# Matching Definitions – Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers

Last Updated : 22 Nov, 2023

Matching Definitions Questions: Matching Definitions is a key aspect of logical reasoning. It tests your ability to correctly pair terms with their meanings. This skill is used in academic and professional contexts to gauge critical thinking and understanding. In matching definition in reasoning, you’re given a list of words and their meanings. The challenge is to match each word with its correct definition. It involves a good grasp of vocabulary, careful reading, and attention to language nuances.

## Matching Definitions – Solved Examples

### Solved Example 1: Applying for Seasonal Employment: Requesting a job dependent on a particular season or time of year.

Which situation below is the best example of Applying for Seasonal Employment?

• A) The ski instructors at Top of the Peak Ski School work from December through March.
• B) Matthew prefers jobs that allow him to work outdoors.
• C) Lucinda makes an appointment with the beach resort restaurant manager to interview for the summer waitressing position that was advertised in the newspaper.
• D) Doug’s ice cream shop stays open until 11 p.m. during the summer months.

Answer: C) Lucinda makes an appointment with the beach resort restaurant manager to interview for the summer waitressing position that was advertised in the newspaper.

Explanation: Applying for Seasonal Employment involves seeking a job that is tied to a specific season or time of year. Lucinda’s interview for a summer waitressing position corresponds to this definition.

### Solved Example 2: Amphibian: A cold-blooded vertebrate animal, such as a frog or salamander, that lives both in water and on land.

Which of the following animals is an example of an amphibian?

• A) Lion
• B) Penguin
• C) Frog
• D) Snake

Explanation: An amphibian is a vertebrate animal that can live both in water and on land. A frog is a classic example of an amphibian.

### Solved Example 3: Ecosystem: A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

What term describes a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment?

• A) Microorganism
• B) Organism
• C) Ecosystem
• D) Environment

Explanation: An ecosystem is precisely defined as a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

### Solved Example 4: Meteorology: The scientific study of the Earth’s atmosphere, especially in relation to weather forecasting.

What field of study focuses on the scientific examination of the Earth’s atmosphere, particularly in connection with weather forecasting?

• A) Geology
• B) Anthropology
• C) Meteorology
• D) Zoology

Explanation: Meteorology is the scientific study of the Earth’s atmosphere, specifically with regard to weather forecasting.

### Solved Example 5: Volcano: A mountain or hill with a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are or have been erupted from the Earth’s crust.

Which geological feature has a crater or vent from which lava and gases erupt?

• A) Desert
• B) Volcano
• C) River
• D) Canyon

Explanation: A volcano is defined as a mountain or hill with a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas have erupted from the Earth’s crust.

### Solved Example 6: Photosynthesis: The process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods with the help of chlorophyll.

What is the process by which plants use sunlight to create food with the aid of chlorophyll?

• A) Respiration
• B) Photosynthesis
• C) Digestion
• D) Fermentation

Explanation: Photosynthesis is the precise process by which green plants and certain other organisms utilize sunlight, along with chlorophyll, to synthesize food.

### Solved Example 7: Democracy: A system of government in which the people exercise authority through elected representatives.

Which form of government allows people to wield authority through their chosen representatives?

• A) Monarchy
• B) Autocracy
• C) Democracy
• D) Dictatorship

Explanation: Democracy is a system of government in which the people exercise authority by electing representatives to represent their interests.

### Solved Example 8: Tsunami: A series of ocean waves with extremely long wavelengths caused by large-scale disturbances, typically earthquakes or volcanic eruptions.

What is the term for a series of ocean waves with exceptionally long wavelengths, often triggered by significant events like earthquakes or volcanic eruptions?

• B) Tsunami
• C) Hurricane
• D) Typhoon

Explanation: A tsunami is defined as a series of ocean waves with very long wavelengths, typically resulting from significant disturbances like earthquakes or volcanic eruptions.

### Solved Example 9: Gravity: The force that attracts two bodies toward each other, proportional to their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance separating them.

What is the name of the force that draws two objects toward each other, influenced by their masses and the distance between them?

• A) Magnetism
• B) Electricity
• C) Friction
• D) Gravity

Explanation: Gravity is the force responsible for pulling two objects toward each other, with its strength determined by their masses and the distance separating them.

### Solved Example 10: Constitution: A fundamental set of laws and principles that establishes the framework of a government.

What is the term for a foundational set of laws and principles that outlines the structure of a government?

• A) Declaration
• B) Charter
• C) Constitution
• D) Covenant