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Web Browser

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  • Last Updated : 10 Nov, 2022
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When we need any kind of information most of the time we get help from the Internet, and we get information. The Internet provides us useful information easily; we use mobile phones, computers, and tablets. We searched for a lot of things in our daily life, so we get information about all over the world, but we can not get information by just only getting connected to the Internet. We need a platform where we can search for our questions. The platform that provides such kinds of services is called a web browser, without a web browser internet will not be able to provide information. 

What is the Web Browser?

The web browser is an application software to explore www (World Wide Web). It provides an interface between the server and the client and requests to the server for web documents and services. It works as a compiler to render HTML which is used to design a webpage. Whenever we search anything on the internet, the browser loads a web page written in HTML, including text, links, images, and other items such as style sheets and JavaScript functions. Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, Safari are examples of web browsers. 

History of the web browser

The first web browser WorldWideWeb was invented in the year of 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee. Later, it becomes Nexus. In the year of 1993, a new browser Mosaic was invented by Mark Andreessen and their team. It was the first browser to display text and images at a time on the device screen. He also invents another browser Netscape in 1994. Next year Microsoft launched a web browser Internet Explorer which was already installed in Windows operating system. After this many browsers were invented with various features like Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera, etc. 

How does a web browser work?

A web browser helps us find information anywhere on the internet. It is installed on the client computer and requests information from the webserver such a type of working model is called a client-server model. 

Client-server model

The browser receives information through HTTP protocol. In which transmission of data is defined. When the browser received data from the server, it is rendered by HTML to user-readable form and, information displayed on the device screen. 

Website Cookies

When we visited any website over the internet our web browser stores information about us in small files called cookies. Cookies are designed to remember stateful information about our browsing history. Some more cookies are used to remember about us like our interests, our browsing patterns, etc. Websites show us ads based on our interests using cookies. 

Some popular Web Browsers

There are some popular and most used web browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Safari, etc. 

Google Chrome

Google Chrome is the world’s most used web browser. In 77% of devices, Google Chrome is used. This browser developed by Google in 2008 for Microsoft Windows. Later it used in macOS, Linux, Android, iOS operating systems. It is a very reliable browser and available in 47 languages. The installation process of Google Chrome is very easy and free for everyone. 

Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Firefox also knows as the Firefox browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation in 2002. It is available on Linux, Microsoft Windows, Android, and iOS operating systems. In the Linux system, the Mozilla Firefox is the default installed browser. 

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