info.
    Example –
    A hacker can hijack a computer camera and take pictures.
    By using malware access points, the hackers can demand ransom to unlock the device and return the data.
  5. IoT botnet aiming at cryptocurrency –
    IoT botnet workers can manipulate data privacy, which could be massive risks for an open Crypto market. The exact value and creation of cryptocurrencies code face danger from mal-intentioned hackers.
    The blockchain companies are trying to boost security. Blockchain technology itself is not particularly vulnerable, but the app development process is.

Design challenge in IoT :

  1. Battery life is a limitation –
    Issues in packaging and integration of small-sized chip with low weight and less power consumption. If you’ve been following the mobile space, you’ve likely see how every yr it looks like there’s no restriction in terms of display screen size. Take the upward thrust of ‘phablets’, for instance, which can be telephones nearly as huge as tablets. Although helpful, the bigger monitors aren’t always only for convenience, rather, instead, display screen sizes are growing to accommodate larger batteries. Computers have getting slimmer, but battery energy stays the same.
  2. Increased cost and time to market –
    Embedded systems are lightly constrained by cost.
    The need originates to drive better approaches when designing the IoT devices in order to handle the cost modelling or cost optimally with digital electronic components.
    Designers also need to solve the design time problem and bring the embedded device at the right time to the market.
  3. Security of the system –
    Systems have to be designed and implemented to be robust and reliable and have to be secure with cryptographic algorithms and security procedures.
    It involves different approaches to secure all the components of embedded systems from prototype to deployment.

Deployment challenges in IoT :

  1. Connectivity –
    It is the foremost concern while connecting devices, applications and cloud platforms.
    Connected devices that provide useful front and information are extremely valuable. But poor connectivity becomes a challenge where IoT sensors are required to monitor process data and supply information.
  2. Cross platform capability –
    IoT applications must be developed, keeping in mind the technological changes of the future.
    Its development requires a balance of hardware and software functions.
    It is a challenge for IoT application developers to ensure that the device and IoT platform drivers the best performance despite heavy device rates and fixings.
  3. Data collection and processing –
    In IoT development, data plays an important role. What is more critical here is the processing or usefulness of stored data.
    Along with security and privacy, development teams need to ensure that they plan well for the way data is collected, stored or processed within an environment.
  4. Lack of skill set –
    All of the development challenges above can only be handled if there is a proper skilled resource working on the IoT application development.
    The right talent will always get you past the major challenges and will be an important IoT application development asset.
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