click_and_hold – Action Chains in Selenium Python

Selenium’s Python Module is built to perform automated testing with Python. ActionChains are a way to automate low-level interactions such as mouse movements, mouse button actions, keypress, and context menu interactions. This is useful for doing more complex actions like hover over and drag and drop. Action chain methods are used by advanced scripts where we need to drag an element, click an element, double click, etc.
This article revolves around click_and_hold method on Action Chains in Python Selenium. click_and_hold method is used to hold down the left mouse button on an element.
Syntax –

click_and_hold(on_element=None)
Args –
on_element: The element to mouse down. If None, clicks on current mouse position.

Example –

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<input type ="text" name ="passwd" id ="passwd-id" />

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To find an element one needs to use one of the locating strategies, For example,

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element = driver.find_element_by_id("passwd-id")
element = driver.find_element_by_name("passwd")

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Now one can use click_and_hold method as an Action chain as below –



click_and_hold(on_element=element)

How to use click_and_hold Action Chain method in Selenium Python ?

To demonstrate, click_and_hold method of Action Chains in Selenium Python. Let’ s visit https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/ and operate on an element.

Program –

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# import webdriver
from selenium import webdriver
  
# import Action chains 
from selenium.webdriver.common.action_chains import ActionChains
  
# create webdriver object
driver = webdriver.Firefox()
  
# get geeksforgeeks.org
  
# get element 
element = driver.find_element_by_link_text("Courses")
  
# create action chain object
action = ActionChains(driver)
  
# click and hold  the item
action.click_and_hold(on_element = element)
  
# perform the operation
action.perform()

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Output –
action-chains-selenium-Python




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