Difference between RDBMS and HBase

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) –
RDBMS is for SQL, and for all modern database systems like MS SQL Server, IBM DB2, Oracle, MySQL, and Microsoft Access. A Relational database management system (RDBMS) is a database management system (DBMS) that is based on the relational model as introduced by E. F. Codd. An RDBMS is a type of DBMS with a row-based table structure that connects related data elements and includes functions that maintain the security, accuracy, integrity and consistency of the data. The most basic RDBMS functions are create, read, update and delete operations.Hbase follows the ACID Properties.

HBase –
HBase is a column-oriented database management system that runs on top of Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). It is well suited for sparse data sets, which are common in many big data use cases. It is an opensource, distributed database developed by Apache software foundations. Initially, it was named Google Big Table, afterwards it was re-named as HBase and is primarily written in Java. It can store massive amount of data from terabytes to petabytes. It is built for low-latency operations and is used extensively for read and write operations. It stores large amount of data in the form of tables.

Difference between RDBMS and HBase:

RDBMS HBase
It requires SQL (structured query language) NO SQL
It has a fixed schema No fixed schema
It is row oriented It is column oriented
It is not scalable It is scalable
It is static in nature Dynamic in nature
Slower retrieval of data Faster retrieval of data
It follows the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation and Durability) property. It follows CAP (Consistency, Availability,Partition-tolerance) theorem.
It can handle structured data It can handle structured, unstructured as well as semi-structured data
It cannot handle sparse data It can handle sparse data


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Check out this Author's contributed articles.

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.



Improved By : anissrivastava



Article Tags :
Practice Tags :


Be the First to upvote.


Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content.