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Difference between HBase and MongoDB

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1. HBase: This model is used to provide random access to a large amount of structured data. It builds on the top of the Hadoop file system and is column-oriented in nature. It is used to store the data in HDFS. It is an open-source database that provides data replication. 


  • High availability because of no SPoF (Single Point of Failure)
  • Scalability
  • Operational Simplicity
  • Add-on applications like Apache Phoenix enables a SQL interface

Application Areas:

  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • fraud detection applications
  • product catalogs and playlists
  • messaging applications
  • web applications


  • Apple 
  • Bloomberg
  • Airtel 
  • Thomson Reuters, and more.

2. MongoDB: MongoDB is document-oriented and does not need the row and column format of data. It gives high performance and is dynamic in nature where we don’t need to predefine a schema like in conventional RDBMS. MongoDB stores data in JSON format which allows you to send the data in any form you want. It is a cross-platform database that works with almost every platform like Windows, Linux, etc. 


  • Consistent Interface for whole development that simplifies the development
  • Multi-cloud Infrastructure
  • Managed for operational simplicity

Application Areas:

  • Internet of Things and Time Series 
  • eCommerce and Payment Processing 
  • Analytic and AI 
  • Gaming 
  • Mainframe Offload 


  • Amadeus
  • AstraZeneca
  • Bosch
  • Cisco
  • CERN
  • Forbes
  • Verizon Wireless

Difference between HBase and MongoDB: 

S. No.ParametersHBaseMongoDB
1.Developed byDeveloped by Apache Software Foundation.Developed by MongoDB Inc. 
4.Primary Database ModelIt is based on column-oriented.It is based on a document store.
5.Implementation Language It is written in JAVA.It is written in C++.
6.Server OSLinux, Unix, WindowsLinux, OS X, Solaris, Windows
7.Supported Programming LanguagesC, C#, C++, Groovy, Java, PHP, Python, ScalaC, C#, C++, Erlang, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Scala
8.EditionCommunityCommunity (Free) and Enterprise
9.Secondary IndexIt has no secondary indexes.It has secondary indexes.
10.Storing dataData are stored in form of key/value pairs.Data are not stored in form of key/value pair.
11.Data TypeHBase is used to store structured data.MongoDB is used to store any kind of data.

Last Updated : 08 Jun, 2022
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