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Find the first repeating element in an array of integers

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Given an array of integers arr[], The task is to find the index of first repeating element in it i.e. the element that occurs more than once and whose index of the first occurrence is the smallest. 

Examples: 

Input: arr[] = {10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6}
Output:
Explanation: 5 is the first element that repeats

Input: arr[] = {6, 10, 5, 4, 9, 120, 4, 6, 10}
Output:
Explanation: 6 is the first element that repeats

Recommended Practice

Naive Approach: Below is the idea to solve the problem

Run two nested loops, the outer loop picks an element one by one, and the inner loop checks whether the element is repeated or not. Once a repeating element is found, break the loops and print the element.

C++

// Including necessary header files
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the index of first repeating element in
// an array
int firstRepeatingElement(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Nested loop to check for repeating elements
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        for (int j = i + 1; j < n; j++) {
            // If a repeating element is found, return its
            // index
            if (arr[i] == arr[j]) {
                return i;
            }
        }
    }
    // If no repeating element is found, return -1
    return -1;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // Initializing an array and its size
    int arr[] = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    // Finding the index of first repeating element
    int index = firstRepeatingElement(arr, n);
 
    // Checking if any repeating element is found or not
    if (index == -1) {
        cout << "No repeating element found!" << endl;
    }
    else {
        // Printing the first repeating element and its
        // index
        cout << "First repeating element is " << arr[index]
             << endl;
    }
 
    return 0;
}

                    

Java

// Java code for the approach
 
import java.util.*;
 
public class GFG {
    // Function to find the index of first repeating element in an array
    public static int firstRepeatingElement(int[] arr, int n) {
        // Nested loop to check for repeating elements
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            for (int j = i + 1; j < n; j++) {
                // If a repeating element is found, return its index
                if (arr[i] == arr[j]) {
                    return i;
                }
            }
        }
        // If no repeating element is found, return -1
        return -1;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Initializing an array and its size
        int[] arr = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
        int n = arr.length;
        // Finding the index of first repeating element
        int index = firstRepeatingElement(arr, n);
 
        // Checking if any repeating element is found or not
        if (index == -1) {
            System.out.println("No repeating element found!");
        }
        else {
            // Printing the first repeating element and its index
            System.out.println("First repeating element is " + arr[index]);
        }
    }
}

                    

Python3

# Python3 code for the approach
 
# Function to find the index of first repeating element in an array
def firstRepeatingElement(arr, n):
  # Nested loop to check for repeating elements
  for i in range(n):
    for j in range(i+1, n):
      # If a repeating element is found, return its index
      if arr[i] == arr[j]:
        return i
       
  # If no repeating element is found, return -1
  return -1
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
  # Initializing an array and its size
  arr = [10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6]
  n = len(arr)
   
  # Finding the index of first repeating element
  index = firstRepeatingElement(arr, n)
   
  # Checking if any repeating element is found or not
  if index == -1:
      print("No repeating element found!")
  else:
      # Printing the first repeating element and its index
      print("First repeating element is", arr[index])

                    

C#

using System;
 
public class Program
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Initializing an array and its size
        int[] arr = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
        int n = arr.Length;
 
        // Initializing variables to keep track of the minimum index and
        // minimum value of the repeating element
        int minIndex = n;
        int minValue = int.MaxValue;
 
        // Creating a dictionary to store the last seen index of each element
        var dict = new System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<int, int>();
 
        // Iterating over the array from left to right
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            int val = arr[i];
 
            // If the element is not in the dictionary, add it with its index
            if (!dict.ContainsKey(val))
            {
                dict[val] = i;
            }
            // If the element is already in the dictionary, update the minimum index
            // and minimum value if necessary
            else
            {
                int index = dict[val];
                if (index < minIndex || (index == minIndex && val < minValue))
                {
                    minIndex = index;
                    minValue = val;
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Checking if any repeating element is found or not
        if (minIndex == n)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("No repeating element found!");
        }
        else
        {
            // Printing the first repeating element and its index
            Console.WriteLine("First repeating element is " + minValue + " at index " + minIndex);
        }
    }
}

