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Difference between Python and Java

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 31 Mar, 2020
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Python: Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. It was invented back in 1991, by Guido Van Rossum. Python is an object-oriented programming language that has large enormous library support making the implementation of various programs and algorithms easy. Its language constructs and object-oriented approach aims to help programmers to write clear, logical code for various projects.

Java: Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language which was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java has a syntax similar to C and C++ but with low-level difficulties. Java is platform-independent (WORA – Write Once Run Anywhere) meaning compiled java code can run on different platforms without recompilation.

Python vs. Java

CodePython has less lines of code.Java has longer lines of code.
FrameworkCompare to JAVA, Python has lower number of Frameworks. Popular ones are DJango, Flask.Java has large number of Frameworks. Popular ones are Spring, Hibernate, etc.
SyntaxSyntax is easy to remember almost similar to human language.Syntax is complex as it throws error if you miss semicolon or curly braces.
Key FeaturesLess line no of code, Rapid deployment and dynamic typing.Self memory management, Robust, Platform independent
SpeedPython is slower since it uses interpreter and also determines the data type at run time.Java is faster in speed as compared to python.
DatabasesPython’s database access layers are weaker than Java’s JDBC. This is why it rarely used in enterprises.(JDBC)Java Database Connectivity is most popular and widely used to connect with database.
Machine Learning LibrariesTensorflow, Pytorch.Weka, Mallet, Deeplearning4j, MOA
Practical AgilityPython has always had a presence in the agile space and has grown in popularity for many reasons, including the rise of the DevOps movement.Java enjoys more consistent refactoring support than Python thanks on one hand to its static type system which makes automated refactored more predictable and reliable, and on the other to the prevalence of IDEs in Java development .

We can conclude that both Java and Python languages have their own benefits. It really is up to you to opt a particular language for your project. Where Python is simple and succinct, Java is quick and more portable. While Python codes are dynamically-coded, Java is statically-coded. Python’s future is very glaring from where we see and presume that its future is assertive. Python is far from perfect but if we say that python is a future and emerging language than we have to agree that Java is present, it’s APIs are widely used.

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