# Count ways to express a number as sum of consecutive numbers

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 23 Jun, 2022

Given an integer N, the task is to find the number of ways to represent this number as a sum of 2 or more consecutive natural numbers.

Examples:

Input: N = 15
Output:
Explanation:
15 can be represented as:

1. 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5
2. 4 + 5 + 6
3. 7 + 8

Input: N = 10
Output:

Approach: The idea is to represent N as a sequence of length L+1 as:
N = a + (a+1) + (a+2) + .. + (a+L)
=> N = (L+1)*a + (L*(L+1))/2
=> a = (N- L*(L+1)/2)/(L+1)
We substitute the values of L starting from 1 till L*(L+1)/2 < N
If we get ‘a’ as a natural number then the solution should be counted.

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## C++

 `// C++ program to count number of ways to express``// N as sum of consecutive numbers.``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `long` `int` `countConsecutive(``long` `int` `N)``{``    ``// constraint on values of L gives us the``    ``// time Complexity as O(N^0.5)``    ``long` `int` `count = 0;``    ``for` `(``long` `int` `L = 1; L * (L + 1) < 2 * N; L++) {``        ``double` `a = (1.0 * N - (L * (L + 1)) / 2) / (L + 1);``        ``if` `(a - (``int``)a == 0.0)``            ``count++;``    ``}``    ``return` `count;``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``long` `int` `N = 15;``    ``cout << countConsecutive(N) << endl;``    ``N = 10;``    ``cout << countConsecutive(N) << endl;``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// A Java program to count number of ways``// to express N as sum of consecutive numbers.``public` `class` `SumConsecutiveNumber {``    ``// Utility method to compute number of ways``    ``// in which N can be represented as sum of``    ``// consecutive number``    ``static` `int` `countConsecutive(``int` `N)``    ``{``        ``// constraint on values of L gives us the``        ``// time Complexity as O(N^0.5)``        ``int` `count = ``0``;``        ``for` `(``int` `L = ``1``; L * (L + ``1``) < ``2` `* N; L++) {``            ``double` `a = (``double``)((``1.0` `* N - (L * (L + ``1``)) / ``2``) / (L + ``1``));``            ``if` `(a - (``int``)a == ``0.0``)``                ``count++;``        ``}``        ``return` `count;``    ``}` `    ``// Driver code to test above function``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``int` `N = ``15``;``        ``System.out.println(countConsecutive(N));``        ``N = ``10``;``        ``System.out.println(countConsecutive(N));``    ``}``}``// This code is contributed by Sumit Ghosh`

## Python3

 `# Python program to count number of ways to``# express N as sum of consecutive numbers.` `def` `countConsecutive(N):``    ` `    ``# constraint on values of L gives us the``    ``# time Complexity as O(N ^ 0.5)``    ``count ``=` `0``    ``L ``=` `1``    ``while``( L ``*` `(L ``+` `1``) < ``2` `*` `N):``        ``a ``=` `(``1.0` `*` `N ``-` `(L ``*` `(L ``+` `1``) ) ``/` `2``) ``/` `(L ``+` `1``)``        ``if` `(a ``-` `int``(a) ``=``=` `0.0``):``            ``count ``+``=` `1``        ``L ``+``=` `1``    ``return` `count` `# Driver code` `N ``=` `15``print` `(countConsecutive(N))``N ``=` `10``print` `(countConsecutive(N))` `# This code is contributed by Sachin Bisht`

## C#

 `// A C# program to count number of``// ways to express N as sum of``// consecutive numbers.``using` `System;` `public` `class` `GFG {` `    ``// Utility method to compute``    ``// number of ways in which N``    ``// can be represented as sum``    ``// of consecutive number``    ``static` `int` `countConsecutive(``int` `N)``    ``{` `        ``// constraint on values of L``        ``// gives us the time``        ``// Complexity as O(N^0.5)``        ``int` `count = 0;``        ``for` `(``int` `L = 1; L * (L + 1)``                        ``< 2 * N;``             ``L++) {``            ``double` `a = (``double``)((1.0``                                   ``* N``                               ``- (L * (L + 1))``                                     ``/ 2)``                              ``/ (L + 1));` `            ``if` `(a - (``int``)a == 0.0)``                ``count++;``        ``}` `        ``return` `count;``    ``}` `    ``// Driver code to test above``    ``// function``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main()``    ``{``        ``int` `N = 15;``        ``Console.WriteLine(``            ``countConsecutive(N));` `        ``N = 10;``        ``Console.Write(``            ``countConsecutive(N));``    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by``// nitin mittal.`

## PHP

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## Javascript

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Output:

```3
1```

Time Complexity: O(N^0.5)

Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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