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Analogy Reasoning Questions and Answers

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Analogy is a topic of Logical Reasoning where the two things are compared and conclusions are drawn based on their similarities. Analogies questions are asked in various forms. These questions are also very important in the for the Verbal Ability section of the competitive examinations like SSC, Banking, RBI etc. 

The following article contains various types of questions asked from the section of analogies in reasoning. Try and practice Analogies Questions and Answers while preparing for exams.

Types of Analogies in Reasoning

1. Numerical Analogy

Numerical Analogy or Analogies questions based on numbers are often noticed in the logical reasoning section of examinations. Numerical analogies are a type of Analogies in Reasoning in which two numerical pairs are presented with similar characteristics and the candidate must then find the missing number which has a relationship to the “?” that is the same as the one between the first two numbers.

2. Letter/Word Analogy

Letter or Word Analogies in Reasoning is an important topic to prepare for examination. A pair of letters or words are presented in a certain likeness between them in this form of analogy reasoning. Candidates must determine the similarities between the first two words and select the word from the alternatives that has the same similarities to the “?” as the first two.

3. Image-Based Analogy

A pair of Images are given in a particular likeness between the images in this form of analogy reasoning. Another image with comparable characteristics is also given. Candidates must be able to find out the similarities between the first two images and then choose the accurate image for the “?” similarities as the first two.

Analogy Questions and Answers

Directions (1-5): There is a certain relation between two given words on one side of:: and one word is given on another side of:: while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the given pair has. 

Q1. Federal Reserve System: USA:: RBI:?

1. India
2. Pakistan
3. The United Kingdom
4. Brazil

Answer: 1
Solution: Federal Reserve System is the central bank of the USA. Similarly, RBI is the central bank of India. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer.

Q2. Joey : Kangaroo:: Calf:?

1. Dog
2. Cattle
3. Cat
4. Rhinoceros

Answer: 2
Solution: Young Kangaroo is called Joey. Similarly, a young one of Cattle is called Calf. Hence, option 2 is the correct answer.
 

Q3. Cork: Pop:: Coins : ?

1. Tinkle
2. Ring
3. Rattle
4. Zoom

Answer: 1
Solution: Pop is the sound made by Cork. Similarly, Tinkle is the sound made by coins. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer.

Q4. Octopus : Mollusca :: Earthworm : ?

1. Vertebrata
2. Arthropod
3. Platyhelminthes
4. Annelida

Answer: 4
Solution: Octopus belongs to the Mollusca family. Similarly, Earthworm belongs to Annelida. Hence, option 4 is the correct answer.

Q5. Goa : Panaji:: Gujarat: ?

1. Ahmedabad
2. Porbandar
3. Gandhinagar
4. Kandla

Answer: 3
Solution: Panaji is the capital of Goa. Similarly, Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat. Hence, option 3 is the correct answer.

Q6. Which of the following is the same as Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar ?
1. Pakistan
2. Thailand
3. Malaysia
4. Indonesia

Answer: 1
Solution: Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar & Pakistan are the countries that touch their boundaries with India. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer.

Q7. Which of the following is the same as Toyota, Honda, BMW ? 

1. TVS
2. Bajaj
3. Hero
4. Mercedes

Answer: 4
Solution: Toyota, Honda, BMW, and Mercedes are four-wheel vehicle companies. Hence, option 4 is the correct answer.

Q8. Which of the following is the same as Chemistry, Physics, Biology ?

1. English 
2. Science
3. Maths
4. Hindi

Answer: 2
Solution: Chemistry, Physics & Biology are part of Science. Hence, option 2 is the correct answer.

Q9. Which of the following is the same as New Delhi, Tokyo, Dhaka ?

1. Sri Lanka
2. Pakistan
3. Bhutan
4. Kathmandu

Answer: 4
Solution: New Delhi, Tokyo, Dhaka & Kathmandu are the capital of different countries. Hence, option 4 is the correct answer.

Q10. Which of the following is the same as LBW, Bowled, Caught?

1. Six
2. Four
3. Runout
4. No ball

Answer: 3
Solution: LBW, Bowled, Caught & Runout are different types of outs in cricket. Hence, option 3 is the correct answer.

Q11. Which of the following is the same as Australia, America, Antarctica?

1. India
2. Europe
3. Japan
4. New Zealand

Answer: 2
Solution: Australia, America, Antarctica, and Europe are Continents. Hence, option 2 is the correct answer.

Q12. ‘Warning’ is related to ‘Danger’ in the same way ‘Mystery’ is related to___________?

1. Clue
2. Risk
3. History
4. Direction

Answer: 1
Solution: Warning can help to prevent danger. Similarly, Clue can help to solve mysteries. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer.

Q13. ‘Badminton’ is related to ‘Court’ in the same way ‘Cricket’ is related to__________?

1. Ring
2. Arena
3. Pool
4. Stadium

Answer: 4
Solution: Badminton is played in court. Similarly, Cricket is played in Stadium. Hence, option 4 is the correct answer,

Q14.  Language’ is related to ‘Semantics’ in the same way as ‘Skull’ is related to ‘_______’.

1. Mycology 
2. Craniology
3. Conchology 
4. Astrology

Answer: 2
Solution: As Semantics is the field of study of Language. Similarly, Craniology is the field of study of the Skull. Hence, option 2 is the correct answer.

Q15. Bromine is related to Halogen in the same way as Krypton is related to ______.

1. Inert Gas 
2. Radioactive element
3. Metal 
4. Gas

Answer: 1
Solution: Krypton belongs to the 18th group of the table.18th group represents noble gas or inert gas. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer. 

Q16. ‘Taj Mahal is related to ‘Agra’ in the same way ‘Victoria Memorial’ is related to ‘_____.’

1. Kolkata 
2. Kerala
3. Mumbai 
4. New Delhi

Answer: 1
Solution: Taj Mahal is situated in Agra city and Victoria Memorial is situated in Kolkata. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer.

Q17. ‘Algebra’ is related to ‘Maths’ in the same way as ‘Optics’ is related to ______’

1. Physics 
2. Electronics
3. Geography 
4. Biology

Answer: 1
Solution: As, Algebra is a chapter segment in Maths subject. Similarly, Optics is a chapter segment in Physics subject. Hence, option 1 is the correct answer.

Q18. Select the option that is related to the third term in the same way as the second term is related to the first term.
Ichthyology : Fishes :: Pedology : ?

1. Shells 
2. Names
3. Soil 
4. Moon

Answer: 3
Solution: As ichthyology is the study of fishes. Similarly, pedology is the scientific study of soil. Hence, option 3 is the correct answer.

Q19. As the ‘temperature’ is related to ‘Degree’, in the same way, ‘Time’ is related to ‘__________’.

1. Meter 
2. Liter
3. Second 
4. Newton

Answer: 3
Solution: Relationship is- Quantity : its unit. As, a unit of temperature is a degree. Similarly, a unit of time is second. Hence, option 3 is the correct answer.

Q20. Select the option in which the words share the same relationship as that shared by the given pair of words.
Helmet : Head

1. Shirt: Hanger 
2. Shoe: Shoe rack
3. Gloves: Hands 
4. Water: Bottle

Answer: 3
Solution: Helmet is worn on the head. Similarly, gloves are worn on the hands. Hence, option 3 is the correct answer. 



Last Updated : 18 Apr, 2023
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