                    

Javascript

function firstRepeatingElement(arr) {
    // Nested loop to check for repeating elements
    for (let i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
        for (let j = i + 1; j < arr.length; j++) {
            // If a repeating element is found, return its index
            if (arr[i] === arr[j]) {
                return i;
            }
        }
    }
    // If no repeating element is found, return -1
    return -1;
}
 
// Driver code
const arr = [10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6];
// Finding the index of first repeating element
const index = firstRepeatingElement(arr);
 
// Checking if any repeating element is found or not
if (index === -1) {
    console.log("No repeating element found!");
} else {
    // Printing the first repeating element and its index
    console.log("First repeating element is", arr[index]);
}

                    

Output
First repeating element is 5

Time Complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Find the first repeating element in an array of integers using sorting:

Below is the idea to solve the problem.

Store the elements of arr[] in a duplicate array temp[], sort temp[] and traverse arr[] from 0 to N – 1, Simultaneously check the count of this element in temp[] and if the current element arr[i] has more than one occurrence then return arr[i].

Follow the steps below to Implement the idea: 

  • Copy the given array to an auxiliary array temp[] and sort temp array. 
  • Traverse the input array arr[] from 0 to N – 1
  • If no repeating element is found print “No Repeating Number Found”.

Time complexity: O(NlogN).
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

Find the first repeating element in an array of integers using Hashset

Below is the idea to solve the problem

The idea is to traverse the given array arr[] from right to left and update the minimum index whenever, an already visited element has been found. To check if the element was already visited Hashset can be used. 

Follow the steps below to implement the idea:

  • Initialize an empty Hashset myset and a variable min with -1.  
  • Run a for loop for each index of array arr[] from N – 1 to 0.
    • If the current element is present in myset then update min with i.
    • Else insert arr[i] in myset. 
  • Return min.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

C++

/* C++ program to find first repeating element in arr[] */
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// This function prints the first repeating element in arr[]
void printFirstRepeating(int arr[], int n)
{
    // Initialize index of first repeating element
    int min = -1;
 
    // Creates an empty hashset
    set<int> myset;
 
    // Traverse the input array from right to left
    for (int i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        // If element is already in hash set, update min
        if (myset.find(arr[i]) != myset.end())
            min = i;
 
        else // Else add element to hash set
            myset.insert(arr[i]);
    }
 
    // Print the result
    if (min != -1)
        cout << "The first repeating element is "
             << arr[min];
    else
        cout << "There are no repeating elements";
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
 
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    printFirstRepeating(arr, n);
}
// This article is contributed by Chhavi

                    

Java

/* Java program to find first repeating element in arr[] */
import java.util.*;
 
class Main {
    // This function prints the first repeating element in
    // arr[]
    static void printFirstRepeating(int arr[])
    {
        // Initialize index of first repeating element
        int min = -1;
 
        // Creates an empty hashset
        HashSet<Integer> set = new HashSet<>();
 
        // Traverse the input array from right to left
        for (int i = arr.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            // If element is already in hash set, update min
            if (set.contains(arr[i]))
                min = i;
 
            else // Else add element to hash set
                set.add(arr[i]);
        }
 
        // Print the result
        if (min != -1)
            System.out.println(
                "The first repeating element is "
                + arr[min]);
        else
            System.out.println(
                "There are no repeating elements");
    }
 
    // Driver method to test above method
    public static void main(String[] args)
        throws java.lang.Exception
    {
        int arr[] = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
        printFirstRepeating(arr);
    }
}

                    

Python3

# Python3 program to find first repeating
# element in arr[]
 
# This function prints the first repeating
# element in arr[]
 
 
def printFirstRepeating(arr, n):
 
