pause method – Action Chains in Selenium Python

Selenium’s Python Module is built to perform automated testing with Python. ActionChains are a way to automate low-level interactions such as mouse movements, mouse button actions, keypress, and context menu interactions. This is useful for doing more complex actions like hover over and drag and drop. Action chain methods are used by advanced scripts where we need to drag an element, click an element, double click, etc.
This article revolves around pause method on Action Chains in Python Selenium. pause method is used to pause all inputs for the specified duration in seconds. Pause method is highly important and useful in case one is executing some command that takes some javascript to load or a similar situation where there is a time gap between two operations.

Syntax –

pause(seconds)
Args –
seconds – Number of seconds to pause for.
Example –
One can use pause method as an Action chain as below –

pause(1024)

How to use pause Action Chain method in Selenium Python ?

To demonstrate, pause method of Action Chains in Selenium Python. Let’ s visit https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/ and operate on an element.

Program –



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code

# import webdriver
from selenium import webdriver
  
# import Action chains 
from selenium.webdriver.common.action_chains import ActionChains
  
# create webdriver object
driver = webdriver.Firefox()
  
# get geeksforgeeks.org
  
# get element 
element = driver.find_element_by_link_text("Courses")
  
# create action chain object
action = ActionChains(driver)
  
# click the item
action.click(on_element = element)
  
# action.pause(1000)
  
# click the item
action.click(on_element = element)
  
# perform the operation
action.perform()

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Output –
action-chains-selenium-Python

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