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Difference between Serial and Parallel Transmission

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 06 Jun, 2022
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There are two methods used for transferring data between computers which are given below: Serial Transmission and Parallel Transmission. 

Serial Transmission: 
In Serial Transmission, data-bit flows from one computer to another computer in bi-direction. In this transmission, one bit flows at one clock pulse. In Serial Transmission, 8 bits are transferred at a time having a start and stop bit. 

Serial Transmission

Parallel Transmission: 
In Parallel Transmission, many bits are flow together simultaneously from one computer to another computer. Parallel Transmission is faster than serial transmission to transmit the bits. Parallel transmission is used for short distance. 
 

Parallel Transmission

Difference between Serial and Parallel Transmission:  

S.NO

Serial Transmission

Parallel Transmission

1.In this type, a single communication link is used to transfer data from one end to anotherIn this type, multiple parallels links used to transmit the data
2.In serial transmission, data(bit) flows in bi-direction.In Parallel Transmission, data flows in multiple lines.
3.Serial Transmission is cost-efficient.Parallel Transmission is not cost-efficient.
4.In serial transmission, one bit transferred at one clock pulse.In Parallel Transmission, eight bits transferred at one clock pulse.
5.Serial Transmission is slow in comparison of Parallel Transmission.Parallel Transmission is fast in comparison of Serial Transmission.
6.Generally, Serial Transmission is used for long-distance.Generally, Parallel Transmission is used for short distance.
7.The circuit used in Serial Transmission is simple.The circuit used in Parallel Transmission is relatively complex.
8. Serial Transmission is full duplex as sender can send as well as receive the dataParallel Transmission is half-duplex since the data is either send or receive
9.Converters are required in a serial transmission to convert the data between internal and parallel formNo converters are required in Parallel Transmission
10.Serial transmission is reliable and straightforward.Parallel transmission is unreliable and complicated.
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