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DBA – Education, Salary, and Career Overview

Last Updated : 15 Jan, 2023
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In today’s fast-paced and media-driven life 2.5 quintillion bytes of data is released every day. Currently, data is one of the most useful and valuable resources. The storage, maintenance, and management of this data is a crucial function of every organization. So due to this DBAs have become the heart of every organization. They are the professionals who organize, manage, update and maintain data on regular basis.

Database Administrator (DBA) - Salary and Career

They ensure optimal storage and rapid access to organizations’ data. Further, they coordinate with cybersecurity professionals to save data from unauthorized access. It is a lucrative profession that is continuously growing with a growth of nearly 10 percent and an unemployment rate of just 1.7 percent.

In this blog, we will discuss everything you need to know about Database Administrators (DBA). This blog will provide you with an overview of DBA’s role and how to start your career in this domain. Further, we will also discuss salary insights, education qualifications, skills required, and responsibilities. So let’s get started.

Who is a DBA?

Database Administrators are the professionals who create databases as per the company’s needs and ensure they function effectively and efficiently. They are the guardians of information that implement security measures to ensure the safety of sensitive information. Database Administration is a crucial component of an IT environment that relies on one or more database management systems. To know more, refer to our article – DBA.

DBAs are proficient in skills like database design, data extraction, data integrity, data security, optimization, database backup, and recovery and problem rectification. They ensure that are no issues like downtime or slowdown that negatively affect customer experience, company reputation, and revenue.

There are different types of DBAs:

  • Development DBA: Their main role is to develop queries and procedures to meet the organizational requirements.
  • Application DBA: They manage application installation, application upgrades,  data load management, database cloning, and application coordination.  
  • OLAP DBA: They design and develop multidimensional systems for OLAP systems.
  • Administrative DBA: They work on migration, backups, troubleshooting, replication, etc, their main job is to keep the server functional.
  • Architect: They design schemas and structures to meet the organizational needs.

Salary Insights

Now let’s move forward and discuss salary insights of DBAs. There are different salaries for different DBAs, which also vary based on experience, as mentioned below.


Average Salary in India 

Average Salary in the USA
Oracle Database Administrator 6.0 LPA $103,376 per year
Senior Oracle Database Administrator 11.5 LPA $134,439 per year
SQL Database Administrator 7 LPA $116,338 per year
Senior SQL Database Administrator 10.1 LPA $127,396 per year
SQL Server Database Administrator 6.0 LPA $99, 964 per year 
DB2 Database Administrator 7.2 LPA $72,000 per year
Consultant Oracle Database Administrator 8.4 LPA $108,837 per year


The minimum qualification required to become a DBA is a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or related field. You must have strong technical knowledge to attain success in this domain. Gaining professional certifications from renowned software vendors will establish database administrator credibility and enhance the chances of getting a good job. 

Some of the popular certifications are IBM Certified Advanced Database Administrator, Microsoft 365 Certified Enterprise Administrator Expert, IBM Certified Database Administrator, Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate, and Microsoft MCSE Core Infrastructure.


Like every other profession, DBAs also need to master several skills to perform their job. The main skills that you need to work on are mentioned below.

Technical Skills

  • SQL: SQL stands for Structured Query Language which is used for storing, manipulating, and retrieving data in databases. If you wish to become a DBA and looking for a course that can teach you A-Z about this sought-after technical skill – SQL, you’re backed by GeeksforGeeks. You can check out our SQL Foundation – Self-Paced course to get your foundation strong in SQL.
  • Database: A database is an organized collection of data for easy access, management, and update. DBAs need to be proficient in any database and have the working knowledge of a few databases like MQL Server, MySQL, Oracle, IBM Db2, and MongoDB.
  • Unix: This is a portable, multitasking, and multi-user operating system interface. It provides an organizational foundation for Android, Mac, Chrome, and PlayStation systems.
  • Linux: Linux is an open-source operating system that operates with the versatility to control a wide variety of computer systems.
  • Windows operating system: It represents the graphic interface for all Microsoft products. DBAs need to have the basic knowledge of the Windows operating system to manage data efficiently.
  • Automation: DBAs need to do monotonous tasks again and again so automation is a helping hand for them. So DBAs must know automation to make their job faster and easier. Brush up your knowledge with these 7 Best Books for Database Administrators and Developers which can help you understand complete end-to-end development of applications including report databases, data modeling solutions, migration, etc.

Soft Skills 

  • Good Problem-Solving Skills: DBAs need to have good problem-solving skills to rectify issues related to data organization, database design, and data security.
  • Strong Communication Skills: Communication skills includes writing, reading, and listening skills. DBAs need to have good communication skills as they need to collaborate with different colleagues, clients, and customers. 
  • Time Management: this refers to prioritizing the important tasks rather than working on all tasks simultaneously which could lead to database performance issues. So time management is one of the most crucial skills that DBAs must possess.

Roles and Responsibility

The main roles and responsibilities of a DBA are:

  1. Designing and maintaining a database
  2. Monitoring database performance regularly
  3. Ensuring database availability and troubleshooting performance issues
  4. Managing import and export of data.
  5. Identifying and reporting security issues
  6. Regular monitoring of database
  7. Designing database backup and managing archive log
  8. Performing database housekeeping like indexing, tuning, etc.

Final Thoughts

The rapid technological advancements have resulted in the high demand for Database administrators globally. A career in this domain offers a lucrative salary, immense job satisfaction, and amazing growth opportunities. The DBA role is here to stay for a long and the demand is expected to increase by 10% which is far more than the average. To start a career in database administration and ensure a promising future.

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