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perform method – Action Chains in Selenium Python

  • Last Updated : 15 May, 2020

Selenium’s Python Module is built to perform automated testing with Python. ActionChains are a way to automate low-level interactions such as mouse movements, mouse button actions, keypress, and context menu interactions. This is useful for doing more complex actions like hover over and drag and drop. Action chain methods are used by advanced scripts where we need to drag an element, click an element, double click, etc.
This article revolves around perform method on Action Chains in Python Selenium. perform method is used to perform all stored operations in action instance of ActionChains class.

Syntax –

perform()

Example –




<input type ="text" name ="passwd" id ="passwd-id" />

To find an element one needs to use one of the locating strategies, For example,




element = driver.find_element_by_id("passwd-id")
element = driver.find_element_by_name("passwd")

Now one can use perform method as an Action chain as below –



action.click(on_element=element)
action.perform()

How to use perform Action Chain method in Selenium Python ?

To demonstrate, perform method of Action Chains in Selenium Python. Let’ s visit https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/ and operate on an element.

Program –




# import webdriver
from selenium import webdriver
  
# import Action chains 
from selenium.webdriver.common.action_chains import ActionChains
  
# create webdriver object
driver = webdriver.Firefox()
  
# get geeksforgeeks.org
  
# get element 
element = driver.find_element_by_link_text("Courses")
  
# create action chain object
action = ActionChains(driver)
  
# click the item
action.click(on_element = element)
  
# perform the operation
action.perform()

Output –
action-chains-selenium-Python

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