Skip to content
Related Articles
Open in App
Not now

Related Articles

Difference Between Network Topology and Network Protocols

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article
  • Last Updated : 27 Jan, 2023
Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

Network Topology and Network Protocols are closely related but distinct concepts in the field of computer networking. Network Topology refers to the physical and logical arrangement of devices on a network, while Network Protocols refer to the rules and standards that govern the communication between devices on a network. Understanding the difference between these two concepts is essential for designing, implementing, and maintaining a functional and efficient network. The purpose of this article is to explain the difference between Network Topology and Network Protocols, and how they work together to create a functional network.

Network Topology:

Network Topology refers to the physical and logical arrangement of devices on a network. There are several different types of Network Topologies, including Bus, Star, Ring, Mesh, and Tree.

1. Bus topology connects all devices to a single cable or bus, which acts as the backbone of the network. This type of topology is easy to set up and manage, but it can be vulnerable to failure if the backbone cable or bus is damaged.

bus topology

 

2. Star topology connects all devices to a central hub or switch, which acts as the control center of the network. This type of topology is more robust than the Bus topology, but it can be more expensive to set up and manage.

star topology

 

3. Ring topology connects all devices in a circular or ring formation, with data flowing in one direction around the ring. This type of topology is highly reliable, but it can be affected by a single device failure.

ring topology

 

4. Mesh topology connects all devices in a mesh formation, with multiple paths for data to flow between devices. This type of topology is highly reliable and robust, but it can be expensive to set up and manage.

mesh topology

 

5. Tree topology connects all devices in a hierarchical formation, with a central hub or switch at the top, and branches connecting to other devices. This type of topology is easy to set up and manage, but it can be affected by a single device failure.

Network Protocols:

Network Protocols refer to the rules and standards that govern the communication between devices on a network. 

Types of Network Protocols : 

There are several different types of Network Protocols, including TCP/IP, UDP, FTP, HTTP, SMTP, and DNS.

  1. TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is the most widely used protocol on the internet. It is a set of rules and standards that govern the transfer of data between devices on a network.
  2. UDP (User Datagram Protocol) is a simpler protocol than TCP/IP, and it is used for streaming video and audio, gaming, and other applications where low latency is more important than reliability.
  3. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a protocol that is used to transfer files between devices on a network.
  4. HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is a protocol that is used to transfer files between devices on a network
  5. SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is a protocol that is used to transfer email between devices on a network.
  6. DNS (Domain Name System) is a protocol that is used to translate domain names into IP addresses.

Differences between Network Topology and Network Protocols:

Network Topology

Network Protocols

Physical and logical arrangement of devices on a network

Rules and standards that govern the communication between devices on a network

Determines how data is transmitted between devices

Determines how data is formatted and processed

Examples include Bus, Star, Ring, Mesh, and Tree

Examples include TCP/IP, UDP, FTP, HTTP, SMTP, and DNS

Can affect the overall performance and security of a network

Can affect the overall performance and security of a network

Works together with Network Protocols to create a functional network

Works together with Network Topology to create a functional network

Conclusion:

In conclusion, Network Topology and Network Protocols are closely related but distinct concepts in the field of computer networking. Network Topology refers to the physical and logical arrangement of devices on a network, while Network Protocols refer to the rules and standards that govern the communication between devices on a network. Understanding the difference between these two concepts is essential for designing, implementing, and maintaining a functional and efficient network. The appropriate Network Topology and Network Protocols for a network will depend on the specific requirements of the network.

It is important to note that Network Topology and Network Protocols work together to create a functional network. A well-designed Network Topology can improve the overall performance and security of a network, but it is the Network Protocols that enable devices to communicate with one another. Similarly, a well-designed Network Protocol can improve the overall performance and security of a network, but it is the Network Topology that determines how data is transmitted between devices. 

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Like Article
Save Article
Related Articles

Start Your Coding Journey Now!