1. Linux :
Linux is a group of open source Unix-like operating systems which was developed by Linus Torvalds. It is a packaged of Linux distribution. Some of the mostly used Linux distribution are Debian, Fedora and Ubuntu. It was basically written in C language and assembly language. Kernel used in Linux is Monolithic kernel. The target systems of Linux distributions are cloud computing, embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers and supercomputers. The first version of Linux was launched in 1991.
2. macOS :
macOS is a series of proprietary graphical operating systems which is provided by Apple Incorporation. It was earlier known as Mac OS X and later OS X. It is specifically designed for Apple mac computers. It is based on Unix operating system. It was developed using C, C++, Objective-C, assembly language and Swift. It is the second most used operating system in personal computers after Windows. The first version of macOS was launched by Apple in 2001.
Difference between Linux and macOS :
|1.||It was developed by Linus Torvalds.||It was developed by Apple Incorporation.|
|2.||It was launched in 1991.||It was launched in 2001.|
|3.||Its target system types are embedded systems, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, mainframe computers and supercomputers.||Its target system types are workstation, personal computers and embedded systems.|
|4.||Computer architectures supported by Linux are IA-32, x86-64, ARM, PowerPC and SPARC.||Computer architectures supported by macOS are Ax86-64(10.4.7-present), IA-32(10.4.4-10.6.8) and PowerPC(10.0-10.5.8).|
|5.||Its kernel type is Monolithic.||Its kernel type is Hybrid with modules.|
|6.||Its native APIs are LINUX/POSIX.||Its native APIs are Carbon, Cocoa, Java and BSD-POSIX.|
|7.||It has preferred license of GNU GPLv2 (kernel).||It has the preferred license of Proprietary, APSL and GNU GPL.|
|8.||Its package management depends on the distribution.||Its package management is macOS installer.|
|9.||The non-native APIs supported through its subsystems are Mono, Java, Win16 and Win32.||The non-native APIs supported through its subsystems are Toolbox, Win16 and Win32.|
|10.||Its update management depends on the distribution.||Its update management is Software Update.|
|11.||File systems supported by Linux are ext2, ext3, ext4, btrfs, ReiserFS, FAT, ISO 9660, UDF and NFS.||File systems supported by macOS are HFS+, APFS, HFS, UFS, AFP, ISO 9660, FAT, UDF, NFS, SMBFS, NTFS, FTP, WebDAV and ZFS.|
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