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Express a number as sum of consecutive numbers

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Given a number N, write a function to express N as sum of two or more consecutive positive numbers. If there is no solution, output -1. If there are multiple solution, then print one of them.
Examples: 
 

Input : N = 10
Output : 4 + 3 + 2 + 1

Input  : N = 8
Output : -1

Input  : N = 24
Output : 9 + 8 + 7


 


 

Sum of first n natural numbers = n * (n + 1)/2

Sum of first (n + k) numbers = (n + k) * (n + k + 1)/2

If N is sum of k consecutive numbers, then
following must be true.

N = [(n+k)(n+k+1) - n(n+1)] / 2

OR 

2 * N = [(n+k)(n+k+1) - n(n+1)]


Below is the implementation based on above idea.
 

C++

// C++ program to print a consecutive sequence
// to express N if possible.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Print consecutive numbers from
// last to first
void printConsecutive(int last, int first)
{
    cout << first++;
    for (int x = first; x<= last; x++)
        cout << " + " << x;
}
 
void findConsecutive(int N)
{
    for (int last=1; last<N; last++)
    {
        for (int first=0; first<last; first++)
        {
            if (2*N == (last-first)*(last+first+1))
            {
                cout << N << " = ";
                printConsecutive(last, first+1);
                return;
            }
        }
    }
    cout << "-1";
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int n = 12;
    findConsecutive(n);
    return 0;
}

                    

Java

// Java program to print a consecutive sequence
// to express N if possible.
import java.util.*;
class GFG
{
 
// Print consecutive numbers from
// last to first
static void printConsecutive(int last, int first)
{
    System.out.print(first++);
    for (int x = first; x<= last; x++)
        System.out.print(" + " +  x);
}
 
static void findConsecutive(int N)
{
    for (int last = 1; last < N; last++)
    {
        for (int first = 0; first < last; first++)
        {
            if (2*N == (last-first)*(last+first+1))
            {
                System.out.print(N+ " = ");
                printConsecutive(last, first+1);
                return;
            }
        }
    }
    System.out.print("-1");
}
 
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    int n = 12;
    findConsecutive(n);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by umadevi9616

                    

Python3

# Python3 program to print a consecutive
# sequence to express N if possible.
 
# Print consecutive numbers
# from last to first
def printConsecutive(last, first):
    print (first, end = "")
    first += 1
    for x in range(first, last + 1):
        print (" +", x, end = "")
 
def findConsecutive(N):
    for last in range(1, N):
         
        for first in range(0, last):
             
            if 2 * N == (last - first) * (last + first + 1):
                print (N, "= ", end = "")
                printConsecutive(last, first + 1)
                return
    print ("-1")
 
# Driver code
n = 12
findConsecutive(n)
 
# This code is contributed by Shreyanshi Arun.

                    

C#

// C# program to print a consecutive sequence
// to express N if possible.
using System;
 
class GfG
{
    // Print consecutive numbers from
    // last to first
    static void printConsecutive(int last, int first)
    {
        Console.Write(first++);
        for (int x = first; x <= last; x++)
            Console.Write(" + "+x);
    }
     
    static void findConsecutive(int N)
    {
        for (int last = 1; last < N; last++)
        {
            for (int first = 0; first < last; first++)
            {
                if (2 * N == (last - first)
                    * (last + first + 1))
                {
                    Console.Write(N + " = ");
                    printConsecutive(last, first + 1);
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
        Console.Write("-1");
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void Main ()
    {
        int n = 12;
        findConsecutive(n);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by vt_m

                    

PHP

<?php
// PHP program to print a consecutive
// sequence to express N if possible.
 
// Print consecutive numbers from
// last to first
function printConsecutive($last, $first)
{
    echo $first++;
    for ($x = $first; $x<= $last; $x++)
        echo " + " , $x;
}
 
function findConsecutive($N)
{
    for ($last = 1; $last < $N; $last++)
    {
        for ($first = 0; $first < $last; $first++)
        {
            if (2 * $N == ($last - $first) *
                      ($last + $first + 1))
            {
                 echo $N , " = ";
                printConsecutive($last, $first + 1);
                return;
            }
        }
    }
    echo "-1";
}
 
    // Driver Code
    $n = 12;
    findConsecutive($n);
     
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal
?>

                    

Javascript

<script>
    // Javascript program to print a consecutive
// sequence to express N if possible.
   
// Print consecutive numbers from
// last to first
function printConsecutive(last, first)
{
    document.write(first++);
    for (let x = first; x<= last; x++)
        document.write( " + " + x);
}
   
function findConsecutive(N)
{
    for (let last = 1; last < N; last++)
    {
        for (let first = 0; first < last; first++)
        {
            if (2 * N == (last - first) *
                      (last + first + 1))
            {
                 document.write(N + " = ");
                printConsecutive(last, first + 1);
                return;
            }
        }
    }
    document.write("-1");
}
   
    // Driver Code
    let n = 12;
    findConsecutive(n);
       
// This code is contributed by _saurabh_jaiswal
</script>

                    

Output: 
 

12 = 3 + 4 + 5


Reference : 
https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/139842/in-how-many-ways-can-a-number-be-expressed-as-a-sum-of-consecutive-numbers


 



Last Updated : 04 Oct, 2021
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