Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

Largest value of K that a set of all possible subset-sum values of given Array contains numbers [0, K]

  • Last Updated : 15 Nov, 2021

Given an array arr[] of N integers, the task is to find the maximum count of K, i.e, consecutive integers from 0 to K, that is present in the set S, where S contains all the possible subset-sum values of the array arr[].

Examples:

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with experts, please refer DSA Live Classes for Working Professionals and Competitive Programming Live for Students.

Input: arr[] = {1, 3}
Output: 2
Explanation: The possible subsets are {}, {1}, {3}, {1, 3} and there respective sums are {0, 1, 3, 4}. Therefore the maximum count of consecutive integers starting from 0 in the set containing all the subset sums is 2 (i.e, {0, 1}).



Input: arr[] = {1, 1, 1, 4}
Output: 8
Explanation: The set containing all the subset sums of the given array is {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}. Therefore the maximum count of consecutive integers starting from 0 is 8.

 

Naive Approach: The given problem can be solved using Dynamic Programming by maintaining all the possible subset sums in an array which and be done using Knapsack Technique. Thereafter, calculating the maximum count of consecutive integers.

Time Complexity: O(N*K) where K represents the sum of all elements in the array arr[].
Auxiliary Space: O(K)

Efficient Approach: The above problem can be solved using a Greedy Approach. Suppose the set containing all the subset sums of the array arr[] contains all integers in the range [0, X]. If a new number Y is introduced in the array, all integers in the range [Y, X + Y] will also be possible as the subset-sum. Using this observation, the given problem can be solved using the steps below: 

  • Sort the given array in non-decreasing order.
  • Maintain a variable, say X as 0 which denotes that the integers in the range [0, X] are possible as the subset-sum of the given array arr[].
  • In order to hold the continuity of consecutive integers, arr[i] <= X + 1 must hold true. Therefore, traverse the given array for each i in range [0, N), ifthe value of arr[i] <= X + 1, then update the value of X = X + arr[i]. Otherwise, break out of the loop.
  • After completing the above steps, the count of integers in the range [0, X] i.e., (X + 1).

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find maximum count of
// consecutive integers from 0 in set
// S of all possible subset-sum
int maxConsecutiveCnt(vector<int> arr)
{
    // Stores the maximum possible integer
    int X = 0;
 
    // Sort the given array in
    // non-decreasing order
    sort(arr.begin(), arr.end());
 
    // Iterate the given array
    for (int i = 0; i < arr.size(); i++) {
 
        // If arr[i] <= X+1, then update
        // X otherwise break the loop
        if (arr[i] <= (X + 1)) {
            X = X + arr[i];
        }
        else {
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Return Answer
    return X + 1;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    vector<int> arr = { 1, 1, 1, 4 };
    cout << maxConsecutiveCnt(arr);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.Arrays;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to find maximum count of
    // consecutive integers from 0 in set
    // S of all possible subset-sum
    public static int maxConsecutiveCnt(int[] arr)
    {
       
        // Stores the maximum possible integer
        int X = 0;
 
        // Sort the given array in
        // non-decreasing order
        Arrays.sort(arr);
 
        // Iterate the given array
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
 
            // If arr[i] <= X+1, then update
            // X otherwise break the loop
            if (arr[i] <= (X + 1)) {
                X = X + arr[i];
            } else {
                break;
            }
        }
 
        // Return Answer
        return X + 1;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        int[] arr = { 1, 1, 1, 4 };
        System.out.println(maxConsecutiveCnt(arr));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by gfgking.

Python3




# python program for the above approach
 
# Function to find maximum count of
# consecutive integers from 0 in set
# S of all possible subset-sum
def maxConsecutiveCnt(arr):
 
    # Stores the maximum possible integer
    X = 0
 
    # Sort the given array in
    # non-decreasing order
    arr.sort()
 
    # Iterate the given array
    for i in range(0, len(arr)):
 
        # If arr[i] <= X+1, then update
        # X otherwise break the loop
        if (arr[i] <= (X + 1)):
            X = X + arr[i]
 
        else:
            break
 
    # Return Answer
    return X + 1
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    arr = [1, 1, 1, 4]
    print(maxConsecutiveCnt(arr))
 
# This code is contributed by rakeshsahni

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
 
    // Function to find maximum count of
    // consecutive integers from 0 in set
    // S of all possible subset-sum
    public static int maxConsecutiveCnt(int[] arr)
    {
 
        // Stores the maximum possible integer
        int X = 0;
 
        // Sort the given array in
        // non-decreasing order
        Array.Sort(arr);
 
        // Iterate the given array
        for (int i = 0; i < arr.Length; i++)
        {
 
            // If arr[i] <= X+1, then update
            // X otherwise break the loop
            if (arr[i] <= (X + 1))
            {
                X = X + arr[i];
            }
            else
            {
                break;
            }
        }
 
        // Return Answer
        return X + 1;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
        int[] arr = { 1, 1, 1, 4 };
        Console.Write(maxConsecutiveCnt(arr));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by gfgking.

Javascript




       // JavaScript Program to implement
        // the above approach
 
        // Function to find maximum count of
        // consecutive integers from 0 in set
        // S of all possible subset-sum
        function maxConsecutiveCnt(arr)
        {
         
            // Stores the maximum possible integer
            let X = 0;
 
            // Sort the given array in
            // non-decreasing order
            arr.sort(function (a, b) { return a - b })
 
            // Iterate the given array
            for (let i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
 
                // If arr[i] <= X+1, then update
                // X otherwise break the loop
                if (arr[i] <= (X + 1)) {
                    X = X + arr[i];
                }
                else {
                    break;
                }
            }
 
            // Return Answer
            return X + 1;
        }
 
        // Driver Code
        let arr = [1, 1, 1, 4];
        document.write(maxConsecutiveCnt(arr));
 
// This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh
    </script>

 
 

Output: 
8

 

 

Time Complexity: O(N*log N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

 




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!