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PostgreSQL – CAST

  • Last Updated : 28 Aug, 2020

PostgreSQL supports a CAST operator that is used to convert a value of one type to another.

Syntax: CAST ( expression AS target_type );

Let’s analyze the above syntax:

  • First, specify an expression that can be a constant, a table column, an expression that evaluates to a value.
  • Then, specify the target data type to which you want to convert the result of the expression.

Example 1:

The following statement converts a string constant to an integer:

SELECT
 CAST ('100' AS INTEGER);

Output:



psql cast

If the expression cannot be converted to the target type, PostgreSQL will raise an error. See the following:

SELECT
 CAST ('10C' AS INTEGER);

This will result to the below-depicted error:

psql cast

Example 2:

This example uses the CAST to convert a string to a date:

SELECT
   CAST ('2020-01-01' AS DATE),
   CAST ('01-OCT-2020' AS DATE);

Output:

psql cast

Example 3:

This example uses the CAST() to convert the string ‘true’, ‘T’ to true and ‘false’, ‘F’ to false:

SELECT 
   CAST('true' AS BOOLEAN),
   CAST('false' as BOOLEAN),
   CAST('T' as BOOLEAN),
   CAST('F' as BOOLEAN);

Output:

psql cast

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