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Animated shared layout using framer-motion and React.js

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Animated shared layout using framer-motion and React.js involves items that toggle open and close show some animation/transitions and switch the states when clicked.

Prerequisites:

Approach:

To design an Animated shared layout using framer-motion and React.js we will be using the AnimatedSharedLayout along with motion and AnimatePresence components for showing transitions and useState hook to store and render the components after state changes.

Steps to Create React Application And Installing Module :

Step 1: Create a React application using the following command:

npx create-react-application demo

Step 2: After creating your project folder i.e. demo, move to it using the following command

cd animated-layout

Step 3: Add the npm packages you will need during the project :

npm i framer-motion


Project Structure:

Folder structure

The updated dependencies in packages.json file.

"dependencies": {
"@testing-library/jest-dom": "^5.17.0",
"@testing-library/react": "^13.4.0",
"@testing-library/user-event": "^13.5.0",
"framer-motion": "^10.16.4",
"react": "^18.2.0",
"react-dom": "^18.2.0",
"react-scripts": "5.0.1",
"web-vitals": "^2.1.4"
}

Example: This example uses AnimatedSharedLayout and AnimatePresence components to implement the Animated shared layout.

Javascript

// Filename - App.js
 
import React from "react";
import { AnimateSharedLayout } from "framer-motion";
import Item from "./Item";
import "./styles.css";
 
// This is an example of animating shared layouts
// using react and framer-motion library.
const itemsList = [
    {
        index: 0,
        content: `Motion components are DOM primitives
  optimised for 60fps animation and gestures.`,
    },
    {
        index: 1,
        content: `Motion can animate:
    Numbers: 0, 10 etc.
    Strings containing numbers: "0vh", "10px" etc.`,
    },
    {
        index: 2,
        content: `Transform properties are accelerated by the GPU,
     and therefore animate smoothly. `,
    },
];
 
const App = () => {
    return (
        // The framer-motion component to wrap Item component to animate it
        <AnimateSharedLayout>
            {/* Mapping through itemList array to render layouts*/}
            {itemsList.map((item) => (
                <Item
                    key={item.index}
                    content={item.content}
                />
            ))}
        </AnimateSharedLayout>
    );
};
 
export default App;

                    

Javascript

// Filename - Item.js
 
import React, { useState } from "react";
import { motion, AnimatePresence } from "framer-motion";
 
const Content = ({ content }) => {
 
    "20200817185016/gfg_complete_logo_2x-min.png"
 
  return (
    <motion.div
      layout
      initial={{ opacity: 0 }}
      animate={{ opacity: 1 }}
      exit={{ opacity: 0 }}
    >
      <img
        src={url}
        alt="geeksforgeeks"
      />
      <div className="row">{content}</div>
    </motion.div>
  );
};
 
const Item = ({ content }) => {
  // React useState hook is used to manage the state of 'isOpen'
  // that in turn toggles shared layout, user clicks on
  const [isOpen, setIsOpen] = useState(false);
 
  // Utility function to set 'isOpen' '!'(not) of its last value
  const toggleOpen = () => setIsOpen(!isOpen);
 
    "27UlohMeBLxyUdhs9hUbc-Agw=s900-c-k-c0x00ffffff-no-rj"
 
  return (
    <motion.li
      layout
      title="Click to reveal"
      onClick={toggleOpen}
      initial={{ borderRadius: [25] }}
    >
      <motion.div className="avatar" layout>
        {" "}
        <img
          src={url}
          alt="gfg"
        />{" "}
      </motion.div>
      <br />
      <AnimatePresence>{isOpen && <Content content={content} />}
      </AnimatePresence>
    </motion.li>
  );
};
 
export default Item;

                    

CSS

/* Filename - styles.css */
 
body {
    min-height: 100vh;
    margin: 0;
    display: flex;
    justify-content: center;
    align-items: center;
}
 
* {
    box-sizing: border-box;
}
 
ul,
li {
    list-style: none;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
}
 
ul {
    width: 300px;
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: column;
    background: #fcfcfc;
    padding: 20px;
    border-radius: 25px;
}
 
li {
    background-color: rgba(214, 214, 214, 0.5);
    border-radius: 10px;
    padding: 20px;
    margin-bottom: 20px;
    overflow: hidden;
    cursor: pointer;
    width: 300px;
}
 
li:last-child {
    margin-bottom: 0px;
}
 
.avatar {
    width: 40px;
    height: 40px;
    border-radius: 20px;
}
 
.avatar img {
    width: 40px;
    border-radius: 100%;
}
 
.row {
    margin-top: 12px;
}
 
img {
    width: 250px;
    height: 40px;
}

                    

Step to Run Application: Run the application using the following command from the root directory of the project:

npm start

Output: Now open your browser and go to http://localhost:3000/, you will see the following output:



Last Updated : 17 Nov, 2023
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