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Calculation of Mean in Continuous Series | Formula of Mean

Last Updated : 07 Aug, 2023
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What is Mean?

Mean is the sum of a set of numbers divided by the total number of values. It is also referred to as the average. For instance, if there are four items in a series, i.e. 2, 5, 8, 3, and 9. The simple arithmetic mean is (2 + 5 + 8 + 3 + 9) / 5 = 5.4.

What is Continuous Series?

In continuous series (grouped frequency distribution), the value of a variable is grouped into several class intervals (such as 0-5,5-10,10-15) along with the corresponding frequencies. The method used to determine the arithmetic average in a continuous series is the same as that used in discrete series. The midpoints of several class intervals replace the class interval in a continuous series. When it is done, a continuous series and a discrete series are the same.

Example of Continuous Series

If 15 students of a class score marks between 50-60, 10 students score marks between 60-70, and 20 students score marks between 70-80, then this information will be shown as:

Continuous Series


Mean in Continuous Series

The arithmetic mean in continuous series can be calculated by using:

  1. Direct Method;
  2. Shortcut Method; and
  3. Step Deviation Method

Example 1:

Calculate the mean of the following data using Direct Method and Short-Cut Method:

Mean in Continuous Series



Mean in Continuous Series


Direct Method:



Mean (\bar{X})  = 43

Short-Cut Method:



Mean (\bar{X})  = 43

Example 2:

Find the missing frequency of the following series if the average marks is 30.5:

Mean in Continuous Series



Let us assume that the missing frequency is f.

Mean in Continuous Series




854 + 30.5f = 920 + 25f

5.5f = 66

f = 12

Missing Frequency (f) = 12

Example 3:

Calculate average profit earned by 50 companies from the following data using Step Deviation Method:

Mean in Continuous Series



Mean in Continuous Series





Average Profit (\bar{X})  = ₹44 Crores

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