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Split a List into Two Halves in Java

  • Last Updated : 27 Oct, 2021

Here we are given a list and the task is to split it into two news lists as one can better perceive from the below illustration as follows:

Illustration:

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Input  : list = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
Output : first = {1, 2, 3}, second = {4, 5, 6}

Input  : list = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
Output : first = {1, 2}, second = {3, 4, 5}

Methods: 

  1. Using loops(Naive Approach)
  2. Using subList() method of List class
  3. Using partitioningBy() method of Collectors class
  4. Using Google guava Library

Let us do discuss the above-defined methods to details alongside implementing via clean java programs as follows:



Method 1: Using loops

Approach:

  1. Create two new empty lists and assign the first half element of the original list.
  2. Reset into the second empty list.

Example:

Java




// Java Program to Split a List into Two Sublist
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Method 1
    // To split a list into two sublists in Java
    public static List[] split(List<String> list)
    {
 
        // Creating two empty lists
        List<String> first = new ArrayList<String>();
        List<String> second = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Getting size of the list
        // using size() method
        int size = list.size();
 
        // Step 1
        // (First size)/2 element copy into list
        // first and rest second list
        for (int i = 0; i < size / 2; i++)
            first.add(list.get(i));
 
        // Step 2
        // (Second size)/2 element copy into list first and
        // rest second list
        for (int i = size / 2; i < size; i++)
            second.add(list.get(i));
 
        // Returning a List of array
        return new List[] { first, second };
    }
 
    // Method 2
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Creating an ArrayList of string type
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to list object
        // using add() method
        list.add("Geeks");
        list.add("Practice");
        list.add("Contribute");
        list.add("IDE");
        list.add("Courses");
 
        // Calling split method which return List of array
        List[] lists = split(list);
 
        // Printing specific elements of list by
        // passing arguments with in
        System.out.println(lists[0]);
        System.out.println(lists[1]);
    }
}
Output
[Geeks, Practice]
[Contribute, IDE, Courses]

Method 2: Using subList() method of List class

It returns a view of the portion of this list between the specified index(include) to another index (exclude). For example, let us take arbitrarily from 2 to 5, Here index 2 will include only. In case if both specified indexes are equal, the returned list is empty. The List.subList() returned a list, so non-structural changes in the returned list.

Example:

Java




// Java Program to Split a List into Two SubList
// Using subList() method of List clas
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Method 1
    // To split a list into two sublists in Java
    public static List[] split(List<String> list)
    {
 
        // Finding the size of the list using List.size()
        // and putting in a variable
        int size = list.size();
 
        // Creating new list and inserting values which is
        // returned by List.subList() method
        List<String> first
            = new ArrayList<>(list.subList(0, (size) / 2));
        List<String> second = new ArrayList<>(
            list.subList((size) / 2, size));
 
        // Returning an List of array
        return new List[] { first, second };
    }
 
    // Method 2
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Creatingan ArrayList of String type
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to List object
        // Custom input elements
        list.add("Geeks");
        list.add("Practice");
        list.add("Contribute");
        list.add("IDE");
        list.add("Courses");
 
        // Calling split method which return List of array
        List[] lists = split(list);
 
        // Printing specific elements of list by
        // passing arguments with in
        System.out.println(lists[0]);
        System.out.println(lists[1]);
    }
}
Output



[Geeks, Practice]
[Contribute, IDE, Courses]

Method 3: Using partitioningBy() method of Collectors class 

Java 8 Collectors.partitioningBy() is a method that partitions the elements of stream always in two-part, unlike Naive and List.subList(). It returns a Collector that stores the values in a Map. The key of the map can be only in Boolean.

Syntax: partitioningBy() method 

public static  Collector<T, ?, Map<Boolean, List>> 
partitioningBy(Predicate predicate)

Example:

Java




// Java Program to Split a List into Two Sub-List
/// Using partitioningBy() method of Collectors class
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Method 1
    // To split a list into two sublists in Java
    public static List[] split(List<String> list)
    {
 
        // Setting value of midIndex using comparators
        int midIndex
            = ((list.size() / 2)
               - (((list.size() % 2) > 0) ? 0 : 1));
 
        // Creating object of List with reference to
        // ArrayList class Declaring object List<String>
        // type
        List<List<String> > lists = new ArrayList<>(
            list.stream()
                .collect(Collectors.partitioningBy(
                    s -> list.indexOf(s) > midIndex))
                .values());
 
        // Returning an array containing both lists
        return new List[] { lists.get(0), lists.get(1) };
    }
 
    // Method 2
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Creating an ArrayList of String type
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to List object
        // Using add() method
        list.add("Geeks");
        list.add("Practice");
        list.add("Contribute");
        list.add("IDE");
        list.add("Courses");
 
        // Calling split method which return List of array
        List[] lists = split(list);
 
        // Printing specific elements of list by
        // passing arguments with in
        System.out.println(lists[0]);
        System.out.println(lists[1]);
    }
}
Output
[Geeks, Practice, Contribute]
[IDE, Courses]

Method 4: Using Google guava Library  

Guava is an open-source Java-based library which is developed by Google Inc. In the Guava library, we can use Lists.partition() method that splits the list into consecutive sublists, every list specified size. In order to split the list into two sublists, In our case, we can pass the size that is equal to half the size of our list.

Example 

Java




// Java Program to Split a List into Two Sub-List
 
// Importing Guava library
import com.google.common.collect.Iterables;
// Importing required classes
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Method 1
    // To split a list into two sublists in Java
    public static List[] split(List<String> list)
    {
 
        // Partition the List into two sublists and
        // getting iterator
        Iterator<List<String> > itr
            = Iterables.partition(list, (list.size()) / 2)
                  .iterator();
 
        // Returning an array containing both lists
        return new List[] { new ArrayList<>(itr.next()),
                            new ArrayList<>(itr.next()) };
    }
 
    // Method 2
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Creating an ArrayList of stirng type
        List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements t oabove object
        // Custom input elements
        list.add("Geeks");
        list.add("Practice");
        list.add("Contribute");
        list.add("IDE");
        list.add("Courses");
 
        // Calling split method which return List of array
        List[] lists = split(list);
 
        // Printing specific elements of list by
        // passing arguments with in
        System.out.println(lists[0]);
        System.out.println(lists[1]);
    }
}
Output
[Geeks, Practice]
[Contribute, IDE]



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