Minimum cells traversed to reach corner where every cell represents jumps

Suppose A is at position (0, 0) of a 2-D grid containing ‘m’ rows and ‘n’ columns. His aim is to reach the bottom right point of this grid traveling through as minimum number of cells as possible.

Each cell of the grid contains a positive integer that defines the number of cells A can jump either in the right or the downward direction when he reaches that cell.

Find the minimum no of cells that need to be touched in order to reach bottom right corner.



Examples:

Input : 2 4 2
        5 3 8
        1 1 1
Output :
So following two paths exist to reach (2, 2) from (0, 0)
(0, 0) => (0, 2) => (2, 2) 
(0, 0) => (2, 0) => (2, 1) => (2, 2) 

Hence the output for this test case should be 3 

Following is a Breadth First Search(BFS) solution of the problem:

  1. Think of this matrix as tree and (0, 0) as root and apply BFS using level order traversal.
  2. Push the coordinates and no of jumps in a queue.
  3. Pop the queue after every level of tree.
  4. Add the value at cell to the coordinates while traversing right and downward direction.
  5. Return no of cells touched while jumping when it reaches bottom right corner.

C++

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// C++ program to reach bottom right corner using
// minimum jumps.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define R 3
#define C 3
  
// function to check coordinates are in valid range.
bool safe(int x, int y)
{
    if (x < R && y < C && x >= 0 && y >= 0)
        return true;
    return false;
}
  
// function to return minimum no of cells to reach
// bottom right cell.
int matrixJump(int M[R][C], int R1, int C1)
{
    queue<pair<int, pair<int, int> > > q;
  
    // push the no of cells and coordinates in a queue.
    q.push(make_pair(1, make_pair(R1, C1)));
  
    while (!q.empty()) {
        int x = q.front().second.first; // x coordinate
        int y = q.front().second.second; // y coordinate
        int no_of_cells = q.front().first; // no of cells
  
        q.pop();
  
        // when it reaches bottom right return no of cells
        if (x == R - 1 && y == C - 1)            
            return no_of_cells;
  
        int v = M[x][y];
  
        if (safe(x + v, y))
            q.push(make_pair(no_of_cells + 1, make_pair(x + v, y)));
  
        if (safe(x, y + v))
            q.push(make_pair(no_of_cells + 1, make_pair(x, y + v)));
    }
  
    // when destination cannot be reached
    return -1;
}
  
// driver function
int main()
{
    int M[R][C] = { { 2, 4, 2 },
                    { 5, 3, 8 },
                    { 1, 1, 1 } };
    cout << matrixJump(M, 0, 0);
    return 0;
}

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Python3

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# Python3 program to reach bottom 
# right corner using minimum jumps. 
  
R, C = 3, 3
  
# Function to check coordinates are in valid range. 
def safe(x, y): 
  
    if x < R and y < C and x >= 0 and y >= 0
        return True
    return False
  
# Function to return minimum no of 
# cells to reach bottom right cell. 
def matrixJump(M, R1, C1): 
  
    q = [] 
  
    # push the no of cells and coordinates in a queue. 
    q.append((1, (R1, C1))) 
  
    while len(q) != 0
        x = q[0][1][0] # x coordinate 
        y = q[0][1][1] # y coordinate 
        no_of_cells = q[0][0] # no of cells 
  
        q.pop(0
  
        # when it reaches bottom right return no of cells 
        if x == R - 1 and y == C - 1:         
            return no_of_cells 
  
        v = M[x][y] 
  
        if safe(x + v, y): 
            q.append((no_of_cells + 1, (x + v, y))) 
  
        if safe(x, y + v): 
            q.append((no_of_cells + 1, (x, y + v))) 
      
    # when destination cannot be reached 
    return -1
  
# Driver code 
if __name__ == "__main__"
  
    M = [[2, 4, 2], 
        [5, 3, 8], 
        [1, 1, 1]]
          
    print(matrixJump(M, 0, 0))
  
# This code is contributed by Rituraj Jain

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Output:

 3

Time Complexity : O(n)
Auxiliary Space : O(n)

This article is contributed by Kshitiz Gupta. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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Improved By : rituraj_jain



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