    # Initialize index of first repeating element
    Min = -1
 
    # Creates an empty hashset
    myset = dict()
 
    # Traverse the input array from right to left
    for i in range(n - 1, -1, -1):
 
        # If element is already in hash set,
        # update Min
        if arr[i] in myset.keys():
            Min = i
 
        else# Else add element to hash set
            myset[arr[i]] = 1
 
    # Print the result
    if (Min != -1):
        print("The first repeating element is",
              arr[Min])
    else:
        print("There are no repeating elements")
 
 
# Driver Code
arr = [10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6]
 
n = len(arr)
printFirstRepeating(arr, n)
 
# This code is contributed by Mohit kumar 29

                    

C#

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
/* C# program to find first repeating element in arr[] */
 
public class GFG {
    // This function prints the first repeating element in
    // arr[]
    public static void printFirstRepeating(int[] arr)
    {
        // Initialize index of first repeating element
        int min = -1;
 
        // Creates an empty hashset
        HashSet<int> set = new HashSet<int>();
 
        // Traverse the input array from right to left
        for (int i = arr.Length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            // If element is already in hash set, update min
            if (set.Contains(arr[i])) {
                min = i;
            }
 
            else // Else add element to hash set
            {
                set.Add(arr[i]);
            }
        }
 
        // Print the result
        if (min != -1) {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "The first repeating element is "
                + arr[min]);
        }
        else {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "There are no repeating elements");
        }
    }
 
    // Driver method to test above method
 
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        int[] arr = new int[] { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
        printFirstRepeating(arr);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Shrikant13

                    

Javascript

<script>
 
// Javascript program to find first
// repeating element in arr[]
     
// This function prints the first
// repeating element in arr[]
function  printFirstRepeating(arr)
{
     
    // Initialize index of first
    // repeating element
    let min = -1;
 
    // Creates an empty hashset
    let set = new Set();
 
    // Traverse the input array from right to left
    for(let i = arr.length - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
         
        // If element is already in
        // hash set, update min
        if (set.has(arr[i]))
            min = i;
             
        // Else add element to hash set
        else 
            set.add(arr[i]);
    }
 
    // Print the result
    if (min != -1)
      document.write("The first repeating element is " +
                     arr[min]);
    else
      document.write("There are no repeating elements");
}
 
// Driver code
let arr = [ 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 ];
 
printFirstRepeating(arr);
 
// This code is contributed by unknown2108
     
</script>

                    

Output
The first repeating element is 5

Time Complexity: O(n).
Auxiliary Space: O(n).

Thanks to Mohammad Shahid for suggesting this solution.

Find the first repeating element in an array of integers using Hashing 

The idea is to use Hash array to store the occurrence of elements. Then traverse the array from left to right and return the first element with occurrence more than 1.

Follow the below steps to implement the idea:

  • Initialize variables k with 0, max with -1 and min with max + 1 and iterate over all values of arr[] to store the largest value in max.
  • Initialize a Hash arrays a[] and b[] of size max + 1.
  • Run a for loop from 0 to N – 1
    • If a[arr[i]] is 0 put i+1 in place of a[arr[i]].
    • Else assign 1 to b[arrr[i]] and k.
  • If k is 0 print “No repeating element found”.
  • Else iterate from 0 to max 
    • If a[i] is not zero and b[i] is not zero and min is greater than a[i] then update min a[i].
  • Print min.

Below is the Implementation of above approach 

C++

/* C++ program to find first
repeating element in arr[] */
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// This function prints the
// first repeating element in arr[]
void printFirstRepeating(int arr[], int n)
{
 
    // This will set k=1, if any
    // repeating element found
    int k = 0;
 
    // max = maximum from (all elements & n)
    int max = n;
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        if (max < arr[i])
            max = arr[i];
 
    // Array a is for storing
    // 1st time occurrence of element
    // initialized by 0
    int a[max + 1] = {};
 
    // Store 1 in array b
    // if element is duplicate
    // initialized by 0
    int b[max + 1] = {};
 
