OrderedDict in Python
An OrderedDict is a dictionary subclass that remembers the order that keys were first inserted. The only difference between dict() and OrderedDict() is that:
OrderedDict preserves the order in which the keys are inserted. A regular dict doesn’t track the insertion order, and iterating it gives the values in an arbitrary order. By contrast, the order the items are inserted is remembered by OrderedDict.
This is a Dict: ('a', 1) ('c', 3) ('b', 2) ('d', 4) This is an Ordered Dict: ('a', 1) ('b', 2) ('c', 3) ('d', 4)
1. Key value Change: If the value of a certain key is changed, the position of the key remains unchanged in OrderedDict.
Before: ('a', 1) ('b', 2) ('c', 3) ('d', 4) After: ('a', 1) ('b', 2) ('c', 5) ('d', 4)
2. Deletion and Re-Inserting: Deleting and re-inserting the same key will push it to the back as OrderedDict, however, maintains the order of insertion.
Before deleting: ('a', 1) ('b', 2) ('c', 3) ('d', 4) After deleting: ('a', 1) ('b', 2) ('d', 4) After re-inserting: ('a', 1) ('b', 2) ('d', 4) ('c', 3)
- Ordered dict in Python version 2.7 consumes more memory than normal dict. This is due to the underlying Doubly Linked List implementation for keeping the order. In Python 2.7 Ordered Dict is not dict subclass, it’s a specialized container from collections module.
- Starting from Python 3.7, insertion order of Python dictionaries is guaranteed.
- Ordered Dict can be used as a stack with the help of popitem function. Try implementing LRU cache with Ordered Dict.
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