# Print a 2 D Array or Matrix in Java

Method 1 (Simple Traversal)
We can find number of rows in a matrix mat[][] using mat.length. To find number of columns in i-th row, we use mat[i].length.

```// Java program to print the elements of
// a 2 D array or matrix
import java.io.*;
class GFG {

public static void print2D(int mat[][])
{
// Loop through all rows
for (int i = 0; i < mat.length; i++)

// Loop through all elements of current row
for (int j = 0; j < mat[i].length; j++)
System.out.print(mat[i][j] + " ");
}

public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
{
int mat[][] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },
{ 5, 6, 7, 8 },
{ 9, 10, 11, 12 } };
print2D(mat);
}
}
```

Output :

`1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 `

Method 2 (Using for-each loop)
This is similar to above. Instead of simple for loops, we use for each loop here.

```// Java program to print the elements of
// a 2 D array or matrix using for-each
import java.io.*;
class GFG {

public static void print2D(int mat[][])
{
// Loop through all rows
for (int[] row : mat)

// Loop through all columns of current row
for (int x : row)
System.out.print(x + " ");
}

public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
{
int mat[][] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },
{ 5, 6, 7, 8 },
{ 9, 10, 11, 12 } };
print2D(mat);
}
}
```

Output :

`1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 `

Method 3 (Prints in matrix style Using Arrays.toString())
Arrays.toString(row) converts the complete row is converted as string and then each row is printed in a separate line.

```// Java program to print the elements of
// a 2 D array or matrix using toString()
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
class GFG {

public static void print2D(int mat[][])
{
// Loop through all rows
for (int[] row : mat)

// converting each row as string
// and then printing in a separate line
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(row));
}

public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
{
int mat[][] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },
{ 5, 6, 7, 8 },
{ 9, 10, 11, 12 } };
print2D(mat);
}
}
```

Output :

```[1, 2, 3, 4]
[5, 6, 7, 8]
[9, 10, 11, 12]
```

This article is contributed by Nikita Tiwari. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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