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
        // Duplicate element found
        if (a[arr[i]]) {
            b[arr[i]] = 1;
            k = 1;
            continue;
        }
        else
            // storing 1st occurrence of arr[i]
            a[arr[i]] = i + 1;
    }
 
    if (k == 0)
        cout << "No repeating element found" << endl;
    else {
        int min = max + 1;
 
        // trace array a & find repeating element
        // with min index
        for (int i = 0; i < max + 1; i++)
            if (a[i] && min > a[i] && b[i])
                min = a[i];
        cout << arr[min - 1];
    }
    cout << endl;
}
 
// Driver method to test above method
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
 
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    printFirstRepeating(arr, N);
}

                    

Java

/* Java program to find first
repeating element in arr[] */
public class GFG {
 
    // This function prints the
    // first repeating element in arr[]
    static void printFirstRepeating(int[] arr, int n)
    {
 
        // This will set k=1, if any
        // repeating element found
        int k = 0;
 
        // max = maximum from (all elements & n)
        int max = n;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            if (max < arr[i])
                max = arr[i];
 
        // Array a is for storing
        // 1st time occurrence of element
        // initialized by 0
        int[] a = new int[max + 1];
 
        // Store 1 in array b
        // if element is duplicate
        // initialized by 0
        int[] b = new int[max + 1];
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
            // Duplicate element found
            if (a[arr[i]] != 0) {
                b[arr[i]] = 1;
                k = 1;
                continue;
            }
            else
                // storing 1st occurrence of arr[i]
                a[arr[i]] = i + 1;
        }
 
        if (k == 0)
            System.out.println(
                "No repeating element found");
        else {
            int min = max + 1;
 
            // trace array a & find repeating element
            // with min index
            for (int i = 0; i < max + 1; i++)
                if (a[i] != 0 && min > a[i] && b[i] != 0)
                    min = a[i];
            System.out.print(arr[min - 1]);
        }
        System.out.println();
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int[] arr = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
 
        int N = arr.length;
        printFirstRepeating(arr, N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by divyesh072019

                    

Python3

# Python3 program to find first
# repeating element in arr[]
 
# This function prints the
# first repeating element in arr[]
 
 
def printFirstRepeating(arr, n):
 
    # This will set k=1, if any
    # repeating element found
    k = 0
 
    # max = maximum from (all elements & n)
    max = n
 
    for i in range(n):
        if (max < arr[i]):
            max = arr[i]
 
    # Array a is for storing
    # 1st time occurrence of element
    # initialized by 0
    a = [0 for i in range(max + 1)]
 
    # Store 1 in array b
    # if element is duplicate
    # initialized by 0
    b = [0 for i in range(max + 1)]
 
    for i in range(n):
 
        # Duplicate element found
        if (a[arr[i]]):
            b[arr[i]] = 1
            k = 1
            continue
        else:
 
            # Storing 1st occurrence of arr[i]
            a[arr[i]] = i+1
 
    if (k == 0):
        print("No repeating element found")
    else:
        min = max + 1
 
        for i in range(max + 1):
 
            # Trace array a & find repeating
            # element with min index
            if (a[i] and (min > (a[i])) and b[i]):
                min = a[i]
 
        print(arr[min-1])
 
 
# Driver code
arr = [10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6]
N = len(arr)
 
printFirstRepeating(arr, N)
 
# This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155

                    

C#

/* C# program to find first
repeating element in arr[] */
using System;
class GFG {
 
    // This function prints the
    // first repeating element in arr[]
    static void printFirstRepeating(int[] arr, int n)
    {
 
        // This will set k=1, if any
        // repeating element found
        int k = 0;
 
        // max = maximum from (all elements & n)
        int max = n;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
            if (max < arr[i])
                max = arr[i];
 
        // Array a is for storing
        // 1st time occurrence of element
        // initialized by 0
        int[] a = new int[max + 1];
 
        // Store 1 in array b
        // if element is duplicate
        // initialized by 0
        int[] b = new int[max + 1];
 
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
            // Duplicate element found
            if (a[arr[i]] != 0) {
                b[arr[i]] = 1;
                k = 1;
                continue;
            }
            else
                // storing 1st occurrence of arr[i]
                a[arr[i]] = i + 1;
        }
 
        if (k == 0)
            Console.WriteLine("No repeating element found");
        else {
            int min = max + 1;
 
            // trace array a & find repeating element
            // with min index
            for (int i = 0; i < max + 1; i++)
                if ((a[i] != 0) && min > a[i]
                    && (b[i] != 0))
                    min = a[i];
            Console.Write(arr[min - 1]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
 
    // Driver code
    static void Main()
    {
        int[] arr = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
 
        int N = arr.Length;
        printFirstRepeating(arr, N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07.

                    

Javascript

<script>
/* javascript program to find first
repeating element in arr */
  
 
    // This function prints the
    // first repeating element in arr
    function printFirstRepeating(arr , n) {
 
        // This will set k=1, if any
        // repeating element found
        var k = 0;
 
        // max = maximum from (all elements & n)
        var max = n;
        for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
            if (max < arr[i])
                max = arr[i];
 
        // Array a is for storing
        // 1st time occurrence of element
        // initialized by 0
        var a = Array(max + 1).fill(0);
 
        // Store 1 in array b
        // if element is duplicate
        // initialized by 0
        var b = Array(max + 1).fill(0);
        for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
            // Duplicate element found
            if (a[arr[i]] != 0) {
                b[arr[i]] = 1;
                k = 1;
                continue;
            } else
                // storing 1st occurrence of arr[i]
                a[arr[i]] = i+1;
        }
 
        if (k == 0)
            document.write("No repeating element found");
        else {
            var min = max + 1;
 
            // trace array a & find repeating element
            // with min index
            for (i = 0; i < max + 1; i++)
                if (a[i] != 0 && min > a[i] && b[i] != 0)
                    min = a[i];
            document.write(arr[min-1]);
        }
        document.write("<br/>");
    }
 
    // Driver code
     
        var arr = [ 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 ];
 
        var N = arr.length;
        printFirstRepeating(arr, N);
 
// This code is contributed by todaysgaurav
</script>

                    

Output
5

Time Complexity: O(N).
Auxiliary Space: O(N).

Another approach using single hash array

Follow the below steps to implement the idea:

  • Initialize a variable max to -1 to keep track of the maximum value in the array.
  • Iterate over all values of arr[] to store the largest value in max.
  • Declare an integer array hash of size max+1 and initialize all its elements to 0. This array will be used as a hash table to store the count of occurrences of each element in the input array.
  • Traverse the input array again from index 0 to n-1, and increment the count of the corresponding element in the hash table.
  • Traverse the input array again from index 0 to n-1, and for each element in the input array, check if the count of the corresponding element in the hash table is greater than 1. If it is, return the index of that element in the input array (i.e., i+1, since the function is expected to return a 1-based index). If no repeated element is found, the function returns -1.

Below is the Implementation of above approach 

C++

/* C++ program to find first
repeating element in arr[] */
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// This function prints the
// first repeating element in arr[]
void firstRepeating(int arr[], int n) {
     
        int max = -1;
          //Finding max
        for(int i = 0 ; i<n;i++){
           if(max<arr[i]){
               max = arr[i];
           }
        }
         
        //Creating array
        int hash[max+1]={0};
         
        //Mapping/counting
        for(int i =0;i<n; i++){
            hash[arr[i]]++;
        }
        //Variable for storing ans
          int repeating=INT_MIN;
        //Checking repeatibng element
        for(int i =0;i<n; i++){
            if(hash[arr[i]]>1){
                repeating=arr[i];
                  break;
            }
        }
          if(repeating==INT_MIN){
          cout << "There are no repeating elements";
        }
          else{
          cout << "The first repeating element is : "
             <<repeating;
        }
    }
 
// Driver method to test above method
int main()
{
    int arr[] = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
 
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
    firstRepeating(arr, N);
}

                    

Java

/*package whatever //do not write package name here */
 
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
      static void firstRepeating(int[] arr, int n) {
        int max = -1;
        // Finding max
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            if (max < arr[i]) {
                max = arr[i];
            }
        }
 
        // Creating array
        int[] hash = new int[max + 1];
 
        // Mapping/counting
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            hash[arr[i]]++;
        }
 
        // Checking for repeating element
        int repeating = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            if (hash[arr[i]] > 1) {
                repeating = arr[i];
                break;
            }
        }
 
        if (repeating == Integer.MIN_VALUE) {
            System.out.println("There are no repeating elements");
        } else {
            System.out.println("The first repeating element is : " + repeating);
        }
    }
    public static void main (String[] args) {
        int[] arr = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
        int N = arr.length;
        firstRepeating(arr, N);
    }
}

                    

Python3

# Python program to find first repeating element in arr[]
def firstRepeating(arr, n):
    # Finding max
    max_val = max(arr)
     
    # Creating array
    hash = [0] * (max_val+1)
     
    # Mapping/counting
    for i in range(n):
        hash[arr[i]] += 1
     
    # Variable for storing ans
    repeating = float('inf')
     
    # Checking repeating element
    for i in range(n):
        if hash[arr[i]] > 1:
            repeating = arr[i]
            break
     
    if repeating == float('inf'):
        print("There are no repeating elements")
    else:
        print("The first repeating element is:", repeating)
 
# Driver method to test above method
arr = [10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6]
N = len(arr)
firstRepeating(arr, N)

                    

C#

// C# program to find first
// repeating element in arr[]
using System;
 
public class Program
{
 
  // This function prints the
  // first repeating element in arr[]
  public static void FirstRepeating(int[] arr, int n)
  {
    int max = -1;
     
    // Finding max
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      if (max < arr[i]) {
        max = arr[i];
      }
    }
 
    // Creating array
    int[] hash = new int[max + 1];
 
    // Mapping/counting
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      hash[arr[i]]++;
    }
 
    // Variable for storing ans
    int repeating = int.MinValue;
 
    // Checking repeating element
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      if (hash[arr[i]] > 1) {
        repeating = arr[i];
        break;
      }
    }
 
    if (repeating == int.MinValue) {
      Console.WriteLine(
        "There are no repeating elements");
    }
    else {
      Console.WriteLine(
        "The first repeating element is: "
        + repeating);
    }
  }
 
  // Driver method to test above method
  public static void Main()
  {
    int[] arr = { 10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
    int n = arr.Length;
    FirstRepeating(arr, n);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Susobhan Akhuli

                    

Javascript

function firstRepeating(arr, n) {
    // Finding max
    let max_val = Math.max(...arr);
 
    // Creating array
    let hash = new Array(max_val + 1).fill(0);
 
    // Mapping/counting
    for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        hash[arr[i]] += 1;
    }
 
    // Variable for storing ans
    let repeating = Infinity;
 
    // Checking repeating element
    for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        if (hash[arr[i]] > 1) {
            repeating = arr[i];
            break;
        }
    }
 
    if (repeating == Infinity) {
        console.log("There are no repeating elements");
    } else {
        console.log("The first repeating element is:", repeating);
    }
}
 
// Driver method to test above method
let arr = [10, 5, 3, 4, 3, 5, 6];
let N = arr.length;
firstRepeating(arr,N);

                    

Output
The first repeating element is : 5

Time Complexity: O(N).
Auxiliary Space: O(N).

The first for loop that finds the maximum element in the array has a time complexity of O(n). The second for loop that creates a hash array has a time complexity of O(n). The third for loop that checks for the first repeating element also has a time complexity of O(n). The array named ‘hash’ is created with max+1 elements so space O(max+1).

Since all three loops run sequentially, the total time complexity of the code is O(n).



Last Updated : 06 Jul, 2023
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